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GEOGRAPHY


Location:

 Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and New Zealand

Geographic Coordinates:

 14 20 S, 170 00 W

Area:

 Total: 199 sq km
Land: 199 sq km
Water: 0 sq km

Note: includes Rose Island and Swains Island

Area - Comparative:

 Slightly larger than Washington, DC

Land Boundaries:

 0 km

Coastline:

 116 km (Rank: 163)

Maritime Claims:

 Territorial sea: 12 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate:

 Tropical marine, moderated by southeast trade winds; annual rainfall averages about 3 m; rainy season (November to April), dry season (May to October); little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain:

 Five volcanic islands with rugged peaks and limited coastal plains, two coral atolls (Rose Island, Swains Island)

Elevation Extremes:

 Lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Highest point: Lata Mountain 964 m

Natural Resources:

 Pumice, pumicite

Land Use:

 Arable land: 10%
Permanent crops: 15%
Other: 75% (2005)

Natural Hazards:

 Typhoons common from December to March

Volcanism: American Samoa experiences limited volcanic activity on the Ofu and Olosega Islands, neither has erupted since the 19th century

Environment - Current Issues:

 Limited natural freshwater resources; the water division of the government has spent substantial funds in the past few years to improve water catchments and pipelines

Geography - Note:

 Pago Pago has one of the best natural deepwater harbors in the South Pacific Ocean, sheltered by shape from rough seas and protected by peripheral mountains from high winds; strategic location in the South Pacific Ocean

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PEOPLE AND SOCIETY


Nationality:

 Noun: American Samoan(s) (US nationals)
Adjective: American Samoan

Ethnic Groups:

 Native Pacific islander 91.6%, Asian 2.8%, white 1.1%, mixed 4.2%, other 0.3% (2000 census)

Languages:

 Samoan 90.6% (closely related to Hawaiian and other Polynesian languages), English 2.9%, Tongan 2.4%, other Pacific islander 2.1%, other 2%

Note: most people are bilingual (2000 census)

Religions:

 Christian Congregationalist 50%, Roman Catholic 20%, Protestant and other 30%

Population:

 67,242 (July 2011 est.)

Age Structure:

 0-14 years: 31.9% (male 10,910/female 10,518)
15-64 years: 63.9% (male 21,764/female 21,228)
65 years and over: 4.2% (male 1,322/female 1,500) (2011 est.)

Median Age:

 Total: 23.7 years
Male: 23.6 years
Female: 23.9 years (2011 est.)

Population Growth Rate:

 1.211% (2011 est.)

Birth Rate:

 22.84 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Death Rate:

 4.1 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)

Net Migration Rate:

 -6.63 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Urbanization:

 Urban population: 93% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization: 1.8% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Cities - Population:

 PAGO PAGO (capital) 60,000 (2009)

Sex Ratio:

 At birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
Total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate:

 Total: 9.66 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 12.56 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 6.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)

Life Expectancy At Birth:

 Total population: 74.21 years
Male: 71.27 years
Female: 77.32 years (2011 est.)

Total Fertility Rate:

 3.16 children born/woman (2011 est.)

Obesity - Adult Prevalence Rate:

 74.6% (2007)

Literacy:

 Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 97%
Male: 98%
Female: 97% (1980 est.)

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GOVERNMENT


Country Name:

 Conventional long form: Territory of American Samoa
Conventional short form: American Samoa
Abbreviation: AS

Capital:

 Name: Pago Pago
Geographic coordinates: 14 16 S, 170 42 W
Time difference: UTC-11 (6 hours behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative Divisions:

 None (territory of the US); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are three districts and two islands* at the second order; Eastern, Manu'a, Rose Island*, Swains Island*, Western

Dependency Status:

 Unincorporated and unorganized territory of the US; administered by the Office of Insular Affairs, US Department of the Interior

Independence:

 None (territory of the US)

National Holiday:

 Flag Day, 17 April (1900)

Constitution:

 Ratified 2 June 1966; effective 1 July 1967

Legal System:

 Mixed legal system of US common law and customary law

Suffrage:

 18 years of age; universal

Executive Branch:

 Chief of state: President Barack H. OBAMA (since 20 January 2009); Vice President Joseph R. BIDEN (since 20 January 2009)

Head of government: Governor Togiola TULAFONO (since 7 April 2003)

Cabinet: Cabinet made up of 12 department directors

Elections: under the US Constitution, residents of unincorporated territories, such as American Samoa, do not vote in elections for US president and vice president; however, they may vote in Democratic and Republican presidential primary elections; governor and lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms (eligible for a second term); election last held on 4 and 18 November 2008 (next to be held in November 2012)

Election results: Togiola TULAFONO reelected governor; percent of vote - Togiola TULAFONO 56.5%, Afoa Moega LUTU 43.5%

Legislative Branch:

 Bicameral Fono or Legislative Assembly consists of the Senate (18 seats; members are elected from local chiefs to serve four-year terms)and the House of Representatives (21 seats; 20 members are elected by popular vote and 1 is an appointed, nonvoting delegate from Swains Island; members serve two-year terms)

Elections: House of Representatives - last held on 2 November 2010 (next to be held in November 2012); Senate - last held on 4 November 2008 (next to be held in November 2012)

Election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - independents 20; Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - independents 18

Note: American Samoa elects one nonvoting representative to the US House of Representatives; election last held on 2 November 2010 (next to be held in November 2012); results - Eni F. H. FALEOMAVAEGA reelected as delegate

Judicial Branch:

 High Court (chief justice and associate justices are appointed by the US Secretary of the Interior)

Political Parties and Leaders:

 Democratic Party [Oreta M. TOGAFAU]; Republican Party [Tautai A. F. FAALEVAO]

Political Pressure Groups and Leaders:

 Population Pressure LAS (addresses the growing population pressures)

International Organization Participation:

 AOSIS, Interpol (subbureau), IOC, SPC, UPU

Diplomatic Representation in the US:

 None (territory of the US)

Diplomatic Representation From the US:

 None (territory of the US)

Flag Description:

 Blue, with a white triangle edged in red that is based on the fly side and extends to the hoist side; a brown and white American bald eagle flying toward the hoist side is carrying two traditional Samoan symbols of authority, a war club known as a "Fa'alaufa'i" (upper; left talon), and a coconut fiber fly whisk known as a "Fue" (lower; right talon); the combination of symbols broadly mimics that seen on the US Great Seal and reflects the relationship between the United States and American Samoa

National Anthem:

 Name: "Amerika Samoa" (American Samoa)
Lyrics/music: Mariota Tiumalu TUIASOSOPO/Napoleon Andrew TUITELELEAPAGA

Note: local anthem adopted 1950; as a territory of the United States, "The Star-Spangled Banner" is official (see United States)

Affiliation:

 (territory of the US)

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ECONOMY


Economy - Overview:

 American Samoa has a traditional Polynesian economy in which more than 90% of the land is communally owned. Economic activity is strongly linked to the US with which American Samoa conducts most of its commerce. Tuna fishing and tuna processing plants are the backbone of the private sector, with canned tuna the primary export. The two tuna canneries account for 80% of employment. In late September 2009, an earthquake and the resulting tsunami devastated American Samoa and nearby Samoa, disrupting transportation and power generation, and resulting in about 200 deaths. The US Federal Emergency Management Agency is overseeing a relief program of nearly $25 million. Transfers from the US Government add substantially to American Samoa's economic well being. Attempts by the government to develop a larger and broader economy are restrained by Samoa's remote location, its limited transportation, and its devastating hurricanes. Tourism is a promising developing sector.

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity):

 $575.3 million (2007 est.)
$510.1 million (2003 est.)

GDP (Official Exchange Rate):

 $462.2 million (2005)

GDP - Real Growth Rate:

 3% (2003)

GDP - Per Capita (PPP):

 $8,000 (2007 est.)
$5,800 (2005 est.)

GDP - Composition By Sector:

 Agriculture: NA%
Industry: NA%
Services: NA%

Labor Force:

 17,630 (2005)

Labor Force - By Occupation:

 Agriculture: 34%
Industry: 33%
Services: 33% (1990)

Unemployment Rate:

 29.8% (2005)

Population Below Poverty Line:

 NA%

Household Income / Consumption By Share:

 Lowest 10%: NA%
Highest 10%: NA%

Budget:

 Revenues: $155.4 million (FY07)
Expenditures: $183.6 million (FY07)

Taxes and Other Revenues:

 33.6% of GDP (FY07)

Budget Surplus / Deficit:

 -6.1% of GDP (FY07)

Inflation Rate (Consumer Prices):

 NA%

Agriculture - Products:

 Bananas, coconuts, vegetables, taro, breadfruit, yams, copra, pineapples, papayas; dairy products, livestock

Industries:

 Tuna canneries (largely supplied by foreign fishing vessels), handicrafts

Industrial Production Growth Rate:

 NA%

Electricity - Production:

 190 million kWh (2008 est.)

Electricity - Production By Source:

 Fossil fuel: 100%
Hydro: 0%
Nuclear: 0%
Other: 0% (2001)

Electricity - Consumption:

 176.7 million kWh (2008 est.)

Electricity - Exports:

 0 kWh (2009 est.)

Electricity - Imports:

 0 kWh (2009 est.)

Oil - Production:

 0 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Oil - Consumption:

 4,400 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Oil - Exports:

 0 bbl/day (2009 est.)

Oil - Imports:

 4,440 bbl/day (2009 est.)

Oil - Proven Reserves:

 0 bbl (1 January 2011 est.)

Natural Gas - Production:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Consumption:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Exports:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Imports:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Proven Reserves:

 0 cu m (1 January 2011 est.)

Exports:

 $445.6 million (FY04 est.)

Exports - Commodities:

 Canned tuna 93%

Imports:

 $308.8 million (FY04 est.)

Imports - Commodities:

 Raw materials for canneries 56%, food, petroleum products, machinery and parts

Exchange Rates:

 Convert United States Dollar to Any Currency

The US dollar is used

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COMMUNICATIONS


Telephones - Main Lines In Use:

 10,400 (2010)

Telephones - Cellular:

 2,200 (2004)

Telephone System:

 General assessment: NA

Domestic: good telex, telegraph, facsimile, and cellular telephone services; domestic satellite system with 1 Comsat earth station

International: country code - 1-684; satellite earth station - 1 (Intelsat-Pacific Ocean)

Broadcast Media:

 3 television stations broadcasting; multi-channel pay-per-view television services are available; about a dozen radio stations, some of which are repeater stations (2009)

Radio Broadcast Stations:

 AM 2, FM 3, shortwave 0 (2005)

Television Broadcast Stations:

 1 (2006)

Internet Country Code:

 .as

Internet Hosts:

 1,676 (2010)

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TRANSPORTATION


Airports:

 3 (2010)

Airports - With Paved Runways:

 Total: 3
Over 3,047 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1
Under 914 m: 1 (2010)

Roadways:

 Total: 241 km (2008)

Ports and Terminals:

 Pago Pago

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MILITARY


Manpower Fit For Military Service:

 Males age 16-49: 14,562
Females age 16-49: 14,129 (2010 est.)

Manpower Reaching Militarily Significant Age Annually:

 Male: 775
Female: 762 (2010 est.)

Military - Note:

 Defense is the responsibility of the US

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TRANSNATIONAL ISSUES


Disputes - International:

 Tokelau included American Samoa's Swains Island (Olohega) in its 2006 draft independence constitution

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Last Updated: December 2011

American Samoa Main Page World Factbook Main Page






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