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Introduction: Part of Romania during the interwar period, Moldova was incorporated into the Soviet Union at the close of World War II. Although the country has been independent from the USSR since 1991, Russian forces have remained on Moldovan territory east of the Dniester River supporting the Slavic majority population, mostly Ukrainians and Russians, who have proclaimed a "Transnistria" republic. One of the poorest nations in Europe, Moldova became the first former Soviet state to elect a Communist, Vladimir VORONIN, as its president in 2001. VORONIN served as Moldova's president until he resigned in September 2009, following the opposition's gain of a...

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Economic Overview: Moldova is one of the poorest countries in Europe and has significant foreign debt and high unemployment. The economy is based on agriculture, including horticulture, viticulture and tobacco production. The country does not have any significant known mineral deposits and relies heavily on Russian energy.

Economic reform measures have included the introduction of a stable convertible currency and real interest rates, the end of price fixing and export controls, the privatisation of land and the eradication of preferential deals for inefficient state-owned enterprises. The continuing reliance on agriculture, however, means ...

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Government and Political Conditions: The current Moldovan government was elected in November 2010 and took office in January 2011 in a peaceful transfer of power. Three of the four parties that had formed the Alliance for European Integration (AIE) re-established the coalition government with a parliamentary majority consisting of 59 members of Parliament out of 101. Liberal Democratic Party leader Vlad Filat (PLDM, 32 seats) was ...

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International Relations: Moldova and the former Soviet bloc

Moldova is a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), but has not joined its Collective Security Treaty, the Eurasian Economic Community, or the Single Economic Space established in September 2003. Moldova hosted the CIS Summit in Chisinau on 8-9 October 2009.

Relations with Russia strengthened during former President Vladimir Voronin’s first years in power, but deteriorated after the Moldovan rejection of the Kozak memorandum in November 2003. Russia retains strong interests in Transnistria, supporting the leadership there economically and through ...

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The history of the Republic of Moldova is the history of two different regions that have been joined into one country, but not into one nation: Bessarabia and Transnistria. Bessarabia, the land between the Prut and Nistru rivers, is predominantly ethnic Romanian in population and constitutes the eastern half of a region historically known as Moldova or Moldavia (the Soviet-era Russian name). ...

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