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European Union


Introduction: Following the two devastating World Wars in the first half of the 20th century, a number of European leaders in the late 1940s became convinced that the only way to establish a lasting peace was to unite the two chief belligerent nations - France and Germany - both economically and politically. In 1950, the French Foreign Minister Robert SCHUMAN proposed an eventual union of all Europe, the first step of which would be the integration of the coal and steel industries of Western Europe. The following year the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) was set up when six members, Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and the...

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Bilateral Relationship: The Australia-EU Partnership Framework (http://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/european_union/australia_partnership_framework.html) currently sets out the future direction of bilateral cooperation. The framework was launched during Australia-EU Ministerial Consultations in Paris on 29 October 2008. It is a document which outlines specific cooperative activities and is designed to be revised regularly. The first revision of the Partnership Framework, launched during the Australia-EU Ministerial Consultations in Stockholm on 8 October 2009, provides an updated focus on practical cooperation in the following areas:

-- shared foreign ...

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