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El Salvador


Introduction: El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political...

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History: The Pipil Indians, descendants of the Aztecs, and the Pocomames and Lencas were the original inhabitants of El Salvador.

The first Salvadoran territory visited by Spaniards was Meanguera Island, located in the Gulf of Fonseca, where Spanish Admiral Andres Nino led an expedition to Central America and disembarked on May 31, 1522. In June 1524, the Spanish Captain Pedro de ...

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History: 300-600 El Salvador forms part of the Mayan Empire.
1524 Spanish adventurer Pedro de Alvarado conquers El Salvador.
1540 Indigenous resistance finally crushed and El Salvador becomes a Spanish colony.
1821 El Salvador gains independence from Spain but joins the Mexican empire.
1823 El Salvador becomes part of the United Provinces of Central America, which also encompass Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua.
1840 El Salvador becomes fully independent following the dissolution of the United Provinces of Central America.
1859 President Gerardo Barrios introduces coffee growing.
1932 Some 30,000 are ...

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When the Spanish first ventured into Central America from the colony of New Spain (Mexico) in the early sixteenth century, the area that would become El Salvador was populated primarily by Indians of the Pipil tribe. The Pipil were a subgroup of a nomadic people known as the Nahua, who had migrated into Central America about 3000 B.C. The Nahua eventually fell under the sway of the Maya Empire, ...

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