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Introduction: Following World War II, the British withdrew from their mandate of Palestine, and the UN partitioned the area into Arab and Jewish states, an arrangement rejected by the Arabs. Subsequently, the Israelis defeated the Arabs in a series of wars without ending the deep tensions between the two sides. The territories Israel occupied since the 1967 war are not included in the Israel country profile, unless otherwise noted. On 25 April 1982, Israel withdrew from the Sinai pursuant to the 1979 Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty. In keeping with the framework established at the Madrid Conference in October 1991, bilateral negotiations were conducted between...

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Economic Overview: Israel has a technologically advanced market economy with substantial, though diminishing, government participation. It depends on imports of crude oil, grains, raw materials, and military equipment. Despite limited natural resources, Israel has intensively developed its agricultural and industrial sectors over the past 20 years. Israel imports substantial quantities of grain, but is largely self-sufficient in other agricultural products.

High-tech exports fuelled Israel's high economic growth in the 1990s, reaching a high of 7.4 per cent in 2000 before slowing in subsequent years. In recent years the economy has grown by ...

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History: The creation of the State of Israel in 1948 was preceded by more than 50 years of efforts to establish a sovereign state as a homeland for Jews. These efforts were initiated by Theodore Herzl, founder of the Zionist movement, and were given added impetus by the Balfour Declaration of 1917, which asserted the British Government's support for the creation of a Jewish homeland in Palestine.

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International Relations: Israel has diplomatic relations with 160 countries. It has over 90 diplomatic missions.
Of its neighbours, Israel has diplomatic relations with Egypt (Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty 1979) and Jordan (Israel-Jordan Treaty of Peace 1994). Lebanon and Syria do not have diplomatic relations with Israel. The governments of Tunisia, Morocco, and Oman suspended diplomatic relations at the start of the Second Intifada (2000).


The UK established full diplomatic relations with Israel in 1950. Since this point, bilateral relations between the UK and Israel have been solid, but not ...

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The history of the evolving relationship between God and the Jewish people set forth in the the Hebrew Bible -- the five books of the Torah -- known to Christians as the Old Testament, begins with myths. The stories of creation, the temptation and sin of the first humans, their expulsion from an idyllic sanctuary, the flood, and other folkloric events have analogies with other early societies. ...

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Area Handbook Series
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