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Introduction: Tonga - unique among Pacific nations - never completely lost its indigenous governance. The archipelagos of "The Friendly Islands" were united into a Polynesian kingdom in 1845. Tonga became a constitutional monarchy in 1875 and a British protectorate in 1900; it withdrew from the protectorate and joined the Commonwealth of Nations in 1970. Tonga remains the only monarchy in the...

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Foreign Relations: Tonga is an active member of the Pacific Islands Forum, the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) and the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP). Tonga has been influential on a number of regional issues including transport, telecommunications and fisheries. The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) has an office in Nuku'alofa.

Tonga joined the United Nations in 1999 and has been a member of the World Trade Organization since July 2007. In April 2011 Tonga was elected to the council for the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA).

The TDS contributed 200 ...

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People: Tongans, a Polynesian group with a very small mixture of Melanesian, represent more than 98% of the inhabitants. The rest are European, mixed European, and other Pacific Islanders. There are also about a thousand Chinese immigrants.

More than two-thirds of the population of the Kingdom of Tonga live on its main island, Tongatapu. An increasing number of Tongans have moved into ...

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International Relations: Tonga's relations with its neighbours

Tonga is an active and long-standing member of the Pacific Islands Forum.

Tonga's relations with the international community

Tonga has been one of the most proactive small states in the Pacific. It was quick to give support to the Coalition of the Willing, sending troops to Iraq, has passed and implemented Counter-Terrorism Committee and shipping legislation and sent troops to the Solomon Islands in support of RAMSI. Tonga is an active member of the UN and of the Commonwealth.

Tonga's relations with the UK

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