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Argentina

WORLD FACTBOOK (US)


Introduction: In 1816, the United Provinces of the Rio Plata declared their independence from Spain. After Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay went their separate ways, the area that remained became Argentina. The country's population and culture were heavily shaped by immigrants from throughout Europe, but most particularly Italy and Spain, which provided the largest percentage of newcomers from 1860 to 1930. Up until about the mid-20th century, much of Argentina's history was dominated by periods of internal political conflict between Federalists and Unitarians and between civilian and military factions. After World War II, an era of Peronist populism and...

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COUNTRY BRIEF (AU)


Political Outlook: President Fernández is supported by a large bloc of the Peronist Party (PJ), which has dominated the Argentine political scene since 1946. However, both prior to and after the 2007 presidential elections, Néstor Kirchner sought to expand the PJ's power base beyond the traditional party structures by canvassing outside support, in particular from the centre left. Kirchner's sudden death on 27 October 2010 following a heart attack altered the Argentine political outlook. He was widely seen as the likely PJ candidate for the presidential elections in 2011. Since June 2009, when the government lost its legislative majority in Congress, it has ...

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BACKGROUND NOTES (US)


History: Europeans arrived in the region with the 1502 voyage of Amerigo Vespucci. Spanish navigator Juan Diaz de Solias visited what is now Argentina in 1516. Spain established a permanent colony on the site of Buenos Aires in 1580, although initial settlement was primarily overland from Peru. The Spanish further integrated Argentina into their empire by establishing the Vice Royalty of Rio de la Plata ...

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COUNTRY PROFILE (UK)


International Relations: Relations with Neighbours

Argentina is a member of the regional common market bloc Mercosur, established in 1991, which seeks to remove barriers to trade between its members. Mercosur is the world's fourth biggest integrated market and the second largest in the Americas after the North American Free Trade Area (NAFTA) with a combined population of about 200 million people. Trade flows between Argentina and the other members (Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay and Venezuela) have increased significantly during the last 5 years. The dispute between Argentina and Uruguay over the UPM (previously Botnia) cellulose plant in Fray Bentos ...

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NEWS - ARGENTINA

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