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INTRODUCTION


 
British influence and control over what would become Nigeria and Africa's most populous country grew through the 19th century. A series of constitutions after World War II granted Nigeria greater autonomy; independence came in 1960. Following nearly 16 years of military rule, a new constitution was adopted in 1999, and a peaceful transition to civilian government was completed. The government continues to face the daunting task of reforming a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues have been squandered through corruption and mismanagement, and institutionalizing democracy. In addition, Nigeria continues to experience longstanding ethnic and religious tensions. Although both the 2003 and 2007 presidential elections were marred by significant irregularities and violence, Nigeria is currently experiencing its... See More



GEOGRAPHY


Location:

 Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon

Geographic Coordinates:

 10 00 N, 8 00 E

Area:

 Total: 923,768 sq km
Land: 910,768 sq km
Water: 13,000 sq km

Area - Comparative:

 Slightly more than twice the size of California

Land Boundaries:

 Total: 4,047 km
Border countries: Benin 773 km, Cameroon 1,690 km, Chad 87 km, Niger 1,497 km

Coastline:

 853 km (Rank: 90)

Maritime Claims:

 Territorial sea: 12 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Climate:

 Varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north

Terrain:

 Southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north

Elevation Extremes:

 Lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Highest point: Chappal Waddi 2,419 m

Natural Resources:

 Natural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, arable land

Land Use:

 Arable land: 33.02%
Permanent crops: 3.14%
Other: 63.84% (2005)

Irrigated Land:

 2,930 sq km (2008)

Total Renewable Water Resources:

 286.2 cu km (2003)

Freshwater Withdrawal:

 Total: 8.01 cu km/yr (21%/10%/69%)
Per capita: 61 cu m/yr (2000)

Natural Hazards:

 Periodic droughts; flooding

Environment - Current Issues:

 Soil degradation; rapid deforestation; urban air and water pollution; desertification; oil pollution - water, air, and soil; has suffered serious damage from oil spills; loss of arable land; rapid urbanization

Environment - International Agreements:

 Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

Signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - Note:

 The Niger enters the country in the northwest and flows southward through tropical rain forests and swamps to its delta in the Gulf of Guinea

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PEOPLE AND SOCIETY


Nationality:

 Noun: Nigerian(s)
Adjective: Nigerian

Ethnic Groups:

 Nigeria, Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%

Languages:

 English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani, over 500 additional indigenous languages

Religions:

 Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10%

Population:

 155,215,573 (July 2011 est.)

Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Age Structure:

 0-14 years: 40.9% (male 32,476,681/female 31,064,539)
15-64 years: 55.9% (male 44,296,228/female 42,534,542)
65 years and over: 3.1% (male 2,341,228/female 2,502,355) (2011 est.)

Median Age:

 Total: 19.2 years
Male: 19.2 years
Female: 19.3 years (2011 est.)

Population Growth Rate:

 1.935% (2011 est.)

Birth Rate:

 35.51 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Death Rate:

 16.06 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)

Net Migration Rate:

 -0.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Urbanization:

 Urban population: 50% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization: 3.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Cities - Population:

 Lagos 10.203 million; Kano 3.304 million; Ibadan 2.762 million; ABUJA (capital) 1.857 million; Kaduna 1.519 million (2009)

Sex Ratio:

 At birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.94 male(s)/female
Total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate:

 840 deaths/100,000 live births (2008)

Infant Mortality Rate:

 Total: 91.54 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 97.42 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 85.31 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)

Life Expectancy At Birth:

 Total population: 47.56 years
Male: 46.76 years
Female: 48.41 years (2011 est.)

Total Fertility Rate:

 4.73 children born/woman (2011 est.)

Health Expenditures:

 5.8% of GDP (2009)

Physicians Density:

 0.395 physicians/1,000 population (2008)

Hospital Bed Density:

 0.53 beds/1,000 population (2004)

Drinking Water Source:

 Urban: 75% of population
Rural: 42% of population
Total: 58% of population
Unimproved:
Urban: 25% of population
Rural: 58% of population
Total: 42% of population (2008)

Sanitation Facility Access:

 Urban: 36% of population
Rural: 28% of population
Total: 32% of population
Unimproved:
Urban: 67% of population
Rural: 72% of population
Total: 68% of population (2008)

HIV/AIDS - Adult Prevalence Rate:

 3.6% (2009 est.)

HIV/AIDS - People Living With HIV/AIDS:

 3.3 million (2009 est.)

HIV/AIDS - Deaths:

 220,000 (2009 est.)

Major Infectious Diseases:

 Degree of risk: very high
Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne disease: malaria and yellow fever
Respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
Aerosolized dust or soil contact disease: one of the most highly endemic areas for Lassa fever
Water contact disease: leptospirosis and shistosomiasis
Animal contact disease: rabies

Note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)

Children Under 5 - Underweight:

 26.7% (2008)

Literacy:

 Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 68%
Male: 75.7%
Female: 60.6% (2003 est.)

Average Years of Schooling:

 Total: 9 years
Male: 10 years
Female: 8 years (2005)

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GOVERNMENT


Country Name:

 Conventional long form: Federal Republic of Nigeria
Conventional short form: Nigeria

Government Type:

 Federal republic

Capital:

 Name: Abuja
Geographic coordinates: 9 05 N, 7 32 E
Time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative Divisions:

 36 states and 1 territory*; Abia, Adamawa, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Cross River, Delta, Ebonyi, Edo, Ekiti, Enugu, Federal Capital Territory*, Gombe, Imo, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Lagos, Nassarawa, Niger, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Plateau, Rivers, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe, Zamfara

Independence:

 1 October 1960 (from the UK)

National Holiday:

 Independence Day (National Day), 1 October (1960)

Constitution:

 Adopted 5 May 1999; effective 29 May 1999

Legal System:

 Mixed legal system of English common law, Islamic law (in 12 northern states), and traditional law

International Law Organization Participation:

 Accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction

Suffrage:

 18 years of age; universal

Executive Branch:

 Chief of state: President Goodluck JONATHAN (since 5 May 2010, acting since 9 February 2010); Vice President Mohammed Namadi SAMBO (since 19 May 2010); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government; JONATHAN assumed the presidency on 5 May 2010 following the death of President YAR'ADUA; JONATHAN was declared Acting President on 9 February 2010 by the National Assembly during the extended illness of the former president

Head of government: President Goodluck JONATHAN (since 5 May 2010, acting since 9 February 2010); Vice President Mohammed Namadi SAMBO (since 19 May 2010)

Cabinet: Federal Executive Council

Elections: president elected by popular vote for a four-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 16 April 2011 (next to be held in April 2015)

Election results: Goodluck JONATHAN elected president; percent of vote - Goodluck JONATHAN 58.9%, Muhammadu BUHARI 32.0%, Nuhu RIBADU 5.4%, Ibrahim SHEKARAU 2.4%, other 1.3%

Legislative Branch:

 Bicameral National Assembly consists of the Senate (109 seats, 3 from each state plus 1 from Abuja; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) and House of Representatives (360 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

Elections: Senate - last held on 9 April 2011 (next to be held in 2015); House of Representatives - last held on 9 April 2011 (next to be held in 2015)

Election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PDP 45, ACN 13, ANPP 7, CPC 5, other 4; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PDP 123, ACN 47, CPC 30, ANPP 25, other 9; note - due to logistical problems elections in a number of constituencies were postponed

Judicial Branch:

 Supreme Court (judges recommended by the National Judicial Council and appointed by the president); Federal Court of Appeal (judges are appointed by the federal government from a pool of judges recommended by the National Judicial Council)

Political Parties and Leaders:

 Accord Party [Augustine MAZIE, acting]; Action Congress of Nigeria or ACN [Bisi AKANDE]; All Nigeria Peoples Party or ANPP [Ogbonnaya ONU]; All Progressives Grand Alliance or APGA [Victor C. UMEH]; Alliance for Democracy or AD [Mojisoluwa AKINFENWA]; Conference of Nigerian Political Parities or CNPP [Abdulkadir Balarabe MUSA]; Congress for Progressive Change or CPC; Democratic Peoples Party or DPP [Jeremiah USENI]; Fresh Democratic Party [Chris OKOTIE]; Labor Party [Dan NWANYANWU]; National Democratic Party or NDP [Aliyu Habu FARI]; Peoples Democratic Party or PDP [Dr. Okwesilieze NWODO]; Peoples Progressive Alliance [Larry ESIN]

Political Pressure Groups and Leaders:

 Academic Staff Union for Universities or ASUU; Campaign for Democracy or CD; Civil Liberties Organization or CLO; Committee for the Defense of Human Rights or CDHR; Constitutional Right Project or CRP; Human Right Africa; National Association of Democratic Lawyers or NADL; National Association of Nigerian Students or NANS; Nigerian Bar Association or NBA; Nigerian Labor Congress or NLC; Nigerian Medical Association or NMA; the press; Universal Defenders of Democracy or UDD

International Organization Participation:

 ACP, AfDB, AU, C, CD, D-8, ECOWAS, FAO, G-15, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINURSO, MONUSCO, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNISFA, UNITAR, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic Representation in the US:

 Chief of mission: Ambassador Adebowale Ibidapo ADEFUYE
Chancery: 3519 International Court NW, Washington, DC 20008
Telephone: [1] (202) 986-8400
FAX: [1] (202) 775-1385
Consulate(s) general: Atlanta, New York

Diplomatic Representation From the US:

 Chief of mission: Ambassador Terence P. MCCULLEY
Embassy: 1075 Diplomatic Drive, Central District Area, Abuja
Mailing address: P. O. Box 5760, Garki, Abuja
Telephone: [234] (9) 461-4000
FAX: [234] (9) 461-4036

Flag Description:

 Three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green; the color green represents the forests and abundant natural wealth of the country, white stands for peace and unity

National Symbols:

 Eagle

National Anthem:

 Name: "Arise Oh Compatriots, Nigeria's Call Obey"
Lyrics/music: John A. ILECHUKWU, Eme Etim AKPAN, B. A. OGUNNAIKE, Sotu OMOIGUI and P. O. ADERIBIGBE/Benedict Elide ODIASE

Note: adopted 1978; the lyrics are a mixture of five of the top entries in a national contest

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ECONOMY


Economy - Overview:

 Oil-rich Nigeria has been hobbled by political instability, corruption, inadequate infrastructure, and poor macroeconomic management but in 2008 began pursuing economic reforms. Nigeria's former military rulers failed to diversify the economy away from its overdependence on the capital-intensive oil sector, which provides 95% of foreign exchange earnings and about 80% of budgetary revenues. Following the signing of an IMF stand-by agreement in August 2000, Nigeria received a debt-restructuring deal from the Paris Club and a $1 billion credit from the IMF, both contingent on economic reforms. Nigeria pulled out of its IMF program in April 2002, after failing to meet spending and exchange rate targets, making it ineligible for additional debt forgiveness from the Paris Club. In November 2005, Abuja won Paris Club approval for a debt-relief deal that eliminated $18 billion of debt in exchange for $12 billion in payments - a total package worth $30 billion of Nigeria's total $37 billion external debt. Since 2008 the government has begun to show the political will to implement the market-oriented reforms urged by the IMF, such as modernizing the banking system, curbing inflation by blocking excessive wage demands, and resolving regional disputes over the distribution of earnings from the oil industry. GDP rose strongly in 2007-10 because of increased oil exports and high global crude prices in 2010. President JONATHAN has pledged to continue the economic reforms of his predecessor with emphasis on infrastructure improvements. Infrastructure is the main impediment to growth and in August 2010 JONATHAN unveiled a power sector blueprint that includes privatization of the state-run electricity generation and distribution facilities. The government also is working toward developing stronger public-private partnerships for roads. Nigeria's financial sector was hurt by the global financial and economic crises and the Central Bank governor has taken measures to strengthen that sector.

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity):

 $377.9 billion (2010 est.)
$348.7 billion (2009 est.)
$326 billion (2008 est.)

Note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (Official Exchange Rate):

 $216.8 billion (2010 est.)

GDP - Real Growth Rate:

 8.4% (2010 est.)
7% (2009 est.)
6% (2008 est.)

GDP - Per Capita (PPP):

 $2,500 (2010 est.)
$2,300 (2009 est.)
$2,200 (2008 est.)

Note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - Composition By Sector:

 Agriculture: 30%
Industry: 32%
Services: 38% (2010 est.)

Labor Force:

 50.48 million (2010 est.)

Labor Force - By Occupation:

 Agriculture: 70%
Industry: 10%
Services: 20% (1999 est.)

Unemployment Rate:

 4.9% (2007 est.)

Population Below Poverty Line:

 70% (2007 est.)

Household Income / Consumption By Share:

 Lowest 10%: 2%
Highest 10%: 32.4% (2004)

Distribution of Family Income - Gini Index:

 43.7 (2003)
50.6 (1997)

Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons:

 Refugees (country of origin): 5,778 (Liberia)
IDPs: undetermined (communal violence between Christians and Muslims since President OBASANJO's election in 1999; displacement is mostly short-term) (2007)

Investment (Gross Fixed):

 13.6% of GDP (2010 est.)

Budget:

 Revenues: $20.55 billion
Expenditures: $27.9 billion (2010 est.)

Taxes and Other Revenues:

 9.5% of GDP (2010 est.)

Budget Surplus / Deficit:

 -3.4% of GDP (2010 est.)

Public Debt:

 17.8% of GDP (2010 est.)
15.3% of GDP (2009 est.)

Inflation Rate (Consumer Prices):

 13.7% (2010 est.)
11.5% (2009 est.)

Central Bank Discount Rate:

 4.25% (31 December 2010 est.)
6% (31 December 2009 est.)

Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate:

 17.585% (31 December 2010 est.)
18.362% (31 December 2009 est.)

Stock of Money:

 $35.29 billion (31 December 2008)
$26.82 billion (31 December 2007)

Stock of Quasi Money:

 $32.04 billion (31 December 2008)
$22.78 billion (31 December 2007)

Stock of Narrow Money:

 $34.65 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
$33.45 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

Stock of Broad Money:

 $74.08 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
$71.98 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

Stock of Domestic Credit:

 $70.1 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
$61.9 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

Market Value of Publicly Traded Shares:

 $50.88 billion (31 December 2010)
$33.32 billion (31 December 2009)
$49.8 billion (31 December 2008)

Agriculture - Products:

 Cocoa, peanuts, cotton, palm oil, corn, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava (tapioca), yams, rubber; cattle, sheep, goats, pigs; timber; fish

Industries:

 Crude oil, coal, tin, columbite; rubber products, wood; hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizer, printing, ceramics, steel

Industrial Production Growth Rate:

 5.3% (2010 est.)

Electricity - Production:

 20.13 billion kWh (2008 est.)

Electricity - Production By Source:

 Fossil fuel: 61.9%
Hydro: 38.1%
Nuclear: 0%
Other: 0% (2001)

Electricity - Consumption:

 18.14 billion kWh (2008 est.)

Electricity - Exports:

 0 kWh (2009 est.)

Electricity - Imports:

 0 kWh (2009 est.)

Oil - Production:

 2.458 million bbl/day (2010 est.)

Oil - Consumption:

 279,000 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Oil - Exports:

 2.102 million bbl/day (2009 est.)

Oil - Imports:

 187,700 bbl/day (2009 est.)

Oil - Proven Reserves:

 37.2 billion bbl (1 January 2011 est.)

Natural Gas - Production:

 23.21 billion cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Consumption:

 7.216 billion cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Exports:

 15.99 billion cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Imports:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Proven Reserves:

 5.292 trillion cu m (1 January 2011 est.)

Current Account Balance:

 $21.85 billion (2010 est.)
$13.15 billion (2009 est.)

Exports:

 $73.7 billion (2010 est.)
$56.12 billion (2009 est.)

Exports - Commodities:

 Petroleum and petroleum products 95%, cocoa, rubber

Exports - Partners:

 US 37.4%, India 10.5%, Brazil 7.8%, Spain 6.9% (2010)

Imports:

 $53.46 billion (2010 est.)
$30.78 billion (2009 est.)

Imports - Commodities:

 Machinery, chemicals, transport equipment, manufactured goods, food and live animals

Imports - Partners:

 China 15.4%, Netherlands 9.7%, US 9.3%, France 4.8%, UK 4.2% (2010)

Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold:

 $34.92 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
$44.76 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

Debt - External:

 $9.16 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
$7.846 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

Stock of Direct Foreign Investment - Abroad:

 $9.521 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
$8.606 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

Stock of Direct Foreign Investment - At Home:

 $69.4 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
$63.35 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

Exchange Rates:

 Convert Nigerian Naira to Any Currency

Nairas (NGN) per US dollar -
150.88 (2010)
148.9 (2009)
117.8 (2008)
127.46 (2007)
127.38 (2006)

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COMMUNICATIONS


Telephones - Main Lines In Use:

 1.05 million (2010)

Telephones - Cellular:

 87.298 million (2010)

Telephone System:

 General assessment: further expansion and modernization of the fixed-line telephone network is needed; network quality remains a problem

Domestic: the addition of a second fixed-line provider in 2002 resulted in faster growth but subscribership remains only about 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular services growing rapidly, in part responding to the shortcomings of the fixed-line network; multiple cellular providers operate nationally with subscribership reaching 50 per 100 persons in 2009

International: country code - 234; landing point for the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe and Asia; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (2 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean) (2009)

Broadcast Media:

 Nearly 70 federal-government-controlled national and regional TV stations; all 36 states operate TV stations; several private TV stations operational; cable and satellite TV subscription services are available; network of federal-government-controlled national, regional, and state radio stations; roughly 40 state-government-owned radio stations typically carry their own programs except for news broadcasts; about 20 private radio stations also operate; transmissions of international broadcasters are available (2007)

Radio Broadcast Stations:

 AM 83, FM 36, shortwave 11 (2001)

Television Broadcast Stations:

 3 (the government controls 2 of the broadcasting stations and 15 repeater stations) (2001)

Internet Country Code:

 .ng

Internet Hosts:

 1,378 (2010)

Internet Users:

 43.989 million (2009)

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TRANSPORTATION


Airports:

 54 (2010)

Airports - With Paved Runways:

 Total: 38
Over 3,047 m: 9
2,438 to 3,047 m: 11
1,524 to 2,437 m: 10
914 to 1,523 m: 5
Under 914 m: 3 (2010)

Airports - With Unpaved Runways:

 Total: 16
Over 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 11
Under 914 m: 2 (2010)

Heliports:

 4 (2010)

Pipelines:

 Condensate 26 km; gas 2,756 km; liquid petroleum gas 97 km; oil 3,441 km; refined products 4,090 km (2010)

Railways:

 Total: 3,505 km
Narrow gauge: 3,505 km 1.067-m gauge (2010)

Roadways:

 Total: 193,200 km
Paved: 28,980 km
Unpaved: 164,220 km (2004)

Waterways:

 8,600 km (Niger and Benue rivers and smaller rivers and creeks) (2009)

Merchant Marine:

 Total: 98
By type: cargo 4, chemical tanker 30, liquefied gas 2, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 60, specialized tanker 1
Foreign-owned: 4 (India 1, Spain 1, UK 2)
Registered in other countries: 37 (Bahamas 2, Belize 2, Bermuda 11, Comoros 1, Italy 1, Liberia 4, Malaysia 1, Malta 1, North Korea 1, Panama 7, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1, Seychelles 1, unknown 4) (2010)

Ports and Terminals:

 Bonny Inshore Terminal, Calabar, Lagos

Transportation - Note:

 The International Maritime Bureau reports the territorial and offshore waters in the Niger Delta and Gulf of Guinea as high risk for piracy and armed robbery against ships; in 2010, 19 commercial vessels were boarded or attacked with most occurring in the vicinity of the port of Lagos; crews were robbed and stores or cargoes stolen

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MILITARY


Military Branches:

 Nigerian Armed Forces: Army, Navy, Air Force (2008)

Military Service Age and Obligation:

 18 years of age for voluntary military service (2007)

Manpower Available For Military Service:

 Males age 16-49: 37,087,711
Females age 16-49: 35,232,127 (2010 est.)

Manpower Fit For Military Service:

 Males age 16-49: 20,839,976
Females age 16-49: 19,867,683 (2010 est.)

Manpower Reaching Militarily Significant Age Annually:

 Male: 1,767,428
Female: 1,687,719 (2010 est.)

Military Expenditures:

 1.5% of GDP (2006)

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TRANSNATIONAL ISSUES


Disputes - International:

 Joint Border Commission with Cameroon reviewed 2002 ICJ ruling on the entire boundary and bilaterally resolved differences, including June 2006 Greentree Agreement that immediately cedes sovereignty of the Bakassi Peninsula to Cameroon with a phase-out of Nigerian control within two years while resolving patriation issues; the ICJ ruled on an equidistance settlement of Cameroon-Equatorial Guinea-Nigeria maritime boundary in the Gulf of Guinea, but imprecisely defined coordinates in the ICJ decision and a sovereignty dispute between Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon over an island at the mouth of the Ntem River all contribute to the delay in implementation; only Nigeria and Cameroon have heeded the Lake Chad Commission's admonition to ratify the delimitation treaty which also includes the Chad-Niger and Niger-Nigeria boundaries; location of Benin-Niger-Nigeria tripoint is unresolved

Illicit Drugs:

 A transit point for heroin and cocaine intended for European, East Asian, and North American markets; consumer of amphetamines; safe haven for Nigerian narcotraffickers operating worldwide; major money-laundering center; massive corruption and criminal activity; Nigeria has improved some anti-money-laundering controls, resulting in its removal from the Financial Action Task Force's (FATF's) Noncooperative Countries and Territories List in June 2006; Nigeria's anti-money-laundering regime continues to be monitored by FATF

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Last Updated: December 2011

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