Houston, we have a problem: Unknown MySQL server host 'data.weatherbase.com:3306' (1)Houston, we have a problem: Unknown MySQL server host 'data.weatherbase.com:3306' (1) Factba.se: Country Facts - Turkmenistan
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Turkmenistan

WORLD FACTBOOK (US)


Introduction: Eastern Turkmenistan for centuries formed part of the Persian province of Khurasan; in medieval times Merv (today known as Mary) was one of the great cities of the Islamic world and an important stop on the Silk Road. Annexed by Russia between 1865 and 1885, Turkmenistan became a Soviet republic in 1924. It achieved independence upon the dissolution of the USSR in 1991. Extensive hydrocarbon/natural gas reserves could prove a boon to this underdeveloped country once extraction and delivery projects are expanded. The Turkmen Government is actively working to diversify its gas export routes beyond the still dominant Russian pipeline network....

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BACKGROUND NOTES (US)


Government and Political Conditions: Although the constitution declares the country to be a secular democracy and presidential republic, Turkmenistan is an authoritarian state that was dominated by its first president, Saparmyrat Niyazov, who retained his monopoly on political power until his death on December 21, 2006. The Halk Maslahaty (People's Council) decided on December 26 to select Niyazov's successor through public ...

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COUNTRY PROFILE (UK)


Geography: Turkmenistan is bordered by Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and the Caspian Sea. Mostly desert, Turkmenistan is split into five administrative regions (welayatlar). It has the smallest population of the five former Soviet Republics in Central ...

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NEWS - TURKMENISTAN

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COUNTRY STUDIES (US)


Like the other Central Asian republics, Turkmenistan underwent the intrusion and rule of several foreign powers before falling under first Russian and then Soviet control in the modern era. Most notable were the Mongols and the Uzbek khanates, the latter of which dominated the indigenous Oghuz tribes until Russian incursions began in the late nineteenth ...

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Area Handbook Series
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