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Introduction: Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule ended in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities. The formation of a government of national unity between Zanzibar's two leading parties succeeded in minimizing electoral tension in...

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History: Consensus scientific opinion places human origins in the Great Rift Valley, which dominates the landscape of much of East Africa. Northern Tanzania's Olduvai Gorge has provided rich evidence of the area's prehistory, including fossil remains of some of humanity's earliest ancestors.

Interior Tanzania's great cultural and linguistic diversity is due to the various histories of ...

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International Relations: East African Community (http://www.eac.int/)

The East African Community (EAC), consisting of Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya, Burundi and Rwanda, was formally launched in January 2001. It has a parliament, the East African Legislative Assembly, and a secretariat in Arusha (Tanzania). A Common Market protocol came into effect on 1 July 2010, and the EAC has ambitious plans geared towards forming a political federation by 2015.

Great Lakes Regional conflict

Tanzania has been affected by the prolonged crisis in the Great Lakes region. For decades Tanzania has hosted one of the largest refugee ...

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