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Central African Republic

WORLD FACTBOOK (US)


Introduction: The former French colony of Ubangi-Shari became the Central African Republic upon independence in 1960. After three tumultuous decades of misrule - mostly by military governments - civilian rule was established in 1993 and lasted for one decade. President Ange-Felix PATASSE's civilian government was plagued by unrest, and in March 2003 he was deposed in a military coup led by General Francois BOZIZE, who established a transitional government. Though the government has the tacit support of civil society groups and the main parties, a wide field of candidates contested the municipal, legislative, and presidential elections held in March and...

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BACKGROUND NOTES (US)


History: The C.A.R. appears to have been settled from at least the 7th century on by overlapping empires, including the Kanem-Bornou, Ouaddai, Baguirmi, and Dafour groups based in Lake Chad and the Upper Nile. Later, various sultanates claimed present-day C.A.R., using the entire Oubangui region as a slave reservoir, from which slaves were traded north across the Sahara and to West Africa for export by ...

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COUNTRY PROFILE (UK)


International Relations: CAR's relations with neighbours

CAR has good, if low-level and uneventful, relations with 2 of its direct neighbours - Cameroon and Congo-Brazzaville. CAR is a founding member of the French backed regional organisation CEMAC (Cameroon, Congo-Brazzaville, Gabon, Chad and Equatorial Guinea are the other members), which deployed peacekeeping troops to CAR in 2003. These troops are still in country.

Relations with Chad and the Democratic Republic of Congo have however been marked historically by disputes over border incursions and the sheltering of dissidents and rebels. Patasse was supported by the ...

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NEWS - CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

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