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INTRODUCTION


 
Close ties to France since independence in 1960, the development of cocoa production for export, and foreign investment made Cote d'Ivoire one of the most prosperous of the West African states, but did not protect it from political turmoil. In December 1999, a military coup - the first ever in Cote d'Ivoire's history - overthrew the government. Junta leader Robert GUEI blatantly rigged elections held in late 2000 and declared himself the winner. Popular protest forced him to step aside and brought Laurent GBAGBO into power. Ivorian dissidents and disaffected members of the military launched a failed coup attempt in September 2002. Rebel forces claimed the northern half of the country, and in January 2003 were granted ministerial positions in a unity government under the auspices of the Linas-Marcoussis Peace... See More



GEOGRAPHY


Location:

 Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Ghana and Liberia

Geographic Coordinates:

 8 00 N, 5 00 W

Area:

 Total: 322,463 sq km
Land: 318,003 sq km
Water: 4,460 sq km

Area - Comparative:

 Slightly larger than New Mexico

Land Boundaries:

 Total: 3,110 km
Border countries: Burkina Faso 584 km, Ghana 668 km, Guinea 610 km, Liberia 716 km, Mali 532 km

Coastline:

 515 km (Rank: 106)

Maritime Claims:

 Territorial sea: 12 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Continental shelf: 200 nm

Climate:

 Tropical along coast, semiarid in far north; three seasons - warm and dry (November to March), hot and dry (March to May), hot and wet (June to October)

Terrain:

 Mostly flat to undulating plains; mountains in northwest

Elevation Extremes:

 Lowest point: Gulf of Guinea 0 m
Highest point: Monts Nimba 1,752 m

Natural Resources:

 Petroleum, natural gas, diamonds, manganese, iron ore, cobalt, bauxite, copper, gold, nickel, tantalum, silica sand, clay, cocoa beans, coffee, palm oil, hydropower

Land Use:

 Arable land: 10.23%
Permanent crops: 11.16%
Other: 78.61% (2005)

Irrigated Land:

 730 sq km (2008)

Total Renewable Water Resources:

 81 cu km (2001)

Freshwater Withdrawal:

 Total: 0.93 cu km/yr (24%/12%/65%)
Per capita: 51 cu m/yr (2000)

Natural Hazards:

 Coast has heavy surf and no natural harbors; during the rainy season torrential flooding is possible

Environment - Current Issues:

 Deforestation (most of the country's forests - once the largest in West Africa - have been heavily logged); water pollution from sewage and industrial and agricultural effluents

Environment - International Agreements:

 Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling

Signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - Note:

 Most of the inhabitants live along the sandy coastal region; apart from the capital area, the forested interior is sparsely populated

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PEOPLE AND SOCIETY


Nationality:

 Noun: Ivoirian(s)
Adjective: Ivoirian

Ethnic Groups:

 Akan 42.1%, Voltaiques or Gur 17.6%, Northern Mandes 16.5%, Krous 11%, Southern Mandes 10%, other 2.8% (includes 130,000 Lebanese and 14,000 French) (1998)

Languages:

 French (official), 60 native dialects of which Dioula is the most widely spoken

Religions:

 Muslim 38.6%, Christian 32.8%, indigenous 11.9%, none 16.7% (2008 est.)

Note: the majority of foreigners (migratory workers) are Muslim (70%) and Christian (20%)

Population:

 21,504,162 (July 2011 est.)

Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Age Structure:

 0-14 years: 39.8% (male 4,312,133/female 4,240,500)
15-64 years: 57.2% (male 6,262,802/female 6,039,458)
65 years and over: 3% (male 320,396/female 328,873) (2011 est.)

Median Age:

 Total: 19.6 years
Male: 19.7 years
Female: 19.5 years (2011 est.)

Population Growth Rate:

 2.078% (2011 est.)

Birth Rate:

 30.95 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Death Rate:

 10.16 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)

Net Migration Rate:

 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population NA (2011 est.)

Urbanization:

 Urban population: 51% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization: 3.7% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Cities - Population:

 ABIDJAN (seat of government) 4.009 million; YAMOUSSOUKRO (capital) 808,000 (2009)

Sex Ratio:

 At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.99 male(s)/female
Total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate:

 470 deaths/100,000 live births (2008)

Infant Mortality Rate:

 Total: 64.78 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 71.54 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 57.83 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)

Life Expectancy At Birth:

 Total population: 56.78 years
Male: 55.79 years
Female: 57.81 years (2011 est.)

Total Fertility Rate:

 3.92 children born/woman (2011 est.)

Health Expenditures:

 5.1% of GDP (2009)

Physicians Density:

 0.144 physicians/1,000 population (2008)

Hospital Bed Density:

 0.4 beds/1,000 population (2006)

Drinking Water Source:

 Urban: 93% of population
Rural: 68% of population
Total: 80% of population
Unimproved:
Urban: 7% of population
Rural: 32% of population
Total: 20% of population (2008)

Sanitation Facility Access:

 Urban: 36% of population
Rural: 11% of population
Total: 23% of population
Unimproved:
Urban: 64% of population
Rural: 89% of population
Total: 77% of population (2008)

HIV/AIDS - Adult Prevalence Rate:

 3.4% (2009 est.)

HIV/AIDS - People Living With HIV/AIDS:

 450,000 (2009 est.)

HIV/AIDS - Deaths:

 36,000 (2009 est.)

Major Infectious Diseases:

 Degree of risk: very high
Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne diseases: malaria and yellow fever
Water contact: schistosomiasis
Animal contact disease: rabies

Note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)

Children Under 5 - Underweight:

 16.7% (2006)

Education Expenditures:

 4.6% of GDP (2008)

Literacy:

 Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 48.7%
Male: 60.8%
Female: 38.6% (2000 est.)

Average Years of Schooling:

 Total: 6 years
Male: 8 years
Female: 5 years (2000)

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GOVERNMENT


Country Name:

 Conventional long form: Republic of Cote d'Ivoire
Conventional short form: Cote d'Ivoire
Local long form: Republique de Cote d'Ivoire
Local short form: Cote d'Ivoire

Note: pronounced coat-div-whar
Former: Ivory Coast

Government Type:

 Republic; multiparty presidential regime established 1960

Note: the government is currently disputed as of 31 January 2011, with both candidates in the runoff claiming victory

Capital:

 Name: Yamoussoukro
Geographic coordinates: 6 49 N, 5 17 W
Time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Note: although Yamoussoukro has been the official capital since 1983, Abidjan remains the commercial and administrative center; the US, like other countries, maintains its Embassy in Abidjan

Administrative Divisions:

 19 regions; Agneby, Bafing, Bas-Sassandra, Denguele, Dix-Huit Montagnes, Fromager, Haut-Sassandra, Lacs, Lagunes, Marahoue, Moyen-Cavally, Moyen-Comoe, N'zi-Comoe, Savanes, Sud-Bandama, Sud-Comoe, Vallee du Bandama, Worodougou, Zanzan

Independence:

 7 August 1960 (from France)

National Holiday:

 Independence Day, 7 August (1960)

Constitution:

 Approved by referendum 23 July 2000

Legal System:

 Civil law system based on the French civil code; judicial review in the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court

International Law Organization Participation:

 Accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction under Article 12(3)of the Rome Statute

Suffrage:

 18 years of age; universal

Executive Branch:

 Chief of state: President Alassane OUATTARA (since 4 December 2010);

Head of government: Prime Minister Guillaume SORO (since 4 April 2007);

Cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president

Elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (no term limits); election last held on 31 October and 28 November 2010 (next to be held in 2015); prime minister appointed by the president

Election results: Alassane OUATTARA elected president; percent of vote - Alassane OUATTARA 54.1%, Laurent GBAGBO 45.9%; note - President OUATTARA was declared winner by the election commission and took the oath of office on 4 December, Prime Minister SORO resigned from the incumbent administration and was subsequently appointed to the same position by OUATTARA; former president GBAGBO refused to cede resulting in a 6-month stand-off, he was finally forced to stand down in April 2011

Legislative Branch:

 Unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (225 seats; members elected in single- and multi-district elections by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Elections: elections last held on 10 December 2000 with by-elections on 14 January 2001 (elections originally scheduled for 2005 have been repeatedly postponed by the government)

Election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - FPI 96, PDCI-RDA 94, RDR 5, PIT 4, other 2, independents 22, vacant 2

Note: a Senate was scheduled to be created in October 2006 elections that never took place

Judicial Branch:

 Supreme Court or Cour Supreme consists of four chambers: Judicial Chamber for criminal cases, Audit Chamber for financial cases, Constitutional Chamber for judicial review cases, and Administrative Chamber for civil cases; there is no legal limit to the number of members

Political Parties and Leaders:

 Citizen's Democratic Union or UDCY [Theodore MEL EG]; Democratic Party of Cote d'Ivoire or PDCI [Henri Konan BEDIE]; Freedom and Democracy for the Republic or LIBRE [Mamadou KOULIBALY]; Ivorian Popular Front or FPI [vacant]; Ivorian Worker's Party or PIT [Francis WODIE]; Opposition Movement of the Future or MFA [Innocent Augustin ANAKY]; Rally of the Republicans or RDR [Alassane OUATTARA]; Union for Democracy and Peace in Cote d'Ivoire or UDPCI [Toikeuse MABRI]; over 144 smaller registered parties

Political Pressure Groups and Leaders:

 Federation of University and High School Students of Cote d'Ivoire or FESCI [Serges KOFFI]; Rally of Houphouetists for Democracy and Peace or RHDP [Alphonse DJEDJE MADY]; Young Patriots [Charles BLE GOUDE]

International Organization Participation:

 ACP, AfDB, AU, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO, FZ, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic Representation in the US:

 Chief of mission: Ambassador Daouda DIABATE
Chancery: 2424 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
Telephone: [1] (202) 797-0300
FAX: [1] (202) 244-3088

Diplomatic Representation From the US:

 Chief of mission: Ambassador Wanda L. NESBITT
Embassy: Cocody Riviera Golf 01, Abidjan
Mailing address: B. P. 1712, Abidjan 01
Telephone: [225] 22 49 40 00
FAX: [225] 22 49 43 32

Flag Description:

 Three equal vertical bands of orange (hoist side), white, and green; orange symbolizes the land (savannah) of the north and fertility, white stands for peace and unity, green represents the forests of the south and the hope for a bright future

Note: similar to the flag of Ireland, which is longer and has the colors reversed - green (hoist side), white, and orange; also similar to the flag of Italy, which is green (hoist side), white, and red; design was based on the flag of France

National Symbols:

 Elephant

National Anthem:

 Name: "L'Abidjanaise" (Song of Abidjan)
Lyrics/music: Mathieu EKRA, Joachim BONY, and Pierre Marie COTY/Pierre Marie COTY and Pierre Michel PANGO

Note: adopted 1960; although the nation's capital city moved from Abidjan to Yamoussoukro in 1983, the anthem still owes its name to the former capital

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ECONOMY


Economy - Overview:

 Cote d'Ivoire is heavily dependent on agriculture and related activities, which engage roughly 68% of the population. Cote d'Ivoire is the world's largest producer and exporter of cocoa beans and a significant producer and exporter of coffee and palm oil. Consequently, the economy is highly sensitive to fluctuations in international prices for these products, and, to a lesser extent, in climatic conditions. Cocoa, oil, and coffee are the country's top export revenue earners, but the country is also producing gold. Since the end of the civil war in 2003, political turmoil has continued to damage the economy, resulting in the loss of foreign investment and slow economic growth. GDP grew by more than 2% in 2008 and around 4% per year in 2009-10. Per capita income has declined by 15% since 1999, but registered a slight improvement in 2009-10. Power cuts caused by a turbine failure in early 2010 slowed economic activity. Cote d'Ivoire in 2010 signed agreements to restructure its Paris Club bilateral, other bilateral, and London Club debt. Cote d'Ivoire's long term challenges include political instability and degrading infrastructure.

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity):

 $37.02 billion (2010 est.)
$36.09 billion (2009 est.)
$34.79 billion (2008 est.)

Note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (Official Exchange Rate):

 $22.82 billion (2010 est.)

GDP - Real Growth Rate:

 2.6% (2010 est.)
3.8% (2009 est.)
2.3% (2008 est.)

GDP - Per Capita (PPP):

 $1,800 (2010 est.)
$1,800 (2009 est.)
$1,700 (2008 est.)

Note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - Composition By Sector:

 Agriculture: 28%
Industry: 21.3%
Services: 50.7% (2010 est.)

Labor Force:

 8,509 (2010 est.)

Labor Force - By Occupation:

 Agriculture: 68%
Industry and services: NA (2007 est.)

Unemployment Rate:

 NA%

Note: unemployment may have climbed to 40-50% as a result of the civil war

Population Below Poverty Line:

 42% (2006 est.)

Household Income / Consumption By Share:

 Lowest 10%: 2.2%
Highest 10%: 31.8% (2008)

Distribution of Family Income - Gini Index:

 41.5 (2008)
36.7 (1995)

Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons:

 Refugees (country of origin): 25,615 (Liberia)
IDPs: 709,000 (2002 coup; most IDPs are in western regions) (2007)

Investment (Gross Fixed):

 11.2% of GDP (2010 est.)

Budget:

 Revenues: $4.571 billion
Expenditures: $5.027 billion (2010 est.)

Taxes and Other Revenues:

 20% of GDP (2010 est.)

Budget Surplus / Deficit:

 -2% of GDP (2010 est.)

Public Debt:

 63.1% of GDP (2010 est.)
66.2% of GDP (2009 est.)

Inflation Rate (Consumer Prices):

 1.1% (2010 est.)
0.9% (2009 est.)

Central Bank Discount Rate:

 4.25% (31 December 2010 est.)
4.25% (31 December 2009 est.)

Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate:

 4.3% (31 December 2010 est.)
4.3% (31 December 2009 est.)

Stock of Money:

 $4.242 billion (31 December 2008)
$4.451 billion (31 December 2007)

Stock of Quasi Money:

 $2.117 billion (31 December 2008)
$1.915 billion (31 December 2007)

Stock of Narrow Money:

 $5.575 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
$5.143 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

Stock of Broad Money:

 $8.458 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
$7.712 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

Stock of Domestic Credit:

 $5.778 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
$5.504 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

Market Value of Publicly Traded Shares:

 $7.099 billion (31 December 2010)
$6.141 billion (31 December 2009)
$7.071 billion (31 December 2008)

Agriculture - Products:

 Coffee, cocoa beans, bananas, palm kernels, corn, rice, manioc (tapioca), sweet potatoes, sugar, cotton, rubber; timber

Industries:

 Foodstuffs, beverages; wood products, oil refining, truck and bus assembly, textiles, fertilizer, building materials, electricity, ship construction and repair

Industrial Production Growth Rate:

 4.5% (2010 est.)

Electricity - Production:

 5.548 billion kWh (2008 est.)

Electricity - Production By Source:

 Fossil fuel: 61.9%
Hydro: 38.1%
Nuclear: 0%
Other: 0% (2001)

Electricity - Consumption:

 3.584 billion kWh (2008 est.)

Electricity - Exports:

 599 million kWh (2008 est.)

Electricity - Imports:

 599 million kWh (2008 est.)

Oil - Production:

 44,880 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Oil - Consumption:

 25,000 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Oil - Exports:

 70,800 bbl/day (2009 est.)

Oil - Imports:

 85,190 bbl/day (2009 est.)

Oil - Proven Reserves:

 100 million bbl (1 January 2011 est.)

Natural Gas - Production:

 1.6 billion cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Consumption:

 1.6 billion cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Exports:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Imports:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Proven Reserves:

 28.32 billion cu m (1 January 2011 est.)

Current Account Balance:

 $541.4 million (2010 est.)
$1.67 billion (2009 est.)

Exports:

 $10.47 billion (2010 est.)
$10.5 billion (2009 est.)

Exports - Commodities:

 Cocoa, coffee, timber, petroleum, cotton, bananas, pineapples, palm oil, fish

Exports - Partners:

 US 10.2%, Netherlands 10%, Nigeria 7.7%, Ghana 6.7%, Germany 6.2%, France 6.2%, Burkina Faso 4.5% (2010)

Imports:

 $6.925 billion (2010 est.)
$6.318 billion (2009 est.)

Imports - Commodities:

 Fuel, capital equipment, foodstuffs

Imports - Partners:

 Nigeria 22.4%, France 12.6%, China 7.1%, Thailand 4.8% (2010)

Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold:

 $3.624 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
$3.267 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

Debt - External:

 $11.52 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
$11.7 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

Exchange Rates:

 Convert CFA Franc (BCEAO) to Any Currency

Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar -
495.28 (2010)
472.19 (2009)
447.81 (2008)
481.83 (2007)
522.89 (2006)

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COMMUNICATIONS


Telephones - Main Lines In Use:

 223,200 (2010)

Telephones - Cellular:

 14.91 million (2010)

Telephone System:

 General assessment: well developed by African standards; telecommunications sector privatized in late 1990s and operational fixed-lines have increased since that time with two fixed-line providers operating over open-wire lines, microwave radio relay, and fiber-optics; 90% digitalized

Domestic: with multiple mobile-cellular service providers competing in the market, usage has increased sharply to roughly 65 per 100 persons

International: country code - 225; landing point for the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe and Asia; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean) (2009)

Broadcast Media:

 State-owned television operates 2 stations; no private terrestrial TV stations, but satellite TV subscription service is available; state-owned radio operates 2 stations; some private radio stations; transmissions of several international broadcasters are available (2007)

Radio Broadcast Stations:

 AM 2, FM 9, shortwave 3 (1998)

Television Broadcast Stations:

 14 (1998)

Internet Country Code:

 .ci

Internet Hosts:

 9,865 (2010)

Internet Users:

 967,300 (2009)

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TRANSPORTATION


Airports:

 27 (2010)

Airports - With Paved Runways:

 Total: 7
Over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4 (2010)

Airports - With Unpaved Runways:

 Total: 20
1,524 to 2,437 m: 6
914 to 1,523 m: 11
Under 914 m: 3 (2010)

Pipelines:

 Condensate 86 km; gas 180 km; oil 92 km (2010)

Railways:

 Total: 660 km
Narrow gauge: 660 km 1.000-m gauge

Note: an additional 622 km of this railroad extends into Burkina Faso (2010)

Roadways:

 Total: 80,000 km
Paved: 6,500 km
Unpaved: 73,500 km

Note: includes intercity and urban roads; another 20,000 km of dirt roads are in poor condition and 150,000 km of dirt roads are impassable (2006)

Waterways:

 980 km (navigable rivers, canals, and numerous coastal lagoons) (2009)

Ports and Terminals:

 Abidjan, Espoir, San-Pedro

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MILITARY


Military Branches:

 Republican Forces of Cote d'Ivoire (Force Republiques de Cote d'Ivoire, FRCI): Army, Navy, Cote d'Ivoire Air Force (Force Aerienne de la Cote d'Ivoire)

Note: FRCI is the former Armed Forces of the New Forces (FAFN) (2011)

Military Service Age and Obligation:

 18-25 years of age for compulsory and voluntary male and female military service; voluntary recruitment of former rebels into the new national army is restricted to ages 22-29 (2011)

Manpower Available For Military Service:

 Males age 16-49: 5,247,522
Females age 16-49: 5,047,901 (2010 est.)

Manpower Fit For Military Service:

 Males age 16-49: 3,360,087
Females age 16-49: 3,196,033 (2010 est.)

Manpower Reaching Militarily Significant Age Annually:

 Male: 247,011
Female: 242,958 (2010 est.)

Military Expenditures:

 1.5% of GDP (2009)

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TRANSNATIONAL ISSUES


Disputes - International:

 Despite the presence of over 9,000 UN forces (UNOCI) in Cote d'Ivoire since 2004, ethnic conflict still leaves displaced hundreds of thousands of Ivoirians in and out of the country as well as driven out migrants from neighboring states who worked in Ivorian cocoa plantations; the March 2007 peace deal between Ivorian rebels and the government brought significant numbers of rebels out of hiding in neighboring states

Illicit Drugs:

 Illicit producer of cannabis, mostly for local consumption; utility as a narcotic transshipment point to Europe reduced by ongoing political instability; while rampant corruption and inadequate supervision leave the banking system vulnerable to money laundering, the lack of a developed financial system limits the country's utility as a major money-laundering center (2008)

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Last Updated: December 2011

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