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 Caribbean, two island groups in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of The Bahamas, north of Haiti

Geographic Coordinates:

 21 45 N, 71 35 W


 Total: 948 sq km
Land: 948 sq km
Water: 0 sq km

Area - Comparative:

 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land Boundaries:

 0 km


 389 km (Rank: 120)

Maritime Claims:

 Territorial sea: 12 nm
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm


 Tropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry


 Low, flat limestone; extensive marshes and mangrove swamps

Elevation Extremes:

 Lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
Highest point: Flamingo Hill 48 m

Natural Resources:

 Spiny lobster, conch

Land Use:

 Arable land: 2.33%
Permanent crops: 0%
Other: 97.67% (2005)

Natural Hazards:

 Frequent hurricanes

Environment - Current Issues:

 Limited natural freshwater resources, private cisterns collect rainwater

Geography - Note:

 About 40 islands (eight inhabited)

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 Noun: none
Adjective: none

Ethnic Groups:

 Black 87.6%, white 7.9%, mixed 2.5%, East Indian 1.3%, other 0.7% (2001 census)


 English (official)


 Protestant 72.8% (Baptist 35.8%, Church of God 11.7%, Anglican 10%, Methodist 9.3%, Seventh-Day Adventist 6%), Roman Catholic 11.4%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.8%, other 14% (2001)


 44,819 (July 2011 est.)

Age Structure:

 0-14 years: 22.7% (male 5,188/female 5,008)
15-64 years: 73.2% (male 16,653/female 16,156)
65 years and over: 4% (male 813/female 1,001) (2011 est.)

Median Age:

 Total: 30.4 years
Male: 30.8 years
Female: 30.1 years (2011 est.)

Population Growth Rate:

 3.485% (2011 est.)

Birth Rate:

 17.76 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Death Rate:

 2.99 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)

Net Migration Rate:

 20.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)


 Urban population: 93% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization: 1.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Cities - Population:

 GRAND TURK (capital) 6,000 (2009)

Sex Ratio:

 At birth: 1.052 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.98 male(s)/female
Total population: 1.07 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate:

 Total: 11.97 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 15.02 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 8.77 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)

Life Expectancy At Birth:

 Total population: 79.11 years
Male: 76.39 years
Female: 81.97 years (2011 est.)

Total Fertility Rate:

 1.7 children born/woman (2011 est.)

Drinking Water Source:

 Urban: 100% of population
Rural: 100% of population
Total: 100% of population (2008)

Sanitation Facility Access:

 Urban: 98% of population
Rural: 94% of population
Total: 96% of population
Urban: 2% of population
Rural: 6% of population
Total: 4% of population (2000)


 Definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
Total population: 98%
Male: 99%
Female: 98% (1970 est.)

Average Years of Schooling:

 Total: 11 years
Male: 11 years
Female: 12 years (2005)

People - Note:

 Destination and transit point for illegal Haitian immigrants bound for the Turks and Caicos Islands, The Bahamas, and the US

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Country Name:

 Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Turks and Caicos Islands
Abbreviation: TCI


 Name: Grand Turk (Cockburn Town)
Geographic coordinates: 21 28 N, 71 08 W
Time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November

Administrative Divisions:

 None (overseas territory of the UK)

Dependency Status:

 Overseas territory of the UK


 None (overseas territory of the UK)

National Holiday:

 Constitution Day, 30 August (1976)


 Turks and Caicos Islands Constitution (Interim Amendment) Order 2009, S.I. 2009/701 - effective 14 August 2009 - suspended Ministerial government, the House of Assembly, and the constitutional right to trial by jury, and imposed direct British rule

Legal System:

 Mixed legal system of English common law and civil law


 18 years of age; universal

Executive Branch:

 Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Damian (Ric) TODD (since 12 September 2011)

Head of government: Governor Damian (Ric) TODD (since 12 September 2011); note - the office of premier is suspended by the Order in Council, effective 14 August 2009

Cabinet: under provisions of the Order in Council, the cabinet is suspended effective 14 August 2009 and replaced by an Advisory Council appointed by the governor

Elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch

Note: following an investigation into allegations of widespread corruption and misconduct within the Turks and Caicos Government, the UK foreign minister directed the governor to bring into effect on 14 August 2009 an Order in Council suspending Ministerial government and the House of Assembly, and imposing direct rule pending completion of reform milestones

Legislative Branch:

 Under provisions of the Order in Council, the unicameral House of Assembly is dissolved and all seats vacated for a period of up to two years; in the interim, a Consultative Forum, appointed by the governor, will be established

Elections: last held on 9 February 2007 (next to be held in 2012)

Election results: under provisions of the Order in Council, all seats in the House of Assembly are vacated

Judicial Branch:

 Supreme Court; Court of Appeal

Political Parties and Leaders:

 People's Democratic Movement or PDM [Floyd SEYMOUR]; Progressive National Party or PNP [Michael Eugene MISICK]

International Organization Participation:

 Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), UPU

Diplomatic Representation in the US:

 None (overseas territory of the UK)

Diplomatic Representation From the US:

 None (overseas territory of the UK)

Flag Description:

 Blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the colonial shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield is yellow and displays a conch shell, a spiny lobster, and Turks Head cactus - three common elements of the islands' biota

National Anthem:

 Name: "This Land of Ours"
Lyrics/music: Conrad HOWELL

Note: serves as a local anthem; as a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" is the official anthem (see United Kingdom)


 (overseas territory of the UK)

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Economy - Overview:

 The Turks and Caicos economy is based on tourism, offshore financial services, and fishing. Most capital goods and food for domestic consumption are imported. The US is the leading source of tourists, accounting for more than three-quarters of the 175,000 visitors that arrived in 2004. Major sources of government revenue also include fees from offshore financial activities and customs receipts.

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity):

 $216 million (2002 est.)

GDP - Real Growth Rate:

 4.9% (2000 est.)

GDP - Per Capita (PPP):

 $11,500 (2002 est.)

GDP - Composition By Sector:

 Agriculture: 1%
Industry: 23.9%
Services: 75.2%

Labor Force:

 4,848 (1990 est.)

Labor Force - By Occupation:

 Note: about 33% in government and 20% in agriculture and fishing; significant numbers in tourism, financial, and other services

Unemployment Rate:

 10% (1997 est.)

Population Below Poverty Line:


Household Income / Consumption By Share:

 Lowest 10%: NA%
Highest 10%: NA%

Investment (Gross Fixed):

 44.5% of GDP (2010 est.)


 Revenues: $345 million
Expenditures: $374.5 million (2010 est.)

Inflation Rate (Consumer Prices):

 2% (2010 est.)
1.5% (2009 est.)

Agriculture - Products:

 Corn, beans, cassava (tapioca), citrus fruits; fish


 Tourism, offshore financial services

Industrial Production Growth Rate:


Electricity - Production:

 175 million kWh (2008 est.)

Electricity - Production By Source:

 Fossil fuel: 100%
Hydro: 0%
Nuclear: 0%
Other: 0% (2001)

Electricity - Consumption:

 162.8 million kWh (2008 est.)

Electricity - Exports:

 0 kWh (2009 est.)

Electricity - Imports:

 0 kWh (2009 est.)

Oil - Production:

 0 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Oil - Consumption:

 500 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Oil - Exports:

 0 bbl/day (2009 est.)

Oil - Imports:

 470 bbl/day (2009 est.)

Oil - Proven Reserves:

 0 bbl (1 January 2011 est.)

Natural Gas - Production:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Consumption:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Exports:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Imports:

 0 cu m (2009 est.)

Natural Gas - Proven Reserves:

 0 cu m (1 January 2011 est.)


 $169.2 million (2000)

Exports - Commodities:

 Lobster, dried and fresh conch, conch shells


 $175.6 million (2000)

Imports - Commodities:

 Food and beverages, tobacco, clothing, manufactures, construction materials

Exchange Rates:

 Convert United States Dollar to Any Currency

The US dollar is used

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Telephones - Main Lines In Use:

 3,700 (2010)

Telephones - Cellular:

 25,100 (2004)

Telephone System:

 General assessment: fully digital system with international direct dialing

Domestic: full range of services available; GSM wireless service available

International: country code - 1-649; the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) fiber optic telecommunications submarine cable provides connectivity to South and Central America, parts of the Caribbean, and the US; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)

Broadcast Media:

 While there are no local terrestrial TV stations, broadcasts from the Bahamas can be received; multi-channel cable and satellite TV services are available; government-run radio network operates alongside private broadcasters with a total of about 15 stations broadcasting (2007)

Radio Broadcast Stations:

 AM 2, FM 7, shortwave 0 (2003)

Television Broadcast Stations:

 0 (broadcasts received from The Bahamas; 2 cable television networks) (2003)

Internet Country Code:


Internet Hosts:

 8,969 (2010)

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 8 (2010)

Airports - With Paved Runways:

 Total: 7
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 1
Under 914 m: 2 (2010)

Airports - With Unpaved Runways:

 Total: 1
Under 914 m: 1 (2010)


 Total: 121 km
Paved: 24 km
Unpaved: 97 km (2003)

Merchant Marine:

 Registered in other countries: 1 (Panama 1) (2008)

Ports and Terminals:

 Cockburn Harbour, Grand Turk, Providenciales

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Manpower Fit For Military Service:

 Males age 16-49: 11,842
Females age 16-49: 11,755 (2010 est.)

Manpower Reaching Militarily Significant Age Annually:

 Male: 338
Female: 342 (2010 est.)

Military - Note:

 Defense is the responsibility of the UK

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Disputes - International:

 Have received Haitians fleeing economic and civil disorder

Illicit Drugs:

 Transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe

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Last Updated: December 2011

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