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 Caribbean, three-island group (Grand Cayman, Cayman Brac, Little Cayman) in Caribbean Sea, 240 km south of Cuba and 268 km northwest of Jamaica

Geographic Coordinates:

 19 30 N, 80 30 W


 Total: 264 sq km
Land: 264 sq km
Water: 0 sq km

Area - Comparative:

 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land Boundaries:

 0 km


 160 km (Rank: 149)

Maritime Claims:

 Territorial sea: 12 nm
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm


 Tropical marine; warm, rainy summers (May to October) and cool, relatively dry winters (November to April)


 Low-lying limestone base surrounded by coral reefs

Elevation Extremes:

 Lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
Highest point: The Bluff on Cayman Brac 43 m

Natural Resources:

 Fish, climate and beaches that foster tourism

Land Use:

 Arable land: 3.85%
Permanent crops: 0%
Other: 96.15% (2005)

Natural Hazards:

 Hurricanes (July to November)

Environment - Current Issues:

 No natural freshwater resources; drinking water supplies must be met by rainwater catchments

Geography - Note:

 Important location between Cuba and Central America

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 Noun: Caymanian(s)
Adjective: Caymanian

Ethnic Groups:

 Mixed 40%, white 20%, black 20%, expatriates of various ethnic groups 20%


 English (official) 95%, Spanish 3.2%, other 1.8% (1999 census)


 Protestant 67.7% (Church of God 25.5%, Presbyterian/United Church 9.2%, Seventh-Day Adventist 8.4%, Baptist 8.3%, Pentecostal 6.7%, Anglican 3.9%, non-denominational 5.7%), Roman Catholic 12.6%, other religions 4%, other 6.5%, none 6.1%, unspecified 3.2% (2007)


 51,384 (July 2011 est.)

Note: most of the population lives on Grand Cayman

Age Structure:

 0-14 years: 19% (male 4,924/female 4,858)
15-64 years: 71.1% (male 17,766/female 18,743)
65 years and over: 9.9% (male 2,401/female 2,692) (2011 est.)

Median Age:

 Total: 38.7 years
Male: 38.2 years
Female: 39.2 years (2011 est.)

Population Growth Rate:

 2.287% (2011 est.)

Birth Rate:

 12.24 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Death Rate:

 5.1 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)

Net Migration Rate:

 15.72 migrant(s)/1,000 population

Note: major destination for Cubans trying to migrate to the US (2011 est.)


 Urban population: 100% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization: 0.9% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Cities - Population:

 GEORGE TOWN (capital) 32,000 (2009)

Sex Ratio:

 At birth: 1.016 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate:

 Total: 6.63 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 7.6 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 5.65 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)

Life Expectancy At Birth:

 Total population: 80.68 years
Male: 78.02 years
Female: 83.39 years (2011 est.)

Total Fertility Rate:

 1.87 children born/woman (2011 est.)

Drinking Water Source:

 Urban: 95% of population
Total: 95% of population
Urban: 5% of population
Total: 5% of population (2008)

Sanitation Facility Access:

 Urban: 96% of population
Total: 96% of population
Urban: 4% of population
Total: 4% of population (2008)

Education Expenditures:

 2.6% of GDP (2006)


 Definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
Total population: 98%
Male: 98%
Female: 98% (1970 est.)

Average Years of Schooling:

 Total: 12 years
Male: 11 years
Female: 12 years (2008)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24:

 Total: 13.5%
Male: 13.6%
Female: 13.3% (2008)

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Country Name:

 Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Cayman Islands

Government Type:

 Parliamentary democracy


 Name: George Town (on Grand Cayman)
Geographic coordinates: 19 18 N, 81 23 W
Time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative Divisions:

 8 districts; Creek, Eastern, Midland, South Town, Spot Bay, Stake Bay, West End, Western

Dependency Status:

 Overseas territory of the UK


 None (overseas territory of the UK)

National Holiday:

 Constitution Day, first Monday in July


 The Cayman Islands Constitution Order 2009, 6 November 2009

Legal System:

 English common law and local statutes


 18 years of age; universal

Executive Branch:

 Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Duncan TAYLOR (since 15 January 2010)

Head of government: Premier McKeeva BUSH (since 6 November 2009)

Cabinet: The Cabinet (six members are appointed by the governor on the advice of the premier, selected from among the elected members of the Legislative Assembly)

Elections: the monarchy is hereditary; the governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or coalition appointed by the governor as premier

Legislative Branch:

 Unicameral Legislative Assembly (20 seats; 18 members elected by popular vote and 2 ex officio members from The Cabinet; to serve four-year terms)

Elections: last held on 20 May 2009 (next to be held not later than May 2013)

Election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UDP 9, PPM 5, independent 1

Judicial Branch:

 Grand Court; Cayman Islands Court of Appeal; Summary Court

Political Parties and Leaders:

 People's Progressive Movement or PPM [Kurt TIBBETTS]; United Democratic Party or UDP [McKeeva BUSH]

Political Pressure Groups and Leaders:

 National Trust
Other: environmentalists

International Organization Participation:

 Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), IOC, UNESCO (associate), UPU

Diplomatic Representation in the US:

 None (overseas territory of the UK)

Diplomatic Representation From the US:

 None (overseas territory of the UK); consular services provided through the US Embassy in Jamaica

Flag Description:

 A blue field, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Caymanian coat of arms centered on the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms includes a crest with a pineapple, representing the connection with Jamaica, and a turtle, representing Cayman's seafaring tradition, above a shield bearing a golden lion, symbolizing Great Britain, below which are three green stars (representing the three islands) surmounting white and blue wavy lines representing the sea and a scroll at the bottom bearing the motto HE HATH FOUNDED IT UPON THE SEAS

National Anthem:

 Name: "Beloved Isle Cayman"
Lyrics/music: Leila E. ROSS

Note: adopted 1993; served as an unofficial anthem since 1930; as a territory of the United Kingdom, in addition to the local anthem, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)


 (overseas territory of the UK)

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Economy - Overview:

 With no direct taxation, the islands are a thriving offshore financial center. More than 93,000 companies were registered in the Cayman Islands as of 2008, including almost 300 banks, 800 insurers, and 10,000 mutual funds. A stock exchange was opened in 1997. Tourism is also a mainstay, accounting for about 70% of GDP and 75% of foreign currency earnings. The tourist industry is aimed at the luxury market and caters mainly to visitors from North America. Total tourist arrivals exceeded 1.9 million in 2008, with about half from the US. About 90% of the islands' food and consumer goods must be imported. The Caymanians enjoy a standard of living roughly equal to that of Switzerland.

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity):

 $2.25 billion (2008 est.)
$2.23 billion (2003 est.)

GDP (Official Exchange Rate):

 $2.25 billion (2008 est.)

GDP - Real Growth Rate:

 1.1% (2008 est.)
0.9% (2004 est.)

GDP - Per Capita (PPP):

 $43,800 (2004 est.)

GDP - Composition By Sector:

 Agriculture: 0.5%
Industry: 50.7%
Services: 48.8% (2010 est.)

Labor Force:


Note: nearly 55% are non-nationals (2007)

Labor Force - By Occupation:

 Agriculture: 1.9%
Industry: 19.1%
Services: 79% (2008 est.)

Unemployment Rate:

 4% (2008)
4.4% (2004)

Population Below Poverty Line:


Household Income / Consumption By Share:

 Lowest 10%: NA%
Highest 10%: NA%

Investment (Gross Fixed):

 25.6% of GDP (2010 est.)


 Revenues: $503.4 million
Expenditures: $674.7 million (2010 est.)

Taxes and Other Revenues:

 22.4% of GDP (2010 est.)

Budget Surplus / Deficit:

 -7.6% of GDP (2010 est.)

Inflation Rate (Consumer Prices):

 0.3% (2010 est.)
-1.5% (2009 est.)

Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate:

 14.5% (31 December 2010 est.)
14.5% (31 December 2009 est.)

Stock of Money:

 $334.3 million (31 December 2008)

Stock of Quasi Money:

 $5.23 billion (31 December 2008)

Stock of Narrow Money:

 $334.3 million (31 December 2008)

Stock of Broad Money:

 $5.564 billion (31 December 2008 est.)

Market Value of Publicly Traded Shares:

 $NA (31 December 2008)
$183.5 million (31 December 2007)
$188.4 million (31 December 2006)

Agriculture - Products:

 Vegetables, fruit; livestock; turtle farming


 Tourism, banking, insurance and finance, construction, construction materials, furniture

Industrial Production Growth Rate:


Electricity - Production:

 597.4 million kWh (2009 est.)

Electricity - Production By Source:

 Fossil fuel: 100%
Hydro: 0%
Nuclear: 0%
Other: 0% (2001)

Electricity - Consumption:

 537.5 million kWh (2008 est.)

Electricity - Exports:

 0 kWh (2009 est.)

Electricity - Imports:

 0 kWh (2009 est.)

Oil - Production:

 0 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Oil - Consumption:

 3,000 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Oil - Exports:

 0 bbl/day (2009 est.)

Oil - Imports:

 3,700 bbl/day (2009 est.)

Oil - Proven Reserves:

 0 bbl (1 January 2011 est.)

Natural Gas - Production:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Consumption:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Exports:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Imports:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Proven Reserves:

 0 cu m (1 January 2011 est.)

Current Account Balance:

 -$384.5 million (2010 est.)
-$335.4 million (2009 est.)


 $17 million (2010 est.)
$19.5 million (2009 est.)

Exports - Commodities:

 Turtle products, manufactured consumer goods


 $795 million (2010 est.)
$897.4 million (2009 est.)

Imports - Commodities:

 Foodstuffs, manufactured goods, fuels

Debt - External:

 $70 million (1996)

Exchange Rates:

 Convert Cayman Islands Dollar to Any Currency

Caymanian dollars (KYD) per US dollar -
NA (2007)
0.8496 (2006)

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Telephones - Main Lines In Use:

 37,400 (2010)

Telephones - Cellular:

 99,900 (2010)

Telephone System:

 General assessment: reasonably good overall telephone system with a high fixed-line teledensity

Domestic: liberalization of telecom market in 2003; introduction of competition in the mobile-cellular market in 2004

International: country code - 1-345; landing points for the MAYA-1, Eastern Caribbean Fiber System (ECFS), and the Cayman-Jamaica Fiber System submarine cables that provide links to the US and parts of Central and South America; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2007)

Broadcast Media:

 4 television stations; cable and satellite subscription services offer a variety of international programming; government-owned Radio Cayman operates 2 networks broadcasting on 5 stations; 10 privately-owned radio stations operate alongside Radio Cayman (2007)

Radio Broadcast Stations:

 AM 1, FM 14, shortwave 0 (2009)

Television Broadcast Stations:

 4 with cable system (2004)

Internet Country Code:


Internet Hosts:

 21,910 (2010)

Internet Users:

 23,000 (2008)

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 3 (2010)

Airports - With Paved Runways:

 Total: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2 (2010)

Airports - With Unpaved Runways:

 Total: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2010)


 Total: 785 km
Paved: 785 km (2007)

Merchant Marine:

 Total: 113
By type: bulk carrier 20, cargo 3, chemical tanker 56, liquefied gas 1, petroleum tanker 8, refrigerated cargo 10, vehicle carrier 15
Foreign-owned: 99 (Germany 6, Greece 11, Italy 6, Japan 19, Switzerland 1, UK 2, US 54) (2010)

Ports and Terminals:

 Cayman Brac, George Town

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Military Branches:

 No regular military forces; Royal Cayman Islands Police Force (2010)

Manpower Available For Military Service:

 Males age 16-49: 12,238 (2010 est.)

Manpower Fit For Military Service:

 Males age 16-49: 9,981
Females age 16-49: 10,417 (2010 est.)

Manpower Reaching Militarily Significant Age Annually:

 Male: 333
Female: 342 (2010 est.)

Military - Note:

 Defense is the responsibility of the UK

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Illicit Drugs:

 Major offshore financial center; vulnerable to drug transshipment to the US and Europe (2008)

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Last Updated: December 2011

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