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Introduction: Britain conquered Burma over a period of 62 years (1824-1886) and incorporated it into its Indian Empire. Burma was administered as a province of India until 1937 when it became a separate, self-governing colony; independence from the Commonwealth was attained in 1948. Gen. NE WIN dominated the government from 1962 to 1988, first as military ruler, then as self-appointed president, and later as political kingpin. In September 1988, the military deposed NE WIN and established a new ruling junta. Despite multiparty legislative elections in 1990 that resulted in the main opposition party - the National League for Democracy (NLD) - winning a...

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Sanctions: Following the Burmese authorities' crackdown on peaceful protests in September 2007, on 24 October 2007 Australia implemented bilateral financial sanctions under the Banking (Foreign Exchange) Regulations 1959 targeted against members of the Burmese regime and their associates and supporters. Under these sanctions, transactions involving the transfer of funds or payments to, by the order of, or on behalf of specified Burmese regime figures and supporters are prohibited without the specific approval of the Reserve Bank of Australia.

A full list of individuals subject to Australia's financial sanctions ...

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History: Burma was unified by Burman dynasties three times during the past millennium. The first such unification came with the rise of the Bagan (Pagan) Dynasty in 1044 AD, which is considered the "Golden Age" in Burmese history. During this period, Theravada Buddhism first made its appearance in Burma, and the Bagan kings built a massive city with thousands of pagodas and monasteries along the Irrawaddy ...

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International Relations: UK relations with Burma

The cause of democracy and respect for human rights in Burma is a high priority for the British Government. Following elections on 7 November 2010, the Foreign Secretary said: “The British Government will stand by the people of Burma and will continue to maintain pressure on the regime until we see real progress on democracy, governance and human rights” The Prime Minister takes a close interest in Burma.

As a member of the UN Security Council and of the European Union, and through sanctions and diplomatic pressure, the UK seeks to pressure the Burmese government to comply ...

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