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GEOGRAPHY


Location:

 Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago

Geographic Coordinates:

 13 53 N, 60 58 W

Area:

 Total: 616 sq km
Land: 606 sq km
Water: 10 sq km

Area - Comparative:

 Three and a half times the size of Washington, DC

Land Boundaries:

 0 km

Coastline:

 158 km (Rank: 151)

Maritime Claims:

 Territorial sea: 12 nm
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

Climate:

 Tropical, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season January to April, rainy season May to August

Terrain:

 Volcanic and mountainous with some broad, fertile valleys

Elevation Extremes:

 Lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
Highest point: Mount Gimie 950 m

Natural Resources:

 Forests, sandy beaches, minerals (pumice), mineral springs, geothermal potential

Land Use:

 Arable land: 6.45%
Permanent crops: 22.58%
Other: 70.97% (2005)

Irrigated Land:

 30 sq km (2008)

Freshwater Withdrawal:

 Total: 0.01
Per capita: 81 cu m/yr (1997)

Natural Hazards:

 Hurricanes; volcanic activity

Environment - Current Issues:

 Deforestation; soil erosion, particularly in the northern region

Environment - International Agreements:

 Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling

Signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - Note:

 The twin Pitons (Gros Piton and Petit Piton), striking cone-shaped peaks south of Soufriere, are one of the scenic natural highlights of the Caribbean

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PEOPLE AND SOCIETY


Nationality:

 Noun: Saint Lucian(s)
Adjective: Saint Lucian

Ethnic Groups:

 Black 82.5%, mixed 11.9%, East Indian 2.4%, other or unspecified 3.1% (2001 census)

Languages:

 English (official), French patois

Religions:

 Roman Catholic 67.5%, Protestant 18.2% (Seventh-Day Adventist 8.5%, Pentecostal 5.7%, Anglican 2%, Evangelical 2%), other Christian 5.1%, Rastafarian 2.1%, other 1.1%, unspecified 1.5%, none 4.5% (2001 census)

Population:

 161,557 (July 2011 est.)

Age Structure:

 0-14 years: 22.8% (male 18,925/female 17,945)
15-64 years: 67.5% (male 52,859/female 56,173)
65 years and over: 9.7% (male 7,074/female 8,581) (2011 est.)

Median Age:

 Total: 31 years
Male: 29.9 years
Female: 32.1 years (2011 est.)

Population Growth Rate:

 0.389% (2011 est.)

Birth Rate:

 14.63 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Death Rate:

 7 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)

Net Migration Rate:

 -3.73 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Urbanization:

 Urban population: 28% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization: 1.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Cities - Population:

 CASTRIES (capital) 15,000 (2009)

Sex Ratio:

 At birth: 1.055 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate:

 Total: 12.72 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 11.92 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 13.58 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)

Life Expectancy At Birth:

 Total population: 76.84 years
Male: 74.15 years
Female: 79.68 years (2011 est.)

Total Fertility Rate:

 1.81 children born/woman (2011 est.)

Health Expenditures:

 8.1% of GDP (2009)

Physicians Density:

 0.473 physicians/1,000 population (2002)

Hospital Bed Density:

 1.4 beds/1,000 population (2009)

Drinking Water Source:

 Urban: 98% of population
Rural: 98% of population
Total: 98% of population
Unimproved:
Urban: 2% of population
Rural: 2% of population
Total: 2% of population (2008)

Sanitation Facility Access:

 Urban: 89% of population
Rural: 89% of population
Total: 89% of population
Unimproved:
Urban: 11% of population
Rural: 11% of population
Total: 11% of population (2000)

Education Expenditures:

 4.5% of GDP (2009)

Literacy:

 Definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
Total population: 90.1%
Male: 89.5%
Female: 90.6% (2001 est.)

Average Years of Schooling:

 Total: 13 years
Male: 13 years
Female: 14 years (2009)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24:

 Total: 40.8%
Male: 37.1%
Female: 45.5% (2004)

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GOVERNMENT


Country Name:

 Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Saint Lucia

Government Type:

 Parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

Capital:

 Name: Castries
Geographic coordinates: 14 01 N, 61 00 W
Time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative Divisions:

 11 quarters; Anse-la-Raye, Castries, Choiseul, Dauphin, Dennery, Gros-Islet, Laborie, Micoud, Praslin, Soufriere, Vieux-Fort

Independence:

 22 February 1979 (from the UK)

National Holiday:

 Independence Day, 22 February (1979)

Constitution:

 February 22, 1979

Legal System:

 English common law

International Law Organization Participation:

 Has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction

Suffrage:

 18 years of age; universal

Executive Branch:

 Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Dame Pearlette LOUISY (since September 1997)

Head of government: Prime Minister Kenny ANTHONY (since 30 November 2011)

Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

Elections: the monarchy is hereditary; the governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general

Legislative Branch:

 Bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (11 seats; six members appointed on the advice of the prime minister, three on the advice of the leader of the opposition, and two after consultation with religious, economic, and social groups) and the House of Assembly (17 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Elections: House of Assembly - last held on 28 November 2011 (next to be held in 2016)

Election results: House of Assembly - percent of vote by party - SLP 51%, UWP 47%; seats by party - SLP 11, UWP 6

Judicial Branch:

 Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (consists of a High Court and a Court of Appeals; based on Saint Lucia; three judges of the Supreme Court reside in Saint Lucia); member of the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ)

Political Parties and Leaders:

 National Alliance or NA [George ODLUM]; Saint Lucia Freedom Party or SFP [Martinus FRANCOIS]; Saint Lucia Labor Party or SLP [Kenneth ANTHONY]; Sou Tout Apwe Fete Fini or STAFF [Christopher HUNTE]; United Workers Party or UWP [Stephenson KING]

International Organization Participation:

 ACP, AOSIS, C, Caricom, CDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OIF, OPANAL, OPCW, PetroCaribe, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic Representation in the US:

 Chief of mission: Ambassador Michael LOUIS
Chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016
Telephone: [1] (202) 364-6792 through 6795
FAX: [1] (202) 364-6723
Consulate(s) general: Miami, New York

Diplomatic Representation From the US:

 The US does not have an embassy in Saint Lucia; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Saint Lucia

Flag Description:

 Blue, with a gold isosceles triangle below a black arrowhead; the upper edges of the arrowhead have a white border; the blue color represents the sky and sea, gold stands for sunshine and prosperity, and white and black the racial composition of the island (with the latter being dominant); the two major triangles invoke the twin Pitons (Gros Piton and Petit Piton), cone-shaped volcanic plugs that are a symbol of the island

National Symbols:

 Twin pitons (volcanic peaks); Saint Lucia parrot

National Anthem:

 Name: "Sons and Daughters of St. Lucia"
Lyrics/music: Charles JESSE/Leton Felix THOMAS

Note: adopted 1967

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ECONOMY


Economy - Overview:

 The island nation has been able to attract foreign business and investment, especially in its offshore banking and tourism industries, with a surge in foreign direct investment in 2006, attributed to the construction of several tourism projects. Although crops such as bananas, mangos, and avocados continue to be grown for export, tourism provides Saint Lucia's main source of income and the industry is the island's biggest employer. Tourism is the main source of foreign exchange, although tourism sector revenues declined with the global economic downturn as US and European travel dropped in 2009. The manufacturing sector is the most diverse in the Eastern Caribbean area, and the government is trying to revitalize the banana industry, although recent hurricanes have caused exports to contract. Saint Lucia is vulnerable to a variety of external shocks including volatile tourism receipts, natural disasters, and dependence on foreign oil. The public debt-to-GDP ratio is about 77% and high debt servicing obligations constrain the KING administration's ability to respond to adverse external shocks. Economic fundamentals remain solid, even though unemployment needs to be reduced.

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity):

 $1.798 billion (2010 est.)
$1.783 billion (2009 est.)
$1.849 billion (2008 est.)

Note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (Official Exchange Rate):

 $985 million (2010 est.)

GDP - Real Growth Rate:

 0.8% (2010 est.)
-3.6% (2009 est.)
0.7% (2008 est.)

GDP - Per Capita (PPP):

 $11,200 (2010 est.)
$11,100 (2009 est.)
$11,600 (2008 est.)

Note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - Composition By Sector:

 Agriculture: 4.9%
Industry: 18.3%
Services: 76.7% (2010 est.)

Labor Force:

 79,700 (2007)

Labor Force - By Occupation:

 Agriculture: 21.7%
Industry: 24.7%
Services: 53.6% (2002 est.)

Unemployment Rate:

 20% (2003 est.)

Population Below Poverty Line:

 NA%

Household Income / Consumption By Share:

 Lowest 10%: NA%
Highest 10%: NA%

Investment (Gross Fixed):

 21.1% of GDP (2010 est.)

Budget:

 Revenues: $320.9 million
Expenditures: $222.2 million (2010 est.)

Taxes and Other Revenues:

 32.6% of GDP (2010 est.)

Budget Surplus / Deficit:

 10% of GDP (2010 est.)

Inflation Rate (Consumer Prices):

 1.8% (2010 est.)
1% (2009 est.)

Central Bank Discount Rate:

 6.5% (31 December 2010 est.)
6.5% (31 December 2009 est.)

Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate:

 10.625% (31 December 2010 est.)
10.6% (31 December 2009 est.)

Stock of Money:

 $261.3 million (31 December 2008)
$264.7 million (31 December 2007)

Stock of Quasi Money:

 $800.1 million (31 December 2008)
$720.9 million (31 December 2007)

Stock of Narrow Money:

 $263.2 million (31 December 2010 est.)
$232.1 million (31 December 2009 est.)

Stock of Broad Money:

 $1.349 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
$1.261 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

Stock of Domestic Credit:

 $1.676 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
$1.563 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

Agriculture - Products:

 Bananas, coconuts, vegetables, citrus, root crops, cocoa

Industries:

 Clothing, assembly of electronic components, beverages, corrugated cardboard boxes, tourism; lime processing, coconut processing

Industrial Production Growth Rate:

 NA%

Electricity - Production:

 341.2 million kWh (2009 est.)

Electricity - Production By Source:

 Fossil fuel: 100%
Hydro: 0%
Nuclear: 0%
Other: 0% (2001)

Electricity - Consumption:

 308 million kWh (2008 est.)

Electricity - Exports:

 0 kWh (2009 est.)

Electricity - Imports:

 0 kWh (2009 est.)

Oil - Production:

 0 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Oil - Consumption:

 3,000 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Oil - Exports:

 0 bbl/day (2009 est.)

Oil - Imports:

 2,692 bbl/day (2009 est.)

Oil - Proven Reserves:

 0 bbl (1 January 2011 est.)

Natural Gas - Production:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Consumption:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Exports:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Imports:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Proven Reserves:

 0 cu m (1 January 2011 est.)

Current Account Balance:

 -$327.3 million (2010 est.)
-$133.4 million (2009 est.)

Exports:

 $130 million (2010 est.)
$191.3 million (2009 est.)

Exports - Commodities:

 Bananas 41%, clothing, cocoa, vegetables, fruits, coconut oil

Exports - Partners:

 UK 19.4%, US 17.2%, Peru 8.9%, Antigua and Barbuda 8.6%, Dominica 8.3%, Barbados 7.5%, Trinidad and Tobago 7%, Grenada 5.7% (2010)

Imports:

 $550 million (2010 est.)
$451.5 million (2009 est.)

Imports - Commodities:

 Food 23%, manufactured goods 21%, machinery and transportation equipment 19%, chemicals, fuels

Imports - Partners:

 Brazil 77.8%, US 11.4%, Trinidad and Tobago 4.8% (2010)

Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold:

 $206.3 million (31 December 2010 est.)
$174.8 million (31 December 2009 est.)

Debt - External:

 $366 million (31 December 2010 est.)
$416.4 million (31 December 2009 est.)

Exchange Rates:

 Convert East Caribbean Dollar to Any Currency

East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar -
2.7 (2010)
2.7 (2009)
2.7 (2005)
2.7 (2004)
2.7 (2003)

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COMMUNICATIONS


Telephones - Main Lines In Use:

 41,100 (2010)

Telephones - Cellular:

 179,300 (2010)

Telephone System:

 General assessment: an adequate system that is automatically switched

Domestic: fixed-line teledensity is 25 per 100 persons and mobile-cellular teledensity is roughly 110 per 100 persons

International: country code - 1-758; the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) and Southern Caribbean fiber optic system (SCF) submarine cables, along with Intelsat from Martinique, carry calls internationally; direct microwave radio relay link with Martinique and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; tropospheric scatter to Barbados

Broadcast Media:

 3 privately-owned television stations; 1 public television station operating on a cable network; multi-channel cable TV service is obtainable; a mix of state-owned and privately-owned broadcasters operate nearly 25 radio stations including repeater transmission stations (2007)

Radio Broadcast Stations:

 AM 2, FM 11, shortwave 0 (2008)

Television Broadcast Stations:

 2 (1 commercial broadcast station and 1 community antenna television or CATV channel) (2003)

Internet Country Code:

 .lc

Internet Hosts:

 106 (2010)

Internet Users:

 142,900 (2009)

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TRANSPORTATION


Airports:

 2 (2010)

Airports - With Paved Runways:

 Total: 2
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2010)

Roadways:

 Total: 1,210 km (2002)

Ports and Terminals:

 Castries, Cul-de-Sac, Vieux-Fort

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MILITARY


Military Branches:

 No regular military forces; Royal Saint Lucia Police Force (includes Special Service Unit and Coast Guard) (2010)

Manpower Available For Military Service:

 Males age 16-49: 41,414 (2010 est.)

Manpower Fit For Military Service:

 Males age 16-49: 32,688
Females age 16-49: 36,289 (2010 est.)

Manpower Reaching Militarily Significant Age Annually:

 Male: 1,574
Female: 1,502 (2010 est.)

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TRANSNATIONAL ISSUES


Disputes - International:

 Joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under UNCLOS, which permits Venezuela to extend its EEZ/continental shelf over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea

Illicit Drugs:

 Transit point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe

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Last Updated: December 2011

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