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 Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga

Geographic Coordinates:

 19 02 S, 169 52 W


 Total: 260 sq km
Land: 260 sq km
Water: 0 sq km

Area - Comparative:

 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land Boundaries:

 0 km


 64 km (Rank: 176)

Maritime Claims:

 Territorial sea: 12 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


 Tropical; modified by southeast trade winds


 Steep limestone cliffs along coast, central plateau

Elevation Extremes:

 Lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Highest point: unnamed elevation near Mutalau settlement 68 m

Natural Resources:

 Fish, arable land

Land Use:

 Arable land: 11.54%
Permanent crops: 15.38%
Other: 73.08% (2005)

Natural Hazards:


Environment - Current Issues:

 Increasing attention to conservationist practices to counter loss of soil fertility from traditional slash and burn agriculture

Environment - International Agreements:

 Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection

Geography - Note:

 One of world's largest coral islands

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 Noun: Niuean(s)
Adjective: Niuean

Ethnic Groups:

 Niuen 78.2%, Pacific islander 10.2%, European 4.5%, mixed 3.9%, Asian 0.2%, unspecified 3% (2001 census)


 English (official), Niuean (a Polynesian language closely related to Tongan and Samoan)


 Ekalesia Niue (Niuean Church - a Protestant church closely related to the London Missionary Society) 61.1%, Latter-Day Saints 8.8%, Roman Catholic 7.2%, Jehovah's Witnesses 2.4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.4%, other 8.4%, unspecified 8.7%, none 1.9% (2001 census)


 1,311 (July 2011 est.)

Age Structure:

 0-14 years: NA
15-64 years: NA
65 years and over: NA (2009 est.)

Population Growth Rate:

 -0.032% (2011 est.)


 Urban population: 38% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization: -1.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate:

 Total: NA
Male: NA
Female: NA

Life Expectancy At Birth:

 Total population: NA
Male: NA
Female: NA

Health Expenditures:

 13.5% of GDP (2009)

Physicians Density:

 4 physicians/1,000 population (2006)

Drinking Water Source:

 Urban: 100% of population
Rural: 100% of population
Total: 100% of population (2008)

Sanitation Facility Access:

 Urban: 100% of population
Rural: 100% of population
Total: 100% of population (2008)


 Definition: NA
Total population: 95%
Male: NA
Female: NA

Average Years of Schooling:

 Total: 13 years
Male: 12 years
Female: 16 years (2005)

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Country Name:

 Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Niue

Note: pronunciation falls between nyu-way and new-way, but not like new-wee
Former: Savage Island

Government Type:

 Self-governing parliamentary democracy


 Name: Alofi
Geographic coordinates: 19 01 S, 169 55 W
Time difference: UTC-11 (6 hours behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative Divisions:

 None; note - there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 14 villages at the second order

Dependency Status:

 Self-governing in free association with New Zealand since 1974; Niue fully responsible for internal affairs; New Zealand retains responsibility for external affairs and defense; however, these responsibilities confer no rights of control and are only exercised at the request of the Government of Niue


 19 October 1974 (Niue became a self-governing parliamentary government in free association with New Zealand)

National Holiday:

 Waitangi Day (Treaty of Waitangi established British sovereignty over New Zealand), 6 February (1840)


 19 October 1974 (Niue Constitution Act)

Legal System:

 English common law


 18 years of age; universal

Executive Branch:

 Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General of New Zealand Anand SATYANAND (since 23 August 2006); the UK and New Zealand are represented by New Zealand High Commissioner Mark BLUMSKY (since September 2011)

Head of government: Premier Toke TALAGI (since 18 June 2008)

Cabinet: Cabinet consists of the premier and 3 ministers

Elections: the monarchy is hereditary; premier elected by the Legislative Assembly for a three-year term; election last held on 16 May 2011 (next to be held in 2014)

Election results: Toke TALAGI reelected premier in Legislative Assembly vote; Toke TALAGI - 11, Togia SIONEHOLO - 8

Legislative Branch:

 Unicameral Legislative Assembly (20 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms; six elected from a common roll and 14 are village representatives)

Elections: last held on 7 May 2011 (next to be held in 2014)

Election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - 20 independents

Judicial Branch:

 Supreme Court of New Zealand; High Court of Niue

Political Parties and Leaders:

 Alliance of Independents or AI; Niue People's Action Party or NPP [Young VIVIAN]

International Organization Participation:


Diplomatic Representation in the US:

 None (self-governing territory in free association with New Zealand)

Diplomatic Representation From the US:

 None (self-governing territory in free association with New Zealand)

Flag Description:

 Yellow with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant; the flag of the UK bears five yellow five-pointed stars - a large star on a blue disk in the center and a smaller star on each arm of the bold red cross; the larger star stands for Niue, the smaller stars recall the Southern Cross constellation on the New Zealand flag and symbolize links with that country; yellow represents the bright sunshine of Niue and the warmth and friendship between Niue and New Zealand

National Anthem:

 Name: "Ko e Iki he Lagi" (The Lord in Heaven)
Lyrics/music: unknown/unknown, prepared by Sioeli FUSIKATA

Note: adopted 1974


 (self-governing in free association with New Zealand)

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Economy - Overview:

 The economy suffers from the typical Pacific island problems of geographic isolation, few resources, and a small population. Government expenditures regularly exceed revenues, and the shortfall is made up by critically needed grants from New Zealand that are used to pay wages to public employees. Niue has cut government expenditures by reducing the public service by almost half. The agricultural sector consists mainly of subsistence gardening, although some cash crops are grown for export. Industry consists primarily of small factories to process passion fruit, lime oil, honey, and coconut cream. The sale of postage stamps to foreign collectors is an important source of revenue. The island in recent years has suffered a serious loss of population because of emigration to New Zealand. Efforts to increase GDP include the promotion of tourism and financial services, although the International Banking Repeal Act of 2002 resulted in the termination of all offshore banking licenses. Economic aid from New Zealand in FY08/09 was US$5.7 million. Niue suffered a devastating typhoon in January 2004, which decimated nascent economic programs. While in the process of rebuilding, Niue has been dependent on foreign aid.

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity):

 $10.01 million (2003 est.)

GDP (Official Exchange Rate):

 $10.01 million (2003)

GDP - Real Growth Rate:

 6.2% (2003 est.)

GDP - Per Capita (PPP):

 $5,800 (2003 est.)

GDP - Composition By Sector:

 Agriculture: 23.5%
Industry: 26.9%
Services: 49.5% (2003)

Labor Force:

 663 (2001)

Labor Force - By Occupation:

 Note: most work on family plantations; paid work exists only in government service, small industry, and the Niue Development Board

Unemployment Rate:

 12% (2001)

Population Below Poverty Line:


Household Income / Consumption By Share:

 Lowest 10%: NA%
Highest 10%: NA%


 Revenues: $15.07 million
Expenditures: $16.33 million (FY04/05)

Taxes and Other Revenues:

 150.5% of GDP (FY04/05)

Budget Surplus / Deficit:

 -12.6 (FY04/05)

Inflation Rate (Consumer Prices):

 4% (2005)

Agriculture - Products:

 Coconuts, passion fruit, honey, limes, taro, yams, cassava (tapioca), sweet potatoes; pigs, poultry, beef cattle


 Handicrafts, food processing

Industrial Production Growth Rate:


Electricity - Production:

 3 million kWh (2008 est.)

Electricity - Production By Source:

 Fossil fuel: 100%
Hydro: 0%
Nuclear: 0%
Other: 0% (2001)

Electricity - Consumption:

 2.79 million kWh (2008 est.)

Electricity - Exports:

 0 kWh (2009 est.)

Electricity - Imports:

 0 kWh (2009 est.)

Oil - Production:

 0 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Oil - Consumption:

 40 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Oil - Exports:

 0 bbl/day (2009 est.)

Oil - Imports:

 33 bbl/day (2009 est.)

Oil - Proven Reserves:

 0 bbl (1 January 2011 est.)

Natural Gas - Production:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Consumption:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Exports:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Imports:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Proven Reserves:

 0 cu m (1 January 2011 est.)


 $201,400 (2004)

Exports - Commodities:

 Canned coconut cream, copra, honey, vanilla, passion fruit products, pawpaws, root crops, limes, footballs, stamps, handicrafts


 $9.038 million (2004)

Imports - Commodities:

 Food, live animals, manufactured goods, machinery, fuels, lubricants, chemicals, drugs

Debt - External:

 $418,000 (2002 est.)

Exchange Rates:

 Convert New Zealand Dollar to Any Currency

New Zealand dollars (NZD) per US dollar -
1.3874 (2010)
1.6002 (2009)
1.4151 (2008)
1.3811 (2007)
1.5408 (2006)

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Telephones - Main Lines In Use:

 1,200 (2010)

Telephones - Cellular:

 600 (2004)

Telephone System:

 Domestic: single-line telephone system connects all villages on island

International: country code - 683 (2001)

Broadcast Media:

 1 government-owned television station with many of the programs supplied by Television New Zealand; 1 government-owned radio station broadcasting in AM and FM (2009)

Radio Broadcast Stations:

 AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)

Television Broadcast Stations:

 1 (1997)

Internet Country Code:


Internet Hosts:

 397,270 (2010)

Internet Users:

 1,100 (2009)

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 1 (2010)

Airports - With Paved Runways:

 Total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2010)


 Total: 120 km
Paved: 120 km (2008)

Ports and Terminals:


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Military Branches:

 No regular indigenous military forces; Police Force

Military - Note:

 Defense is the responsibility of New Zealand

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Last Updated: December 2011

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