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Introduction: Lithuanian lands were united under MINDAUGAS in 1236; over the next century, through alliances and conquest, Lithuania extended its territory to include most of present-day Belarus and Ukraine. By the end of the 14th century Lithuania was the largest state in Europe. An alliance with Poland in 1386 led the two countries into a union through the person of a common ruler. In 1569, Lithuania and Poland formally united into a single dual state, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. This entity survived until 1795 when its remnants were partitioned by surrounding countries. Lithuania regained its independence following World War I but was annexed...

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Economic Overview: Lithuania’s GDP contracted 14.9 per cent in 2009 following the global financial crisis, but recovered with a 1.3 per cent increase in 2010. Further growth of 4.6 per cent is predicted for 2011. Unemployment stood at 13.8 per cent in 2009, rising to 18.1 per cent in 2010 and fell to 17.2 per cent in the first quarter of 2011, according to Statistics Lithuania.

Services have undergone rapid development since Lithuania's independence. According to official Lithuanian government sources, foreign direct investment (FDI) has grown relatively consistently over the past decade. Lithuania’s accession to the EU in 2002 is ...

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People: Lithuanians are neither Slavic nor Germanic, although the union with Poland and the colonization by Germans and Russians has influenced the culture and religious beliefs of Lithuania. This highly literate society places strong emphasis upon education, which is free and compulsory until age 16. Most Lithuanians and ethnic Poles belong to the Roman Catholic Church; the Russian Orthodox Church is ...

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International Relations: Lithuania's Relations with Neighbours

Lithuania's relations with Russia were normalised with the signing of the Agreement on the Foundations of Inter-State Relations on 29 July 1991. This was followed by the signature of a border agreement with Russia on 24 October 1997, an important step forward in their relations. Lithuania was the first former Soviet republic to conclude such an agreement. The Lithuanian Parliament ratified the agreement in October 1999 and the Duma (Russian Parliament) ratified the agreement in 2003. In May 2003 Lithuania and Russia signed a re-admission agreement.

Citizenship and ...

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