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Introduction: The principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia - for centuries under the suzerainty of the Turkish Ottoman Empire - secured their autonomy in 1856; they were de facto linked in 1859 and formally united in 1862 under the new name of Romania. The country gained recognition of its independence in 1878. It joined the Allied Powers in World War I and acquired new territories - most notably Transylvania - following the conflict. In 1940, Romania allied with the Axis powers and participated in the 1941 German invasion of the USSR. Three years later, overrun by the Soviets, Romania signed an armistice. The post-war Soviet occupation led to the...

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Economic Overview: Romania has a population of 21.4 million (2010 est.), GDP of US$252.2 billion and an estimated GDP per capita of US$11,767 (2010). Principal export destinations are Germany, Italy, and France, while the main import sources are Germany, Italy and Hungary (see Romania - Fact Sheet). Romania's economy is largely based on services, which contribute 52.6 per cent of GDP. Industry constitutes the second largest sector at around 35 per cent, followed by agriculture at 12.4 per cent (which provides employment for about 29.7 per cent of the labour force). Unemployment was estimated at 8 per cent in 2010 with a downward trend. The IMF projection for ...

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People: About 89% of the people are ethnic Romanians, a group that -- in contrast to its Slav or Hungarian neighbors -- traces itself to Latin-speaking Romans, who in the second and third centuries A.D. conquered and settled among the ancient Dacians, a Thracian people. As a result, the Romanian language, although containing elements of Slavic, Turkish, and other languages, is a Romance language related ...

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International Relations: European Union

Romania joined the EU on 1 January 2007. Romania elected 33 MEPs in the European elections of June 2009. PD-L and the PSD-PC alliance got the highest number of seats (11 each), followed PNL (5 seats), UDMR (4 seats), Romanian National Party (PRM) (2 seats).


Romania joined NATO in 2004 and hosted the NATO Summit in Bucharest in 2008.

Romania's relations with the UK

Relations between the UK and Romania are very strong. The UK supported Romania’s membership of NATO and was the strongest supporter of Romania’s accession to ...

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Man first appeared in the lands that now constitute Romania during the Pleistocene Epoch, a period of advancing and receding glacial ice that began about 600,000 years ago. Once the glaciers had withdrawn completely, a humid climate prevailed in the area and thick forests covered the terrain. During the Neolithic Age, beginning about 5500 B.C., Indo-European people lived in the region. The ...

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Area Handbook Series
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