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Nauru

WORLD FACTBOOK (US)


Introduction: The exact origins of the Nauruans are unclear since their language does not resemble any other in the Pacific. Germany annexed the island in 1888. A German-British consortium began mining the island's phosphate deposits early in the 20th century. Australian forces occupied Nauru in World War I; it subsequently became a League of Nations mandate. After the Second World War - and a brutal occupation by Japan - Nauru became a UN trust territory. It achieved independence in 1968 and joined the UN in 1999 as the world's smallest independent...

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COUNTRY BRIEF (AU)


Economic Overview: Nauru faces serious economic challenges. Phosphate production, which began to decline in the late 1980s (from 1.67 million tonnes in 1985-86 to 162,000 tonnes in 2001-02) halted in 2003 before recommencing in mid-2006, with steady increases each year (projected to be 450,000 metric tonnes in 2011-12, up from around 385,000 metric tonnes in 2010-11). Funds invested in trusts to provide post-mining income for Nauru are largely gone and the Nauru Government has assessed Nauru's total debt as $869 million, or 20 times current GDP (Nauru 2009-10 Budget). Only about one third is external debt. The government has developed a debt management ...

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BACKGROUND NOTES (US)


People: Nauruans descend from Polynesian and Micronesian seafarers. Grouped in clans or tribes, early Nauruans traced their descent on the female side. They believed in a female deity, Eijebong, and a spirit land, also an island, called Buitani. Two of the 12 original tribal groups became extinct during the 20th century. Because of poor diet, alcohol abuse, and a sedentary lifestyle, Nauru has one of the ...

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COUNTRY PROFILE (UK)


Geography: Nauru is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific (the others are Banaba in Kiribati and Makatea in French Polynesia). Nauru's terrain consists of a sandy beach rising to a fertile ring around raised coral reefs with a phosphate plateau in the centre. There is a small lagoon, the Buada Lagoon. Nauru's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) extends over more than 320,000km.

The interior plateau, which comprises about 60% of the land area, has been extensively mined for phosphates, leaving a jagged and pitted landscape.

The climate is tropical with occasional cyclones and a rainy season from ...

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NEWS - NAURU

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