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Introduction: The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes was formed in 1918; its name was changed to Yugoslavia in 1929. Various paramilitary bands resisted Nazi Germany's occupation and division of Yugoslavia from 1941 to 1945, but fought each other and ethnic opponents as much as the invaders. The military and political movement headed by Josip "TITO" Broz (Partisans) took full control of Yugoslavia when German and Croatian separatist forces were defeated in 1945. Although Communist, TITO's new government and his successors (he died in 1980) managed to steer their own path between the Warsaw Pact nations and the West for the next four and a half...

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Political: The National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia is a 250-seat unicameral legislative body. Deputies are elected for four-year terms under a 'party list' system. The most recent Serbian parliamentary elections were held on 11 May 2008 with a turnout of 61.35 per cent. Final results from Serbia's Electoral Commission show 38.4 per cent of the vote was won by the 'For a European Serbia' coalition, 29.45 per cent by the nationalist Serbian Radical Party (SRS), 11.61 per cent by Democratic Party of Serbia (DSS) and 7.58 per cent by the Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS). The most pro-Western Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) polled almost the same as ...

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Government and Political Conditions: After two rounds of voting in late 2002 and a third in November 2003 failed because of insufficient voter turnout, the election law was changed to allow for a valid election with turnout of less than 50% of registered voters. In elections held on June 27, 2004 Boris Tadic (DS) defeated Radical Party candidate Tomislav Nikolic by a slim margin and was elected President of Serbia.

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International Relations: Relations with the International Community

Following the events of October 2000, the authorities of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) made great efforts to rebuild links with the international community that were destroyed under Slobodan Milosevic. Soon after the removal of Milosevic, FRY rejoined the United Nations. FRY also joined various other international organisations, including the IMF, OSCE and the Council of Europe.

In the UK, our assessment is clear: Serbia's future lies in its integration into Euro-Atlantic structures, and close relations with its neighbours and the international ...

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