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Introduction: The conquest of Vietnam by France began in 1858 and was completed by 1884. It became part of French Indochina in 1887. Vietnam declared independence after World War II, but France continued to rule until its 1954 defeat by Communist forces under Ho Chi MINH. Under the Geneva Accords of 1954, Vietnam was divided into the Communist North and anti-Communist South. US economic and military aid to South Vietnam grew through the 1960s in an attempt to bolster the government, but US armed forces were withdrawn following a cease-fire agreement in 1973. Two years later, North Vietnamese forces overran the South reuniting the country under Communist...

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High-Level Visits to Australia: High-level visits to Australia over recent years have served to maintain and deepen the bilateral relationship. Recent visits include:

-- 2010 -- Minister of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs, Mme Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan

-- 2010 -- Minister of Planning and Investment, Mr Vo Hong Phuc, accompanied by Vice Minister Le Duong Quang from Vietnam’s Ministry of Industry and Trade (for the 9th meeting of the Australia-Vietnam Joint Trade and Economic Cooperation Committee)

-- 2010 -- Vice President of Vietnam’s National Assembly, Mr Uong Chu Luu, accompanied by a Parliamentary Delegation ...

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History: Vietnam's identity has been shaped by long-running conflicts, both internally and with foreign forces. In 111 BC, China's Han dynasty conquered northern Vietnam's Red River Delta and the ancestors of today's Vietnamese. Chinese dynasties ruled Vietnam for the next 1,000 years, inculcating it with Confucian ideas and political culture, but also leaving a tradition of resistance to foreign ...

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International Relations: Following years of isolation, Vietnam has sought to reach out and rejoin the world since the early 1990s. Vietnam joined ASEAN in 1995 and, in 2004, hosted the Fifth Asia-Europe Meeting of world leaders in Hanoi. Vietnam is the 2010 ASEAN Chair. Vietnam hosted the APEC Summit in November 2006 and joined the WTO in January 2007. Vietnam took its place on the Security Council in January 2008, a seat it held for two years. In 2011 Vietnam stated a move to a foreign relations policy of “Global Integration” from “Global Economic Integration” and that it would undertake a more active economic role.

Vietnam’s ...

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The Vietnamese trace the origins of their culture and nation to the fertile plains of the Red River Delta in northern Vietnam. After centuries of developing a civilization and economy based on the cultivation of irrigated rice, the Vietnamese began expanding southward in search of new ricelands. Moving down the narrow coastal plain of the Indochina Peninsula, through conquest and pioneering ...

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Area Handbook Series
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