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Solomon Islands


Introduction: The UK established a protectorate over the Solomon Islands in the 1890s. Some of the most bitter fighting of World War II occurred on this archipelago. Self-government was achieved in 1976 and independence two years later. Ethnic violence, government malfeasance, and endemic crime have undermined stability and civil society. In June 2003, then Prime Minister Sir Allan KEMAKEZA sought the assistance of Australia in reestablishing law and order; the following month, an Australian-led multinational force arrived to restore peace and disarm ethnic militias. The Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) has generally been...

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Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI): In April 2003, then Solomon Islands Prime Minister Sir Allan Kemakeza wrote to request Australian assistance in addressing the violence. Following consultations between the governments of Solomon Islands, Australia and New Zealand, a comprehensive package of strengthened assistance to support the Solomon Islands Government — the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI) — was proposed and unanimously endorsed by a meeting of the Foreign Ministers of the Pacific Islands Forum. RAMSI was debated and unanimously endorsed by the Solomon Islands Parliament, welcomed by the President of the UN Security Council, commended by then ...

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People: Solomon Islanders comprise diverse cultures, languages, and customs. Ninety-three percent are Melanesian, 4% Polynesian, and 1.5% Micronesian. In addition, small numbers of Europeans and Chinese are registered. About 120 vernacular languages are spoken.

Most people reside in small, widely dispersed settlements along the coasts. Sixty percent live in localities with fewer than ...

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Climate Change: As a Least Developed Country (LDC) and a Small Island Developing State (SIDS) Solomon Islands is extremely vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. Sea level rise is already causing significant damage to rural infrastructure including wharves and roads. Salt-water intrusion, as a result of King Tides, is affecting food security and heavier, more frequent and less predictable rainfall has caused flash floods. The Government is, therefore, currently looking at options for the resettlement of parts of the population in particularly low lying coastal and riverside areas. Given the constraints of the customary land system this is ...

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