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Introduction: Multiple waves of colonizers, each speaking a distinct language, migrated to the New Hebrides in the millennia preceding European exploration in the 18th century. This settlement pattern accounts for the complex linguistic diversity found on the archipelago to this day. The British and French, who settled the New Hebrides in the 19th century, agreed in 1906 to an Anglo-French Condominium, which administered the islands until independence in 1980, when the new name of Vanuatu was...

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Economic Overview: Most of Vanuatu's population lives in rural areas where agriculture is the main source of their livelihood. While this consists mostly of small-scale or subsistence farming and fishing, agriculture, particularly beef cattle, is also an important export industry.

Vanuatu's economic growth is driven largely by tourism and construction. Tourism and tourism- related services sectors (wholesale and retail trade, hotels and restaurants, and transport and communication) account for approximately 40 per cent of GDP and one third of people in formal employment. Construction activity is being driven by private-sector retail and ...

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People: The population of Vanuatu is 94% indigenous Melanesian. About 44,040 live in the capital, Port Vila. Another 13,167 live in Luganville (or Santo Town) on Espiritu Santo. The remainder live in rural areas. Approximately 2,000 ni-Vanuatu live and work in New Caledonia. Although local pidgin, called Bislama, is the national language, English and French also are official languages. Indigenous ...

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History: Formerly the British/French Condominium of the New Hebrides (created in 1906 as a response to German expansion in the region), Vanuatu gained its independence on 31 July 1980.

Despite its numerous changes of government in recent years, Vanuatu is generally one of the most socially stable and peaceful countries within the ...

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