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 Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about midway between Peru and New Zealand

Geographic Coordinates:

 25 04 S, 130 06 W


 Total: 47 sq km
Land: 47 sq km
Water: 0 sq km

Area - Comparative:

 About three tenths the size of Washington, DC

Land Boundaries:

 0 km


 51 km (Rank: 182)

Maritime Claims:

 Territorial sea: 3 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


 Tropical; hot and humid; modified by southeast trade winds; rainy season (November to March)


 Rugged volcanic formation; rocky coastline with cliffs

Elevation Extremes:

 Lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Highest point: Big Ridge 347 m

Natural Resources:

 Miro trees (used for handicrafts), fish

Note: manganese, iron, copper, gold, silver, and zinc have been discovered offshore

Land Use:

 Arable land: NA
Permanent crops: NA
Other: NA

Natural Hazards:

 Typhoons (especially November to March)

Environment - Current Issues:

 Deforestation (only a small portion of the original forest remains because of burning and clearing for settlement)

Geography - Note:

 Britain's most isolated dependency; only the larger island of Pitcairn is inhabited but it has no port or natural harbor; supplies must be transported by rowed longboat from larger ships stationed offshore

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 Noun: Pitcairn Islander(s)
Adjective: Pitcairn Islander

Ethnic Groups:

 Descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian wives


 English (official), Pitkern (mixture of an 18th century English dialect and a Tahitian dialect)


 Seventh-Day Adventist 100%


 48 (July 2011 est.)

Age Structure:

 0-14 years: NA
15-64 years: NA
65 years and over: NA (2009 est.)

Population Growth Rate:

 0% (2011 est.)


 Urban population: 0% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization: 0% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate:

 Total: NA
Male: NA
Female: NA

Life Expectancy At Birth:

 Total population: NA
Male: NA
Female: NA

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Country Name:

 Conventional long form: Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands
Conventional short form: Pitcairn Islands


 Name: Adamstown
Geographic coordinates: 25 04 S, 130 05 W
Time difference: UTC-9 (4 hours behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative Divisions:

 None (overseas territory of the UK)

Dependency Status:

 Overseas territory of the UK


 None (overseas territory of the UK)

National Holiday:

 Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II, second Saturday in June (1926)


 The Pitcairn Constitution Order 2010, effective 4 March 2010

Legal System:

 Local island by-laws


 18 years of age; universal with three years residency

Executive Branch:

 Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by UK High Commissioner to New Zealand and Governor (nonresident) of the Pitcairn Islands Victoria M. TREADELL (since May 2010); Commissioner (nonresident) Leslie JAQUES (since September 2003) serves as liaison between the governor and the Island Council

Head of government: Mayor and Chairman of the Island Council Mike WARREN (since 1 January 2008)

Cabinet: NA

Elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor and commissioner appointed by the monarch; island mayor elected by popular vote for a three-year term; election last held in December 2010 (next to be held in December 2013)

Election results: Mike WARREN reelected mayor and chairman of the Island Council

Legislative Branch:

 Unicameral Island Council (11 seats; mayor, deputy mayor, 4 members elected by popular vote, 1 member appointed by the governor, 3 ex officio members including governor, deputy governor, and commissioner; deputy mayor and elected members serve two-year terms)

Elections: last held on 24 December 2009 (next to be held on 24 December 2011)

Election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - 4 independents

Judicial Branch:

 Magistrate's Court; Supreme Court; Court of Appeal; judicial officers are appointed by the governor

International Organization Participation:


Diplomatic Representation in the US:

 None (overseas territory of the UK)

Diplomatic Representation From the US:

 None (overseas territory of the UK)

Flag Description:

 Blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Pitcairn Islander coat of arms centered on the outer half of the flag; the green, yellow, and blue of the shield represents the island rising from the ocean; the green field features a yellow anchor surmounted by a bible (both the anchor and the bible were items found on the HMS Bounty); sitting on the crest is a Pitcairn Island wheelbarrow from which springs a slip of miro (a local plant)

National Anthem:

 Name: "We From Pitcairn Island"
Lyrics/music: unknown/Frederick M. LEHMAN

Note: serves as a local anthem; as a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)


 (overseas territory of the UK)

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Economy - Overview:

 The inhabitants of this tiny isolated economy exist on fishing, subsistence farming, handicrafts, and postage stamps. The fertile soil of the valleys produces a wide variety of fruits and vegetables, including citrus, sugarcane, watermelons, bananas, yams, and beans. Bartering is an important part of the economy. The major sources of revenue are the sale of postage stamps to collectors and the sale of handicrafts to passing ships. In October 2004, more than one-quarter of Pitcairn's small labor force was arrested, putting the economy in a bind, since their services were required as lighter crew to load or unload passing ships.

Labor Force:

 15 able-bodied men (2004)

Labor Force - By Occupation:

 Note: no business community in the usual sense; some public works; subsistence farming and fishing


 Revenues: $746,000
Expenditures: $1.028 million (FY04/05)

Agriculture - Products:

 Honey; wide variety of fruits and vegetables; goats, chickens, fish


 Postage stamps, handicrafts, beekeeping, honey

Electricity - Production:

 NA kWh
note - electric power is provided by a small diesel-powered generator

Exports - Commodities:

 Fruits, vegetables, curios, stamps

Imports - Commodities:

 Fuel oil, machinery, building materials, flour, sugar, other foodstuffs

Exchange Rates:

 Convert New Zealand Dollar to Any Currency

New Zealand dollars (NZD) per US dollar -
1.3874 (2010)
1.6002 (2009)
1.4151 (2008)
1.3811 (2007)
1.5408 (2006)

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Telephones - Main Lines In Use:

 1 (there are 17 telephones on one party line) (2004)

Telephone System:

 General assessment: satellite phone services

Domestic: domestic communication via radio (CB)

International: country code - 872; satellite earth station - 1 (Inmarsat)

Broadcast Media:

 No local broadcast television or radio stations (2009)

Radio Broadcast Stations:

 AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0 (15 ham radio operators (VP6)) (2004)

Internet Country Code:


Internet Hosts:

 20 (2010)

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Ports and Terminals:

 Adamstown (on Bounty Bay)

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Military - Note:

 Defense is the responsibility of the UK

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Last Updated: December 2011

Pitcairn Islands Main Page World Factbook Main Page


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