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Kenya

WORLD FACTBOOK (US)


Introduction: Founding president and liberation struggle icon Jomo KENYATTA led Kenya from independence in 1963 until his death in 1978, when President Daniel Toroitich arap MOI took power in a constitutional succession. The country was a de facto one-party state from 1969 until 1982 when the ruling Kenya African National Union (KANU) made itself the sole legal party in Kenya. MOI acceded to internal and external pressure for political liberalization in late 1991. The ethnically fractured opposition failed to dislodge KANU from power in elections in 1992 and 1997, which were marred by violence and fraud, but were viewed as having generally reflected the...

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COUNTRY BRIEF (AU)


Economic Overview: Kenya remains poor by global standards. Per capita GDP in 2007 was US$845 -- although real GDP growth has been encouraging in recent years, measuring 7.0% in 2007. Agriculture is the biggest sector of the economy. The Government's 2007 "Vision 2030" aims to diversify the economy, including into tourism, manufacturing, trade, information technology, and financial services; and to increase GDP growth to 10% per annum. Recent political instability, and its impact on key sectors including agriculture and tourism, has dampened GDP growth ...

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BACKGROUND NOTES (US)


History: Fossils found in East Africa suggest that protohumans roamed the area more than 20 million years ago. Recent finds near Kenya's Lake Turkana indicate that hominids lived in the area 2.6 million years ago.

Cushitic-speaking people from what became Sudan, South Sudan, and Ethiopia moved into the area that is now Kenya beginning around 2000 BC. Arab traders began frequenting the ...

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COUNTRY PROFILE (UK)


International Relations: The new East African Community (EAC) was formally launched in January 2001. It has a parliament, the East African Legislative Assembly, and a secretariat in Arusha (Tanzania). A Customs Union protocol, signed in 2004, came into effect on 1 January 2005. Regional integration remains high on the EAC's agenda with the admission of Rwanda and Burundi into the community and the ongoing negotiations for the Common Market, which was established in November 2009. As a member of IGAD (comprising Uganda, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia and Sudan), Kenya has played a key mediation role on Sudan and Somalia.

East African ...

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NEWS - KENYA

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COUNTRY STUDIES (US)


Overview: Road, rail, and air transport are all significant in Kenya, while water transport plays a minor role. All of Kenya’s transportation sectors, but particularly road and rail, are in need of stepped-up investment for better maintenance and expansion.

Roads: Kenya has an extensive 64,000-kilometer road network, about 8,000 kilometers of which are paved. The roads, ...

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Area Handbook Series
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