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Kosovo

WORLD FACTBOOK (US)


Introduction: The central Balkans were part of the Roman and Byzantine Empires before ethnic Serbs migrated to the territories of modern Kosovo in the 7th century. During the medieval period, Kosovo became the center of a Serbian Empire and saw the construction of many important Serb religious sites, including many architecturally significant Serbian Orthodox monasteries. The defeat of Serbian forces at the Battle of Kosovo in 1389 led to five centuries of Ottoman rule during which large numbers of Turks and Albanians moved to Kosovo. By the end of the 19th century, Albanians replaced the Serbs as the dominant ethnic group in Kosovo. Serbia reacquired...

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COUNTRY BRIEF (AU)


Status Process: Former Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari was appointed on 20 February 2006 as UN Special Envoy for Kosovo to oversee Kosovo's status process. He facilitated talks between negotiating teams from Belgrade and Priština; while some agreement on technical issues was reached, the parties remained diametrically opposed on the issue of status. Ahtisaari presented his final report to the UN Secretary-General on 26 March 2007. The report found that further talks would be unproductive and that the only viable option for Kosovo was 'managed independence,' with an initial period of supervision by the international community. The report concluded that ...

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BACKGROUND NOTES (US)


Government and Political Conditions: On June 15, 2008, Kosovo's constitution came into force. Under the constitution, the President of Kosovo is the head of state and serves a term of 5 years with the right to one re-election. The Prime Minister is the head of government and is elected by the Kosovo Assembly.

The unicameral Kosovo Assembly consists of 120 seats, 10 of which are reserved for ethnic Serbs, and 10 ...

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COUNTRY PROFILE (UK)


International Relations: Relations with Neighbours

Kosovo is a member of various regional bodies, such as the Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA) and Southeast European Co-operation Initiative (SECI). In its declaration of independence, Kosovo pledged 'to establish good relations with all [Kosovo's] neighbours'. It is recognised by all of the successor states to Former Yugoslavia with the exception of Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Kosovan Relations with the International Community

Kosovo is recognised by over 80 countries, including 22 EU Member States. There are currently more than thirty ...

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NEWS - KOSOVO

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