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United Arab Emirates


Introduction: The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf coast granted the UK control of their defense and foreign affairs in 19th century treaties. In 1971, six of these states - Abu Zaby, 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah, Dubayy, and Umm al Qaywayn - merged to form the United Arab Emirates (UAE). They were joined in 1972 by Ra's al Khaymah. The UAE's per capita GDP is on par with those of leading West European nations. Its generosity with oil revenues and its moderate foreign policy stance have allowed the UAE to play a vital role in the affairs of the region. For more than three decades, oil and global finance drove the UAE's economy. However, in 2008-09,...

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Economic Overview: The UAE has the world's sixth largest crude oil reserves and natural gas reserves and is a major player in world energy markets. These reserves are overwhelmingly located in Abu Dhabi Emirate. The UAE is the Middle East's second largest economy after Saudi Arabia.

In the medium term, the UAE economy will continue to rely on its huge oil and gas reserves -- which account for around a third of GDP, over two thirds of exports, and the bulk of government revenue -- to underpin its economic development. Investment income is also substantial and provides a further element to economic activity.

Extensive ...

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History: The U.A.E. was formed from the group of tribally organized Arabian Peninsula sheikhdoms along the southern coast of the Persian Gulf and the northwestern coast of the Gulf of Oman. For centuries, the sheikhdoms were embroiled in dynastic disputes. It became known as the Pirate Coast as raiders based there harassed foreign shipping, despite both European and Arab navies patrolling the area from ...

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International Relations: The UAE is increasingly active internationally, and they share perspectives with the UK on a number of global issues. In Libya, the UAE played a role alongside NATO forces to implement UNSCR 1973, and have formally recognised the Libya Transitional National Council as the legitimate representation of the Libyan people. In Afghanistan, the UAE are working in partnership with international allies in support of the ISAF campaign and transition process. A joint visit by the Foreign Secretary and His Highness Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed in June highlighted the close cooperation and depth of the relationship between the UK and UAE, and our shared ...

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The Persian Gulf lies between two of the major breadbaskets of the ancient world, the Tigris-Euphrates area (Mesopotamia, meaning "between the rivers") in present-day Iraq and the Nile Valley in Egypt. Mesopotamia, a part of the area known as the Fertile Crescent, was important not only for food production but also for connecting East to West.

Rivers provided the water that ...

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Area Handbook Series
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