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Timor-Leste

WORLD FACTBOOK (US)


Introduction: The Portuguese began to trade with the island of Timor in the early 16th century and colonized it in mid-century. Skirmishing with the Dutch in the region eventually resulted in an 1859 treaty in which Portugal ceded the western portion of the island. Imperial Japan occupied Portuguese Timor from 1942 to 1945, but Portugal resumed colonial authority after the Japanese defeat in World War II. East Timor declared itself independent from Portugal on 28 November 1975 and was invaded and occupied by Indonesian forces nine days later. It was incorporated into Indonesia in July 1976 as the province of Timor Timur (East Timor). An unsuccessful...

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COUNTRY BRIEF (AU)


Economic Overview: East Timor is one of the poorest countries in the Asia-Pacific region. It was ranked 120 out of 169 countries in the 2010 UN Human Development Report. While it scores poorly in the UN Development Program's indicators, the situation is improving with East Timor moving up the ranking by eleven in the last five years and improving its score to the point where the UN now considers it to have medium, rather than low, human development.

While it has made significant progress in building an institutional framework to support economic development and promote macroeconomic stability, East Timor's economy remains fragile. Following ...

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BACKGROUND NOTES (US)


History: Portuguese and Dutch traders made the first western contact with Timor in the early 16th century. Sandalwood and spice traders as well as missionaries maintained sporadic contact with the island until 1642, when the Portuguese moved into Timor in strength. The Portuguese and the Dutch, based at the western end of the island in Kupang, battled for influence until agreeing to the present-day ...

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COUNTRY PROFILE (UK)


International Relations: East Timor joined the United Nations on 27 September 2002. It became a member of the Non Aligned Movement on 24 February 2003 and, in July 2005, a member of the ASEAN Regional Forum. The country has signalled its wish to join ASEAN (the South East Asian grouping). East Timor's key bilateral relationships are with Indonesia, Australia and Portugal.

Relations between East Timor and Indonesia

The two countries have full diplomatic relations. A Joint Ministerial Commission for Bilateral Co-operation to address social and border issues, co-operation on trade and finance, educational and cultural affairs, ...

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NEWS - TIMOR-LESTE

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