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 Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia

Geographic Coordinates:

 29 02 S, 167 57 E


 Total: 36 sq km
Land: 36 sq km
Water: 0 sq km

Area - Comparative:

 About 0.2 times the size of Washington, DC

Land Boundaries:

 0 km


 32 km (Rank: 189)

Maritime Claims:

 Territorial sea: 12 nm
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm


 Subtropical; mild, little seasonal temperature variation


 Volcanic formation with mostly rolling plains

Elevation Extremes:

 Lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Highest point: Mount Bates 319 m

Natural Resources:


Land Use:

 Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Other: 100% (2005)

Natural Hazards:

 Typhoons (especially May to July)

Geography - Note:

 Most of the 32 km coastline consists of almost inaccessible cliffs, but the land slopes down to the sea in one small southern area on Sydney Bay, where the capital of Kingston is situated

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 Noun: Norfolk Islander(s)
Adjective: Norfolk Islander(s)

Ethnic Groups:

 Descendants of the Bounty mutineers, Australian, New Zealander, Polynesian


 English (official), Norfolk (a mixture of 18th century English and ancient Tahitian)


 Protestant 45.6% (Anglican 31.8%, Uniting Church in Australia 10.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.2%), Roman Catholic 11.5%, other Christian 5.6%, none 19.9%, unspecified 16.6% (2006 census)


 2,169 (July 2011 est.)

Age Structure:

 0-14 years: 20.2%
15-64 years: 63.9%
65 years and over: 15.9% (2009 est.)

Population Growth Rate:

 0.006% (2011 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate:

 Total: NA
Male: NA
Female: NA

Life Expectancy At Birth:

 Total population: NA
Male: NA
Female: NA

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Country Name:

 Conventional long form: Territory of Norfolk Island
Conventional short form: Norfolk Island


 Name: Kingston
Geographic coordinates: 29 03 S, 167 58 E
Time difference: UTC+11.5 (16.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative Divisions:

 None (territory of Australia)

Dependency Status:

 Self-governing territory of Australia; administered from Canberra by the Department of Regional Australia, Regional Development and Local Government


 None (territory of Australia)

National Holiday:

 Bounty Day (commemorates the arrival of Pitcairn Islanders), 8 June (1856)


 Norfolk Island Act of 1979 as amended in 2005

Legal System:

 English common law and the laws of Australia


 18 years of age; universal

Executive Branch:

 Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by the Australian governor general

Head of government: Administrator Owen WALSH (since October 2007)

Cabinet: Executive Council made up of 4 of the 9 members of the Legislative Assembly; the council devises government policy and acts as an advisor to the administrator

Elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australia and represents the monarch and Australia

Legislative Branch:

 Unicameral Legislative Assembly (9 seats; members elected by electors who have nine equal votes each but only four votes can be given to any one candidate; members to serve three-year terms)

Elections: last held on 17 March 2010 (next to be held in 2013)

Election results: seats - independents 9 (note - no political parties)

Judicial Branch:

 Supreme Court; Court of Petty Sessions

International Organization Participation:


Diplomatic Representation in the US:

 None (territory of Australia)

Diplomatic Representation From the US:

 None (territory of Australia)

Flag Description:

 Three vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green with a large green Norfolk Island pine tree centered in the slightly wider white band; green stands for the rich vegetation on the island, and the pine tree - endemic to the island - is a symbol of Norfolk Island

Note: somewhat reminiscent of the flag of Canada with its use of only two colors and depiction of a prominent local floral symbol in the central white band

National Symbols:

 Norfolk Island pine

National Anthem:

 Name: "Come Ye Blessed"
Lyrics/music: New Testament/John Prindle SCOTT

Note: the local anthem, whose lyrics consist of the words from Matthew 25:34-36, 40, is also known as "The Pitcairn Anthem;" as a territory of Australia, "God Save the Queen" is official (see Australia), however, the island does not recognize "Advance Australia Fair"


 (territory of Australia)

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Economy - Overview:

 Tourism, the primary economic activity, has steadily increased over the years and has brought a level of prosperity unusual among inhabitants of the Pacific islands. The agricultural sector has become self sufficient in the production of beef, poultry, and eggs.

Labor Force:

 978 (2006)

Labor Force - By Occupation:

 Agriculture: 10%
Industry and services: 90% (2000 est.)


 Revenues: $4.6 million
Expenditures: $4.8 million (FY99/00)

Agriculture - Products:

 Norfolk Island pine seed, Kentia palm seed, cereals, vegetables, fruit; cattle, poultry


 Tourism, light industry, ready mixed concrete

Electricity - Production By Source:

 Fossil fuel: 0%
Hydro: 0%
Nuclear: 0%
Other: 0% (2002)


 $NA (FY91/92)

Exports - Commodities:

 Postage stamps, seeds of the Norfolk Island pine and Kentia palm, small quantities of avocados

Exchange Rates:

 Convert Australian Dollar to Any Currency

Australian dollars (AUD) per US dollar -
1.0902 (2010)
1.2822 (2009)
1.2059 (2008)
1.2137 (2007)
1.3285 (2006)

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Telephones - Main Lines In Use:

 2,532 (2004)

Telephone System:

 General assessment: adequate

Domestic: free local calls

International: country code - 672; undersea coaxial cable links with Australia and New Zealand; satellite earth station - 1

Broadcast Media:

 1 local radio station; broadcasts of several Australian radio and television stations are received via satellite (2009)

Radio Broadcast Stations:

 AM 1, FM 3, shortwave 0 (2005)

Television Broadcast Stations:

 1 (local programming station plus 2 repeaters that air Australian programs by satellite) (2005)

Internet Country Code:


Internet Hosts:

 93 (2010)

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 1 (2010)

Airports - With Paved Runways:

 Total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2010)


 Total: 80 km
Paved: 53 km
Unpaved: 27 km (2008)

Ports and Terminals:


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Military - Note:

 Defense is the responsibility of Australia

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Last Updated: December 2011

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