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Czech Republic


Introduction: At the close of World War I, the Czechs and Slovaks of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire merged to form Czechoslovakia. During the interwar years, having rejected a federal system, the new country's leaders were frequently preoccupied with meeting the demands of other ethnic minorities within the republic, most notably the Sudeten Germans and the Ruthenians (Ukrainians). On the eve of World War II, the Czech part of the country was forcibly annexed to the Third Reich, and the Slovaks declared independence as an ally of Nazi Germany. After the war, a reunited but truncated Czechoslovakia (less Ruthenia) fell within the Soviet sphere of...

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Economic Overview: Since abandoning communism in 1989, the Czech Republic has made significant economic progress and the country now has a solid market economy. The global financial crisis has affected the largely export-oriented Czech economy as export orders to the rest of the EU have declined.

According to The Economist Intelligence Unit, the governing coalition's priority is to reduce the budget deficit, which measured 5.9% of GDP in 2009 and is expected to be 5.3% of GDP in 2010. The coalition aims to bring the deficit down to 4.8% of GDP in 2011 and to 3% of GDP or less by 2013.

The Economist Intelligence Unit also ...

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History: The Czech Republic was the western part of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic. Formed into a common state after World War I (October 28, 1918), the Czechs, Moravians, and Slovaks remained united for almost 75 years. On January 1, 1993, the two republics split to form two separate states.

The Czechs lost their national independence to the Hapsburg Empire in 1620 at the ...

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International Relations: The Czech Republic's Relations with Neighbours

Czechoslovakia was a founder member of the Visegrad Group (V3) with Hungary and Poland. The group, now the V4 containing the Czech Republic and Slovakia, works together to promote their common interests, both within the European Union and in promoting democracy among their neighbours to the east.

The Czech Republic's Relations with the International Community

The Czech Republic has now achieved its prime post-communist foreign policy goal of integration into the Euro-Atlantic mainstream. It joined the Council of Europe in 1990, the OECD ...

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