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GEOGRAPHY


Location:

 Oceania, islands in the Coral Sea, northeast of Australia

Geographic Coordinates:

 18 00 S, 152 00 E

Area:

 Total: less than 3 sq km
Land: less than 3 sq km
Water: 0 sq km

Note: includes numerous small islands and reefs scattered over a sea area of about 780,000 sq km with the Willis Islets the most important

Land Boundaries:

 0 km

Coastline:

 3,095 km (Rank: 39)

Maritime Claims:

 Territorial sea: 3 nm
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm

Climate:

 Tropical

Terrain:

 Sand and coral reefs and islands (or cays)

Elevation Extremes:

 Lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Highest point: unnamed location on Cato Island 6 m

Natural Resources:

 NEGL

Land Use:

 Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Other: 100% (mostly grass or scrub cover) (2005)

Irrigated Land:

 0 sq km

Natural Hazards:

 Occasional tropical cyclones

Environment - Current Issues:

 No permanent freshwater resources

Geography - Note:

 Important nesting area for birds and turtles

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PEOPLE AND SOCIETY


Population:

 No indigenous inhabitants

Note: there is a staff of three to four at the meteorological station on Willis Island (July 2007 est.)

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GOVERNMENT


Country Name:

 Conventional long form: Coral Sea Islands Territory
Conventional short form: Coral Sea Islands

Dependency Status:

 Territory of Australia; administered from Canberra by the Department of Regional Australia, Regional Development and Local Government

Legal System:

 The legal system of Australia, where applicable, applies

Diplomatic Representation in the US:

 None (territory of Australia)

Diplomatic Representation From the US:

 None (territory of Australia)

Flag Description:

 The flag of Australia is used

Affiliation:

 (territory of Australia)

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ECONOMY


Economy - Overview:

 No economic activity

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COMMUNICATIONS


Communications - Note:

 There are automatic weather stations on many of the isles and reefs relaying data to the mainland

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TRANSPORTATION


Ports and Terminals:

 None; offshore anchorage only

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MILITARY


Military - Note:

 Defense is the responsibility of Australia

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Last Updated: December 2011

Coral Sea Islands Main Page World Factbook Main Page






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