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 Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, about half way between Puerto Rico and Trinidad and Tobago

Geographic Coordinates:

 15 25 N, 61 20 W


 Total: 751 sq km
Land: 751 sq km
Water: 0 sq km

Area - Comparative:

 Slightly more than four times the size of Washington, DC

Land Boundaries:

 0 km


 148 km (Rank: 153)

Maritime Claims:

 Territorial sea: 12 nm
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


 Tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds; heavy rainfall


 Rugged mountains of volcanic origin

Elevation Extremes:

 Lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
Highest point: Morne Diablotins 1,447 m

Natural Resources:

 Timber, hydropower, arable land

Land Use:

 Arable land: 6.67%
Permanent crops: 21.33%
Other: 72% (2005)

Freshwater Withdrawal:

 Total: 0.02 cu km/yr
Per capita: 213 cu m/yr (1996)

Natural Hazards:

 Flash floods are a constant threat; destructive hurricanes can be expected during the late summer months

Environment - International Agreements:

 Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling

Signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - Note:

 Known as "The Nature Island of the Caribbean" due to its spectacular, lush, and varied flora and fauna, which are protected by an extensive natural park system; the most mountainous of the Lesser Antilles, its volcanic peaks are cones of lava craters and include Boiling Lake, the second-largest, thermally active lake in the world

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 Noun: Dominican(s)
Adjective: Dominican

Ethnic Groups:

 Black 86.8%, mixed 8.9%, Carib Amerindian 2.9%, white 0.8%, other 0.7% (2001 census)


 English (official), French patois


 Roman Catholic 61.4%, Protestant 20.6% (Seventh-Day Adventist 6%, Pentecostal 5.6%, Baptist 4.1%, Methodist 3.7%, Church of God 1.2%), Jehovah's Witnesses 1.2%, other Christian 7.7%, Rastafarian 1.3%, other or unspecified 1.6%, none 6.1% (2001 census)


 72,969 (July 2011 est.)

Age Structure:

 0-14 years: 22.9% (male 8,551/female 8,188)
15-64 years: 66.8% (male 25,007/female 23,730)
65 years and over: 10.3% (male 3,246/female 4,247) (2011 est.)

Median Age:

 Total: 30.8 years
Male: 30.4 years
Female: 31.3 years (2011 est.)

Population Growth Rate:

 0.214% (2011 est.)

Birth Rate:

 15.62 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Death Rate:

 8.06 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)

Net Migration Rate:

 -5.43 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)


 Urban population: 67% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization: 0.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Cities - Population:

 ROSEAU (capital) 14,000 (2009)

Sex Ratio:

 At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
Total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate:

 Total: 12.78 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 17.11 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 8.23 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)

Life Expectancy At Birth:

 Total population: 75.98 years
Male: 73.03 years
Female: 79.08 years (2011 est.)

Total Fertility Rate:

 2.07 children born/woman (2011 est.)

Health Expenditures:

 5.9% of GDP (2009)

Physicians Density:

 0.5 physicians/1,000 population (1997)

Hospital Bed Density:

 3.8 beds/1,000 population (2009)

Drinking Water Source:

 Urban: 96% of population
Rural: 92% of population
Total: 95% of population
Urban: 4% of population
Rural: 8% of population
Total: 5% of population (2000)

Sanitation Facility Access:

 Urban: 80% of population
Rural: 84% of population
Total: 81% of population
Urban: 20% of population
Rural: 16% of population
Total: 19% of population (2000)

Education Expenditures:

 4.7% of GDP (2008)


 Definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
Total population: 94%
Male: 94%
Female: 94% (2003 est.)

Average Years of Schooling:

 Total: 13 years
Male: 13 years
Female: 13 years (2008)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24:

 Total: 26%
Male: 26.2%
Female: 25.4% (2001)

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Country Name:

 Conventional long form: Commonwealth of Dominica
Conventional short form: Dominica

Government Type:

 Parliamentary democracy


 Name: Roseau
Geographic coordinates: 15 18 N, 61 24 W
Time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative Divisions:

 10 parishes; Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Joseph, Saint Luke, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick, Saint Paul, Saint Peter


 3 November 1978 (from the UK)

National Holiday:

 Independence Day, 3 November (1978)


 November 3, 1978

Legal System:

 Common law based on the English model

International Law Organization Participation:

 Accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; accepts ICCt jurisdiction


 18 years of age; universal

Executive Branch:

 Chief of state: President Nicholas J. O. LIVERPOOL (since October 2003)

Head of government: Prime Minister Roosevelt SKERRIT (since 8 January 2004)

Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister

Elections: president elected by the House of Assembly for a five-year term; election last held on 1 October 2003 (next to be held in 2013); prime minister appointed by the president

Election results: in the absence of an opposition candidate, Nicholas LIVERPOOL consented to a second term in 2008 at the request of the prime minister and leader of the opposition and no formal election was held in 2008

Legislative Branch:

 Unicameral House of Assembly (30 seats; 9 members appointed, 21 elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Elections: last held on 18 December 2009 (next to be held in 2015); note - tradition dictates that the election will be held within five years of the last election, but technically it is five years from the first seating of parliament (12 May 2005) plus a 90-day grace period

Election results: percent of vote by party - DLP 61.2%, UWP 34.9%; seats by party - DLP 18, UWP 3

Judicial Branch:

 Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court, consisting of the Court of Appeal and the High Court (located in Saint Lucia; one of the six judges must reside in Dominica and preside over the Court of Summary Jurisdiction)

Political Parties and Leaders:

 Dominica Freedom Party or DFP [Charles SAVARIN]; Dominica Labor Party or DLP [Roosevelt SKERRIT]; Dominica United Workers Party or UWP [Earl WILLIAMS]

Political Pressure Groups and Leaders:

 Dominica Liberation Movement or DLM (a small leftist party)

International Organization Participation:


Diplomatic Representation in the US:

 Chief of mission: Ambassador Hubert J. CHARLES
Chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016
Telephone: [1] (202) 364-6781
FAX: [1] (202) 364-6791
Consulate(s) general: New York

Diplomatic Representation From the US:

 The US does not have an embassy in Dominica; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Dominica

Flag Description:

 Green, with a centered cross of three equal bands - the vertical part is yellow (hoist side), black, and white and the horizontal part is yellow (top), black, and white; superimposed in the center of the cross is a red disk bearing a Sisserou parrot, unique to Dominica, encircled by 10 green, five-pointed stars edged in yellow; the 10 stars represent the 10 administrative divisions (parishes); green symbolizes the island's lush vegetation; the triple-colored cross represents the Christian Trinity; the yellow color denotes sunshine, the main agricultural products (citrus and bananas), and the native Carib Indians; black is for the rich soil and the African heritage of most citizens; white signifies rivers, waterfalls, and the purity of aspirations; the red disc stands for social justice

National Symbols:

 Sisserou parrot

National Anthem:

 Name: "Isle of Beauty, Isle of Splendor"
Lyrics/music: Wilfred Oscar Morgan POND/Lemuel McPherson CHRISTIAN

Note: adopted 1967

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Economy - Overview:

 The Dominican economy has been dependent on agriculture - primarily bananas - in years past, but increasingly has been driven by tourism as the government seeks to promote Dominica as an "ecotourism" destination. In order to diversify the island's production base, the government also is attempting to develop an offshore financial sector and has signed an agreement with the EU to develop geothermal energy resources. In 2003, the government began a comprehensive restructuring of the economy - including elimination of price controls, privatization of the state banana company, and tax increases - to address an economic and financial crisis and to meet IMF requirements. This restructuring paved the way for an economic recovery - real growth for 2006 reached a two-decade high - and helped to reduce the debt burden, which remains at about 85% of GDP. Hurricane Dean struck the island in August 2007 causing damages equivalent to 20% of GDP. In 2009, growth slowed as a result of the global recession; it picked up only slightly in 2010.

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity):

 $758 million (2010 est.)
$751.1 million (2009 est.)
$752.9 million (2008 est.)

Note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (Official Exchange Rate):

 $376 million (2010 est.)

GDP - Real Growth Rate:

 1% (2010 est.)
-0.3% (2009 est.)
3.2% (2008 est.)

GDP - Per Capita (PPP):

 $10,400 (2010 est.)
$10,300 (2009 est.)
$10,400 (2008 est.)

Note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - Composition By Sector:

 Agriculture: 20.7%
Industry: 23.2%
Services: 56.1% (2010 est.)

Labor Force:

 25,000 (2000 est.)

Labor Force - By Occupation:

 Agriculture: 40%
Industry: 32%
Services: 28% (2000 est.)

Unemployment Rate:

 23% (2000 est.)

Population Below Poverty Line:

 30% (2002 est.)

Household Income / Consumption By Share:

 Lowest 10%: NA%
Highest 10%: NA%

Investment (Gross Fixed):

 24% of GDP (2010 est.)


 Revenues: $148.1 million
Expenditures: $111.1 million (2010 est.)

Taxes and Other Revenues:

 39.4% of GDP (2010 est.)

Budget Surplus / Deficit:

 9.9% of GDP (2010 est.)

Public Debt:

 78% of GDP (2009 est.)
85% of GDP (2006 est.)

Inflation Rate (Consumer Prices):

 3.2% (2010 est.)
0% (2009 est.)

Central Bank Discount Rate:

 6.5% (31 December 2010 est.)
6.5% (31 December 2009 est.)

Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate:

 9.475% (31 December 2010 est.)
10.025% (31 December 2009 est.)

Stock of Money:

 $72.1 million (31 December 2008)
$73.71 million (31 December 2007)

Stock of Quasi Money:

 $289.9 million (31 December 2008)
$269.1 million (31 December 2007)

Stock of Narrow Money:

 $80.96 million (31 December 2010 est.)
$76.44 million (31 December 2009 est.)

Stock of Broad Money:

 $433 million (31 December 2010 est.)
$391.9 million (31 December 2009 est.)

Stock of Domestic Credit:

 $296.3 million (31 December 2010 est.)
$259.3 million (31 December 2009 est.)

Agriculture - Products:

 Bananas, citrus, mangos, root crops, coconuts, cocoa

Note: forest and fishery potential not exploited


 Soap, coconut oil, tourism, copra, furniture, cement blocks, shoes

Industrial Production Growth Rate:


Electricity - Production:

 87 million kWh (2008 est.)

Electricity - Production By Source:

 Fossil fuel: 47.1%
Hydro: 52.9%
Nuclear: 0%
Other: 0% (2001)

Electricity - Consumption:

 80.91 million kWh (2008 est.)

Electricity - Exports:

 0 kWh (2009 est.)

Electricity - Imports:

 0 kWh (2009 est.)

Oil - Production:

 0 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Oil - Consumption:

 1,000 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Oil - Exports:

 0 bbl/day (2009 est.)

Oil - Imports:

 859 bbl/day (2009 est.)

Oil - Proven Reserves:

 0 bbl (1 January 2011 est.)

Natural Gas - Production:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Consumption:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Exports:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Imports:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Proven Reserves:

 0 cu m (1 January 2011 est.)

Current Account Balance:

 -$134 million (2010 est.)
-$123.2 million (2009 est.)


 $42.8 million (2010 est.)
$37.79 million (2009 est.)

Exports - Commodities:

 Bananas, soap, bay oil, vegetables, grapefruit, oranges

Exports - Partners:

 Japan 35.5%, Egypt 12.4%, Antigua and Barbuda 8%, Jamaica 7%, Guyana 6.7%, Trinidad and Tobago 4.3% (2010)


 $225.3 million (2010 est.)
$205.5 million (2009 est.)

Imports - Commodities:

 Manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, food, chemicals

Imports - Partners:

 Japan 44.8%, US 13.4%, Trinidad and Tobago 10.7%, China 7.5% (2010)

Debt - External:

 $213 million (2004)

Exchange Rates:

 Convert East Caribbean Dollar to Any Currency

East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar -
2.7 (2010)
2.7 (2009)
2.7 (2005)
2.7 (2004)
2.7 (2003)

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Telephones - Main Lines In Use:

 15,500 (2010)

Telephones - Cellular:

 106,000 (2009)

Telephone System:

 General assessment: fully automatic network

Domestic: Fixed-line connections continued to decline slowly with the two active operators providing about 25 fixed-line connections per 100 persons; subscribership among the three mobile-cellular providers continued to increase with teledensity approaching 150 per 100 persons in 2009

International: country code - 1-767; landing points for the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) and the Global Caribbean Network (GCN) submarine cables providing connectivity to other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad; microwave radio relay and SHF radiotelephone links to Martinique and Guadeloupe; VHF and UHF radiotelephone links to Saint Lucia

Broadcast Media:

 No terrestrial television service available; subscription cable TV provider offers some locally produced programming plus channels from the US, Latin America, and the Caribbean; state-operated radio broadcasts on 6 stations; privately-owned radio broadcasts on about 15 stations (2007)

Radio Broadcast Stations:

 AM 4, FM 18, shortwave 0 (2009)

Television Broadcast Stations:

 1 (2004)

Internet Country Code:


Internet Hosts:

 718 (2010)

Internet Users:

 28,000 (2009)

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 2 (2010)

Airports - With Paved Runways:

 Total: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2010)


 Total: 780 km
Paved: 393 km
Unpaved: 387 km (2001)

Merchant Marine:

 Total: 40
By type: bulk carrier 11, cargo 20, chemical tanker 2, petroleum tanker 4, refrigerated cargo 2, roll on/roll off 1
Foreign-owned: 37 (Australia 1, Estonia 6, Germany 2, Greece 9, India 2, Latvia 1, Norway 1, Russia 6, Saudi Arabia 3, Singapore 1, Syria 2, Turkey 1, Ukraine 2)
Registered in other countries: 1 (Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1) (2010)

Ports and Terminals:

 Portsmouth, Roseau

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Military Branches:

 No regular military forces; Commonwealth of Dominica Police Force (includes Coast Guard) (2011)

Manpower Available For Military Service:

 Males age 16-49: 19,075 (2010 est.)

Manpower Fit For Military Service:

 Males age 16-49: 16,035
Females age 16-49: 15,499 (2010 est.)

Manpower Reaching Militarily Significant Age Annually:

 Male: 675
Female: 636 (2010 est.)

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Disputes - International:

 Dominica is the only Caribbean state to challenge Venezuela's sovereignty claim over Aves Island and joins the other island nations in challenging whether the feature sustains human habitation, a criterion under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which permits Venezuela to extend its Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and continental shelf claims over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea

Illicit Drugs:

 Transshipment point for narcotics bound for the US and Europe; minor cannabis producer (2008)

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Last Updated: December 2011

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