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Papua New Guinea


Introduction: The eastern half of the island of New Guinea - second largest in the world - was divided between Germany (north) and the UK (south) in 1885. The latter area was transferred to Australia in 1902, which occupied the northern portion during World War I and continued to administer the combined areas until independence in 1975. A nine-year secessionist revolt on the island of Bougainville ended in 1997 after claiming some 20,000...

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Bilateral Relations: Introduction

Geographic proximity and historical links have given Papua New Guinea a special place in Australia's foreign relations. Thirty-five years after Papua New Guinea's independence, Australia's relationship with the country is one of our most complex and wide-ranging. Australia has a strong interest in Papua New Guinea's sustainable development and stability. The presence of approximately 10,000 Australians in Papua New Guinea is also of significant interest to the Australian Government.

Key aspects of the bilateral relationship are encompassed in a number of formal bilateral arrangements. The ...

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History: Archeological evidence indicates that humans arrived on New Guinea at least 60,000 years ago, probably by sea from Southeast Asia during an Ice Age period when the sea was lower and distances between islands shorter. Although the first arrivals were hunters and gatherers, early evidence shows that people managed the forest environment to provide food. There also are indications of gardening ...

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History: In 1884, Germany raised its flag in the north while the UK raised its own in the south. Formal division was established between German New Guinea and British Papua in 1886. British Papua was handed over to Australia in 1906. Australia took control of German New Guinea at the outbreak of the First World War. In 1949, the Trust Territory of Papua and New Guinea was given to Australia to administer until self-government on 1 December 1973. Papua New Guinea became a wholly independent State on 16 September 1975.

After 30 years of independence, PNG still faces major challenges. HIV/AIDS is growing towards southern African ...

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(K) Papua New Guinea Kina (PGK)
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