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Iraq

WORLD FACTBOOK (US)


Introduction: Formerly part of the Ottoman Empire, Iraq was occupied by Britain during the course of World War I; in 1920, it was declared a League of Nations mandate under UK administration. In stages over the next dozen years, Iraq attained its independence as a kingdom in 1932. A "republic" was proclaimed in 1958, but in actuality a series of strongmen ruled the country until 2003. The last was SADDAM Husayn. Territorial disputes with Iran led to an inconclusive and costly eight-year war (1980-88). In August 1990, Iraq seized Kuwait but was expelled by US-led, UN coalition forces during the Gulf War of January-February 1991. Following Kuwait's...

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COUNTRY BRIEF (AU)


Security: Following the overthrow of Saddam Hussein, Iraq witnessed widespread violence led by insurgent groups along sectarian lines, and against the coalition forces. Following a peak in the level of violence in 2006/2007, the security situation improved slowly due to a combination of ongoing political progress and the increased capability of the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF), under the guidance of coalition forces. These successes allowed coalition forces to progressively transfer primary security responsibility to the ISF.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1790, mandating the presence of multinational forces in Iraq, ...

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BACKGROUND NOTES (US)


People: Almost 75% of Iraq's population lives in the flat, alluvial plain stretching southeast from Baghdad and Basrah to the Persian Gulf. The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers carry about 70 million cubic meters of silt annually to the delta. Known in ancient times as Mesopotamia, the region is the legendary locale of the Garden of Eden. The ruins of Ur, Babylon, and other ancient cities are located in ...

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COUNTRY PROFILE (UK)


International Relations: UK diplomatic representation in Iraq

The British Embassy reopened in Baghdad on 28 June 2004. Owing to security concerns, the current Embassy is situated in the 'International Zone', which contains many Government and diplomatic buildings. There is also a Consul General in Basra in southern Iraq and a Consul General in Erbil in the northern Kurdistan region.

Iraqi diplomatic representation in the UK

Dr Muhielddin Hussein Abdullah is the current Chargé d'Affaires in London.


Cultural Relations with the UK

Talented Iraqi graduates and ...

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NEWS - IRAQ

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