Houston, we have a problem: Unknown MySQL server host 'db.cantymedia.com:3306' (1)Houston, we have a problem: Unknown MySQL server host 'db.cantymedia.com:3306' (1) Factba.se: Country Facts - Estonia


We're always looking for ways to make Geoba.se better. Have an idea? See something that needs fixing? Let us know!



Introduction: After centuries of Danish, Swedish, German, and Russian rule, Estonia attained independence in 1918. Forcibly incorporated into the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US - it regained its freedom in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Since the last Russian troops left in 1994, Estonia has been free to promote economic and political ties with the West. It joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of...

See More from the CIA World Factbook
on Estonia →


Economic Overview: Estonia, like neighbours Latvia and Lithuania, experienced sharp falls in the economy due to a slide in domestic demand and weak exports arising from the global financial and economic crisis. GDP contracted by 13.9 per cent in 2009, but returned to positive growth in 2010, increasing 3.1 per cent. The predicted growth for 2011 is 3.3 per cent. The unemployment rate fell to 14.4 per cent in the first quarter of 2011 from 16.9 per cent in 2010, according to Statistics Estonia. The Estonian Government met the convergence criteria and was accepted into the Eurozone on 1 January ...

See More from Australia's Country Briefs
on Estonia →


People: Estonians belong to the Finno-Ugric peoples, as do the Finns and the Hungarians. Archaeological research confirms the existence of human activity in the region as early as 8000 BC; by 3500 BC the principal ancestors of the Estonians had arrived from the east.

Estonians have strong ties to the Nordic countries today stemming from deep cultural and religious influences gained ...

See More from the U.S. State Department's Background Notes
on Estonia →


International Relations: Relations with Neighbours

In April 2004 Estonia formally joined NATO and on 1 May 2004 also became a member of the EU, thereby completing two long-term objectives, which had dominated Estonia’s foreign policy agenda for more than a decade.

In 1998, Estonia was in the first wave of Central European countries invited to begin negotiations to join the EU. Negotiations were relatively smooth and Estonia was one of the best-performing EU candidates in terms of closing chapters of the acquis, implementing its commitments, and exemplifying clean government. As a concession, Estonia was granted the right to ...

See More from UK's Country Profiles
on Estonia →


Click any image to enlarge.

National Flag

(€) Euro (EUR)
Convert to Any Currency


Locator Map