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 Western Europe, islands in the English Channel, northwest of France

Geographic Coordinates:

 49 28 N, 2 35 W


 Total: 78 sq km
Land: 78 sq km
Water: 0 sq km

Note: includes Alderney, Guernsey, Herm, Sark, and some other smaller islands

Area - Comparative:

 About one-half the size of Washington, DC

Land Boundaries:

 0 km


 50 km (Rank: 183)

Maritime Claims:

 Territorial sea: 3 nm
Exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm


 Temperate with mild winters and cool summers; about 50% of days are overcast


 Mostly level with low hills in southwest

Elevation Extremes:

 Lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Highest point: unnamed elevation on Sark 114 m

Natural Resources:


Land Use:

 Arable land: NA
Permanent crops: NA
Other: NA

Geography - Note:

 Large, deepwater harbor at Saint Peter Port

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 Noun: Channel Islander(s)
Adjective: Channel Islander

Ethnic Groups:

 British and Norman-French descent with small percentages from other European countries


 English, French, Norman-French dialect spoken in country districts


 Protestant (Anglican, Presbyterian, Baptist, Congretational, Methodist), Roman Catholic


 65,068 (July 2011 est.)

Age Structure:

 0-14 years: 14.9% (male 5,036/female 4,670)
15-64 years: 68% (male 22,195/female 22,049)
65 years and over: 17.1% (male 4,952/female 6,166) (2011 est.)

Median Age:

 Total: 42.2 years
Male: 41.1 years
Female: 43.2 years (2011 est.)

Population Growth Rate:

 0.438% (2011 est.)

Birth Rate:

 10.13 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Death Rate:

 8.44 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)

Net Migration Rate:

 2.69 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)


 Urban population: 31% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization: 0.8% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Sex Ratio:

 At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate:

 Total: 3.55 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 3.87 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 3.21 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)

Life Expectancy At Birth:

 Total population: 82.16 years
Male: 79.5 years
Female: 84.95 years (2011 est.)

Total Fertility Rate:

 1.54 children born/woman (2011 est.)

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Country Name:

 Conventional long form: Bailiwick of Guernsey
Conventional short form: Guernsey

Government Type:

 Parliamentary democracy


 Name: Saint Peter Port
Geographic coordinates: 49 27 N, 2 32 W
Time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Administrative Divisions:

 None (British crown dependency); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 10 parishes: Castel, Forest, Saint Andrew, Saint Martin, Saint Peter Port, Saint Pierre du Bois, Saint Sampson, Saint Saviour, Torteval, Vale

Dependency Status:

 British crown dependency


 None (British crown dependency)

National Holiday:

 Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)


 Unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice

Legal System:

 Customary legal system based on Norman customary law, and includes elements of the French Civil Code and English common law


 16 years of age; universal

Executive Branch:

 Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Lieutenant Governor Air Marshall Peter WALKER (since 15 April 2011)

Head of government: Chief Minister Lyndon TROTT (since 1 May 2008); Bailiff Sir Geoffrey ROWLAND (since June 2005)

Cabinet: Policy Council elected by the States of Deliberation

Elections: the monarchy is hereditary; lieutenant governor and bailiff appointed by the monarch; chief minister elected by States of Deliberation

Election results: Lyndon TROTT elected chief minister, percent of vote of the States of Deliberation NA

Legislative Branch:

 Unicameral States of Deliberation (45 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms; note - there are also 10 Douzaine representatives - one from each parish, 2 representatives from Alderney and the appointed attorney general and soliciter general); note - Alderney and Sark have parliaments

Elections: last held on 23 April 2008 (next to be held in 2012)

Election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - all independents

Judicial Branch:

 Royal Court (judges elected by an electoral college and the bailiff)

Political Parties and Leaders:

 None; all independents

Political Pressure Groups and Leaders:

 Stop Traffic Endangering Pedestrian Safety or STEPS; No More Masts [Colin FALLAIZE]

International Organization Participation:


Diplomatic Representation in the US:

 None (British crown dependency)

Diplomatic Representation From the US:

 None (British crown dependency)

Flag Description:

 White with the red cross of Saint George (patron saint of England) extending to the edges of the flag and a yellow equal-armed cross of William the Conqueror superimposed on the Saint George cross; the red cross represents the old ties with England and the fact that Guernsey is a British Crown dependency; the gold cross is a replica of the one used by Duke William of Normandy at the Battle of Hastings

National Symbols:

 Guernsey cow; donkey

National Anthem:

 Name: "Sarnia Cherie" (Guernsey Dear)
Lyrics/music: George DEIGHTON/Domencio SANTANGELO

Note: adopted 1911; serves as a local anthem; as a British crown dependency, "God Save the Queen" remains official (see United Kingdom)


 (British crown dependency)

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Economy - Overview:

 Financial services - banking, fund management, insurance - account for about 23% of employment and about 55% of total income in this tiny, prosperous Channel Island economy. Tourism, manufacturing, and horticulture, mainly tomatoes and cut flowers, have been declining. Financial services, construction, retail, and the public sector have been growing. Light tax and death duties make Guernsey a popular tax haven. The evolving economic integration of the EU nations is changing the environment under which Guernsey operates.

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity):

 $2.742 billion (2005)

GDP (Official Exchange Rate):

 $2.742 billion (2005)

GDP - Real Growth Rate:

 3% (2005 est.)

GDP - Per Capita (PPP):

 $44,600 (2005)

GDP - Composition By Sector:

 Agriculture: 3%
Industry: 10%
Services: 87% (2000)

Labor Force:

 31,470 (March 2006)

Unemployment Rate:

 0.9% (March 2006 est.)

Population Below Poverty Line:


Household Income / Consumption By Share:

 Lowest 10%: NA%
Highest 10%: NA%


 Revenues: $563.6 million
Expenditures: $530.9 million (2005)

Taxes and Other Revenues:

 20.6% of GDP (2005)

Budget Surplus / Deficit:

 1.2% of GDP (2005)

Inflation Rate (Consumer Prices):

 3.4% (June 2006)

Agriculture - Products:

 Tomatoes, greenhouse flowers, sweet peppers, eggplant, fruit; Guernsey cattle


 Tourism, banking

Industrial Production Growth Rate:


Electricity - Production By Source:

 Fossil fuel: NA
Hydro: NA
Nuclear: NA
Other: NA

Electricity - Exports:

 0 kWh (2002)

Electricity - Imports:

 0 kWh (2002)

Exports - Commodities:

 Tomatoes, flowers and ferns, sweet peppers, eggplant, other vegetables

Imports - Commodities:

 Coal, gasoline, oil, machinery and equipment

Exchange Rates:

 Convert British Pound to Any Currency

Guernsey pound
0.6388 (2010)
0.6175 (2009)
0.4993 (2007)
0.5418 (2006)

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Telephones - Main Lines In Use:

 45,100 (2010)

Telephones - Cellular:

 43,800 (2004)

Telephone System:

 General assessment: NA

Domestic: fixed-line and mobile-cellular services widely available; combined fixed and mobile-cellular teledensity exceeds 100 per 100 persons

International: country code - 44; 1 submarine cable

Broadcast Media:

 Multiple UK terrestrial television broadcasts - received via a transmitter in Jersey with relays in Jersey, Guernsey, and Alderney - will begin switching from analog to digital broadcasts in November 2010; satellite packages are available; BBC Radio Guernsey and 1 other radio station operating (2009)

Radio Broadcast Stations:

 AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)

Television Broadcast Stations:

 1 (1997)

Internet Country Code:


Internet Hosts:

 197 (2010)

Internet Users:

 48,300 (2009)

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 2 (2010)

Airports - With Paved Runways:

 Total: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 1
Under 914 m: 1 (2010)

Ports and Terminals:

 Braye Bay, Saint Peter Port

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Manpower Fit For Military Service:

 Males age 16-49: 12,493
Females age 16-49: 12,272 (2010 est.)

Manpower Reaching Militarily Significant Age Annually:

 Male: 354
Female: 342 (2010 est.)

Military - Note:

 Defense is the responsibility of the UK

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Last Updated: December 2011

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