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Introduction: Following more than three centuries under Portuguese rule, Brazil gained its independence in 1822, maintaining a monarchical system of government until the abolition of slavery in 1888 and the subsequent proclamation of a republic by the military in 1889. Brazilian coffee exporters politically dominated the country until populist leader Getulio VARGAS rose to power in 1930. By far the largest and most populous country in South America, Brazil underwent more than half a century of populist and military government until 1985, when the military regime peacefully ceded power to civilian rulers. Brazil continues to pursue industrial and...

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Economic Overview: At a glance

For the latest economic data refer to the Brazil country fact sheet (PDF) ...

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Government and Political Conditions: Brazil is a federal republic with 26 states and a federal district. The 1988 constitution grants broad powers to the federal government, made up of executive, legislative, and judicial branches. The president holds office for 4 years, with the right to re-election for an additional 4-year term, and appoints the cabinet. There are 81 senators, three for each state and the Federal District, and 513 ...

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Brazil's International Relations: Brazil is a key player on the world stage. It is at the forefront of efforts to deepen Latin American integration, through its membership of Mercosul, the Rio Group, ALADI and other regional groupings. It was a driving force behind the founding of the South American Community of Nations in December 2004 (which was later renamed the Union of South American Nations). Brazil founded, and plays, a co-ordinating role in the G20 group of nations in WTO negotiations. It is an active and influential member of the United Nations. Brazil leads the UN peacekeeping force in Haiti (MINUSTAH) and participates in the multinational presence in Timor Leste. ...

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More like a continent than a country, the Federative Republic of Brazil (Rep├║blica Federativa do Brasil) is geographically larger than the conterminous United States. It is the world's fifth largest nation in physical size, exceeded only by Russia, China, the United States, and Canada. By far the largest country in Latin America, Brazil occupies nearly half the land mass of South America and ...

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