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 Western Europe, island in the Irish Sea, between Great Britain and Ireland

Geographic Coordinates:

 54 15 N, 4 30 W


 Total: 572 sq km
Land: 572 sq km
Water: 0 sq km

Area - Comparative:

 Slightly more than three times the size of Washington, DC

Land Boundaries:

 0 km


 160 km (Rank: 150)

Maritime Claims:

 Territorial sea: 12 nm
Exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm


 Temperate; cool summers and mild winters; overcast about a third of the time


 Hills in north and south bisected by central valley

Elevation Extremes:

 Lowest point: Irish Sea 0 m
Highest point: Snaefell 621 m

Land Use:

 Arable land: 9%
Permanent crops: 0%
Other: 91% (permanent pastures, forests, mountain, and heathland) (2002)

Irrigated Land:

 0 sq km

Environment - Current Issues:

 Waste disposal (both household and industrial); transboundary air pollution

Geography - Note:

 One small islet, the Calf of Man, lies to the southwest and is a bird sanctuary

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 Noun: Manxman (men), Manxwoman (women)
Adjective: Manx

Ethnic Groups:

 Manx (Norse-Celtic descent), Britons


 English, Manx Gaelic (about 2% of the population has some knowledge)


 Protestant (Anglican, Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, Society of Friends), Roman Catholic


 84,655 (July 2011 est.)

Age Structure:

 0-14 years: 16.6% (male 7,362/female 6,664)
15-64 years: 65.2% (male 27,752/female 27,466)
65 years and over: 18.2% (male 7,003/female 8,408) (2011 est.)

Median Age:

 Total: 42.6 years
Male: 41.8 years
Female: 43.3 years (2011 est.)

Population Growth Rate:

 0.921% (2011 est.)

Birth Rate:

 11.42 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Death Rate:

 9.92 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)

Net Migration Rate:

 7.71 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)


 Urban population: 51% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization: 0% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Cities - Population:

 DOUGLAS (capital) 26,000 (2009)

Sex Ratio:

 At birth: 1.08 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate:

 Total: 4.32 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 4.25 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 4.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)

Life Expectancy At Birth:

 Total population: 80.64 years
Male: 79.09 years
Female: 82.32 years (2011 est.)

Total Fertility Rate:

 1.96 children born/woman (2011 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24:

 Total: 7.2%
Male: 9.5%
Female: 5.1% (2006)

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Country Name:

 Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Isle of Man
Abbreviation: I.O.M.

Government Type:

 Parliamentary democracy


 Name: Douglas
Geographic coordinates: 54 09 N, 4 29 W
Time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Administrative Divisions:

 None; there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 24 local authorities each with its own elections

Dependency Status:

 British crown dependency


 None (British crown dependency)

National Holiday:

 Tynwald Day, 5 July


 Unwritten; note - The Isle of Man Constitution Act of 1961 does not embody the unwritten Manx Constitution

Legal System:

 The laws of the UK where applicable apply and include Manx statutes


 16 years of age; universal

Executive Branch:

 Chief of state: Lord of Mann Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant Governor Adam WOOD (since 7 April 2011)

Head of government: Chief Minister Allan BELL (since 11 October 2011)

Cabinet: Council of Ministers

Elections: the monarchy is hereditary; lieutenant governor appointed by the monarch; the chief minister elected by the Tynwald for a five-year term; election last held on 14 December 2006 (next to be held in December 2011)

Election results: House of Keys speaker Allan BELL elected chief minister by the Tynwald

Legislative Branch:

 Bicameral Tynwald consists of the Legislative Council (11 seats; members composed of the President of Tynwald, the Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man, a nonvoting attorney general, and 8 others named by the House of Keys) and the House of Keys (24 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Elections: House of Keys - last held on 29 September 2011 (next to be held in September 2016)

Election results: House of Keys - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Liberal Vannin Party 3, independents 21

Judicial Branch:

 High Court of Justice (justices are appointed by the Lord Chancellor of England on the nomination of the lieutenant governor)

Political Parties and Leaders:

 Alliance for Progressive Government; Liberal Vannin Party [Peter KARRAN]; Manx Labor Party; Manx Nationalist Party (Mec Vannin) [Bernard MOFFATT]

Note: most members sit as independents

Political Pressure Groups and Leaders:

 Alliance for Progressive Government or APG (a government watchdog); Mec Vannin (political party advocating a sovereign state and environment policies); note - has only had one member elected to the Tynwald

International Organization Participation:


Diplomatic Representation in the US:

 None (British crown dependency)

Diplomatic Representation From the US:

 None (British crown dependency)

Flag Description:

 Red with the Three Legs of Man emblem (triskelion), in the center; the three legs are joined at the thigh and bent at the knee; in order to have the toes pointing clockwise on both sides of the flag, a two-sided emblem is used; the flag is based on the coat-of-arms of the last recognized Norse King of Mann, Magnus III (r. 1252-1265); the triskelion has its roots in an early Celtic sun symbol

National Symbols:

 Triskelion (a motif of three legs)

National Anthem:

 Name: "Arrane Ashoonagh dy Vannin" (O Land of Our Birth)
Lyrics/music: William Henry GILL [English], John J. KNEEN [Manx]/traditional

Note: adopted 2003, in use since 1907; serves as a local anthem; as a British crown dependency, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom) and is played when the sovereign, members of the royal family, or the lieutenant governor are present


 (British crown dependency)

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Economy - Overview:

 Offshore banking, manufacturing, and tourism are key sectors of the economy. The government offers low taxes and other incentives to high-technology companies and financial institutions to locate on the island; this has paid off in expanding employment opportunities in high-income industries. As a result, agriculture and fishing, once the mainstays of the economy, have declined in their contributions to GDP. The Isle of Man also attracts online gambling sites and the film industry. Trade is mostly with the UK. The Isle of Man enjoys free access to EU markets.

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity):

 $2.719 billion (2005 est.)

GDP (Official Exchange Rate):

 $2.719 billion (2005 est.)

GDP - Real Growth Rate:

 5.2% (2005)

GDP - Per Capita (PPP):

 $35,000 (2005 est.)

GDP - Composition By Sector:

 Agriculture: 1%
Industry: 13%
Services: 86% (2000 est.)

Labor Force:

 39,690 (2001)

Labor Force - By Occupation:

 Agriculture, forestry, and fishing: 3%
Manufacturing: 11%
Construction: 10%
Transport and communication: 8%
Wholesale and retail distribution: 11%
Professional and scientific services: 18%
Public administration: 6%
Banking and finance: 18%
Tourism: 2%
Entertainment and catering: 3%
Miscellaneous services: 10% (2001)

Unemployment Rate:

 1.8% (October 2010 est.)
1.5% (December 2006 est.)

Population Below Poverty Line:


Household Income / Consumption By Share:

 Lowest 10%: NA%
Highest 10%: NA%


 Revenues: $965 million
Expenditures: $943 million (FY05/06 est.)

Taxes and Other Revenues:

 35.5% of GDP (FY05/06 est.)

Budget Surplus / Deficit:

 0.8% of GDP (FY05/06 est.)

Inflation Rate (Consumer Prices):

 3.1% (2006 est.)

Agriculture - Products:

 Cereals, vegetables; cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry


 Financial services, light manufacturing, tourism

Exports - Commodities:

 Tweeds, herring, processed shellfish, beef, lamb

Imports - Commodities:

 Timber, fertilizers, fish

Exchange Rates:

 Convert British Pound to Any Currency

Manx pounds (IMP) per US dollar -
0.6388 (2010)
0.6175 (2009)
0.5302 (2008)
0.4993 (2007)
0.5418 (2006)

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Telephones - Main Lines In Use:

 51,000 (1999)

Telephone System:

 General assessment: NA

Domestic: landline, telefax, mobile cellular telephone system

International: country code - 44; fiber-optic cable, microwave radio relay, satellite earth station, submarine cable

Broadcast Media:

 National public radio broadcasts over 3 FM stations and 1 AM station; 2 commercial broadcasters operating with 1 having multiple FM stations; receives radio and TV services via relays from British TV and radio broadcasters (2008)

Radio Broadcast Stations:

 AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)

Television Broadcast Stations:

 0 (receives broadcasts from the UK and satellite) (1999)

Internet Country Code:


Internet Hosts:

 765 (2010)

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 1 (2010)

Airports - With Paved Runways:

 Total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2010)


 Total: 63 km
Narrow gauge: 6 km 1.076-m gauge (6 km electrified); 57 km 0.914-m gauge (29 km electrified)

Note: primarily summer tourist attractions (2008)


 Total: 500 km (2008)

Merchant Marine:

 Total: 292
By type: bulk carrier 45, cargo 49, chemical tanker 48, container 6, liquefied gas 41, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 91, roll on/roll off 5, vehicle carrier 5
Foreign-owned: 200 (Bermuda 7, Chile 8, Denmark 26, Germany 56, Greece 57, Ireland 1, Japan 15, Norway 26, Singapore 1, Sweden 1, US 2) (2010)

Ports and Terminals:

 Douglas, Ramsey

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Manpower Fit For Military Service:

 Males age 16-49: 15,206
Females age 16-49: 15,127 (2010 est.)

Manpower Reaching Militarily Significant Age Annually:

 Male: 507
Female: 494 (2010 est.)

Military - Note:

 Defense is the responsibility of the UK

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Last Updated: December 2011

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