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Introduction: New Zealand occupied the German protectorate of Western Samoa at the outbreak of World War I in 1914. It continued to administer the islands as a mandate and then as a trust territory until 1962, when the islands became the first Polynesian nation to reestablish independence in the 20th century. The country dropped the "Western" from its name in...

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Foreign Relations: Samoa is an active member of the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF), the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) and the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), which is based in Samoa. The Pacific regional office of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is also located in Apia as are regional offices of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the World Health Organization (WHO). The Pacific Transnational Crime Coordination Centre relocated to Apia (from Suva) in January 2008.

Samoa applied for ...

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History: Migrants from Southeast Asia arrived in the Samoan islands more than 2,000 years ago and from there settled the rest of Polynesia further to the east. Contact with Europeans began in the early 1700s but did not intensify until the arrival of English missionaries and traders in the 1830s. At the turn of the 20th century, the Samoan islands were split into two sections. The eastern islands became ...

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International Relations: Samoa is an active member of the Pacific Islands Forum. The South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) and the Pacific regional office of the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) are located in Samoa.

Samoa is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth and the ACP grouping, which allows it access to European Union development funding. Samoa's international interests are mainly economic and environmental.

Samoa has no standing army and responsibility for security rests with the Samoan Police. Samoan Police have participated in UN and other international peacekeeping missions ...

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