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Costa Rica


Introduction: Although explored by the Spanish early in the 16th century, initial attempts at colonizing Costa Rica proved unsuccessful due to a combination of factors, including: disease from mosquito-infested swamps, brutal heat, resistance by natives, and pirate raids. It was not until 1563 that a permanent settlement of Cartago was established in the cooler, fertile central highlands. The area remained a colony for some two and a half centuries. In 1821, Costa Rica became one of several Central American provinces that jointly declared their independence from Spain. Two years later it joined the United Provinces of Central America, but this federation...

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History: In 1502, on his fourth and last voyage to the New World, Christopher Columbus made the first European landfall in the area. Settlement of Costa Rica began in 1522. For nearly 3 centuries, Spain administered the region as part of the Captaincy General of Guatemala under a military governor. The Spanish optimistically called the country "Rich Coast." Finding little gold or other valuable minerals ...

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History: Pre-Columbian period - Costa Rica was at the crossroads of the 2 great areas of cultural influence: the Meso-American groups (including Mayans and Aztecs) and the South American groups. The territory did not belong directly to any of the major kingdoms and the populations were distributed in small disperse tribes with no important population concentrations. The descendents of these indigenous tribes exist today, the main ones being the Bri Bri, Cabecar, Brunca, Guaymi and Huetar people.

1502 - Christopher Columbus first sets foot in Costa Rica, (Rich Coast) on his fourth and last voyage to the New World, but disease and ...

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