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United Kingdom


Introduction: The United Kingdom has historically played a leading role in developing parliamentary democracy and in advancing literature and science. At its zenith in the 19th century, the British Empire stretched over one-fourth of the earth's surface. The first half of the 20th century saw the UK's strength seriously depleted in two world wars and the Irish republic withdraw from the union. The second half witnessed the dismantling of the Empire and the UK rebuilding itself into a modern and prosperous European nation. As one of five permanent members of the UN Security Council, a founding member of NATO, and of the Commonwealth, the UK pursues a...

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Economic Overview: The UK was hard hit by the global economic crisis in 2009 and real GDP growth fell by 4.9 per cent. On 20 October 2010, UK Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne, announced the Government’s Comprehensive Spending Review including plans to reduce public spending over the period to 2014-15 and to reduce the deficit from 11 per cent of GDP in 2009-10 to 1.1 per cent of GDP in 2015-16. The UK remains the world's sixth largest economy. GDP growth in 2010 was 1.3 per cent and it is expected to rise to 1.7 per cent in ...

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History: The Roman invasion of Britain in 55 B.C. and most of Britain's subsequent incorporation into the Roman Empire stimulated development and brought more active contacts with the rest of Europe. As Rome's strength declined, the country again was exposed to invasion -- including the pivotal incursions of the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes in the fifth and sixth centuries A.D. -- up to the Norman conquest ...

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