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Introduction: In 1951, the Nepali monarch ended the century-old system of rule by hereditary premiers and instituted a cabinet system of government. Reforms in 1990 established a multiparty democracy within the framework of a constitutional monarchy. An insurgency led by Maoist extremists broke out in 1996. The ensuing 10-year civil war between insurgents and government forces witnessed the dissolution of the cabinet and parliament and assumption of absolute power by the king. Several weeks of mass protests in April 2006 were followed by several months of peace negotiations between the Maoists and government officials, and culminated in a November 2006...

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Bilateral Relationship: Australia and Nepal celebrated 50 years of diplomatic relations in 2010. Parliamentary Secretary for International Development Assistance, Bob McMullan MP, visited Nepal from 25-27 April 2010 to celebrate the anniversary. During a series of discussions with political leaders, Constituent Assembly members, and United Nations officials, Mr McMullan underlined Australia's support for Nepal's peace process and for its progress towards the health and education Millennium Development Goals.

Australia's relationship with Nepal predates the establishment in 1960 of diplomatic links. Over the years, the Australian Government and ...

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History: Early History

Modern Nepal was created in the latter half of the 18th century when Prithvi Narayan Shah, the ruler of the small principality of Gorkha, formed a unified country from a number of independent hill states. The country was frequently called the Gorkha Kingdom, the source of the term "Gurkha" used for Nepali soldiers.

After 1800, the heirs of ...

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International Relations: Nepal's relations with the UK

The UK is highly regarded in Nepal on account of our long historical ties, development assistance and long-term support for democracy and peace in Nepal.

Visits to Nepal

-- Home Office Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Equalities Office visited Nepal 13-15 June 2011

-- Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare and Veterans, MOD, visited Nepal 24-30 March 2011

-- The Minister for International Development visited Nepal 7-10 March 2011

-- The Minister for International Development ...

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Nepal has been a kingdom for at least 1,500 years. During most of that period, the Kathmandu Valley has been Nepal's political, economic, and cultural center. The valley's fertile soil supported thriving village farming communities, and its location along trans-Himalayan trade routes allowed merchants and rulers alike to profit. Since the fourth century, the people of the Kathmandu Valley have ...

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Area Handbook Series
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