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 Eastern Mediterranean, on the southeast coast of Cyprus near Famagusta

Geographic Coordinates:

 34 59 N, 33 45 E


 Total: 130.8 sq km

Note: area surrounds three Cypriot enclaves

Area - Comparative:

 About three-quarters the size of Washington, DC

Land Boundaries:

 Total: 103 km (approximately)
Border countries: Cyprus 103 km (approximately)


 27.5 km (Rank: 192)


 Temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters

Environment - Current Issues:

 Netting and trapping of small migrant songbirds in the spring and autumn

Geography - Note:

 British extraterritorial rights also extended to several small off-post sites scattered across Cyprus; of the Sovereign Base Area land 60% is privately owned and farmed, 20% is owned by the Ministry of Defense, and 20% is SBA Crown land

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 English, Greek


 Approximately 15,700 live on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 service and UK based contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents

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Country Name:

 Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Dhekelia


 Name: Episkopi Cantonment (base administrative center for Akrotiri and Dhekelia); located in Akrotiri
Geographic coordinates: 34 40 N, 32 51 E
Time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Dependency Status:

 A special form of UK overseas territory; administered by an administrator who is also the Commander, British Forces Cyprus


 Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia Order in Council 1960, effective 16 August 1960, functions as a basic legal document

Legal System:

 The Sovereign Base Area Administration has its own court system to deal with civil and criminal matters; laws applicable to the Cypriot population are, as far as possible, the same as the laws of the Republic of Cyprus

Executive Branch:

 Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)

Head of government: Administrator Air Vice Marshall Graham STACEY (since 4 November 2010); note - reports to the British Ministry of Defense

Elections: none; the monarchy is hereditary; the administrator appointed by the monarch

Judicial Branch:

 See Akrotiri

Diplomatic Representation in the US:

 None (overseas territory of the UK)

Diplomatic Representation From the US:

 None (overseas territory of the UK)

Flag Description:

 The flag of the UK is used

National Anthem:

 Note: as a United Kingdom area of special sovereignty, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)


 (UK sovereign base area)

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Economy - Overview:

 Economic activity is limited to providing services to the military and their families located in Dhekelia. All food and manufactured goods must be imported.

Exchange Rates:

 Convert Euro to Any Currency

Note: uses the euro

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Broadcast Media:

 British Forces Broadcast Service (BFBS) provides multi-channel satellite TV service as well as BFBS radio broadcasts to the Dhekelia Sovereign Base (2009)

Radio Broadcast Stations:

 AM NA, FM 1 (located in Akrotiri), shortwave NA (British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) provides Radio 1 and Radio 2 service to Akrotiri, Dhekelia, and Nicosia) (2006)

Television Broadcast Stations:

 0 (British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) provides multi-channel satellite service to Akrotiri, Dhekelia, and Nicosia) (2006)

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Military - Note:

 Includes Dhekelia Garrison and Ayios Nikolaos Station connected by a roadway

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Last Updated: December 2011

Dhekelia Main Page World Factbook Main Page


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