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 Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

Geographic Coordinates:

 13 18 S, 176 12 W


 Total: 142 sq km
Land: 142 sq km
Water: 0 sq km

Note: includes Ile Uvea (Wallis Island), Ile Futuna (Futuna Island), Ile Alofi, and 20 islets

Area - Comparative:

 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land Boundaries:

 0 km


 129 km (Rank: 156)

Maritime Claims:

 Territorial sea: 12 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


 Tropical; hot, rainy season (November to April); cool, dry season (May to October); rains 2,500-3,000 mm per year (80% humidity); average temperature 26.6 degrees C


 Volcanic origin; low hills

Elevation Extremes:

 Lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Highest point: Mont Singavi (on Futuna) 765 m

Natural Resources:


Land Use:

 Arable land: 7.14%
Permanent crops: 35.71%
Other: 57.15% (2005)

Environment - Current Issues:

 Deforestation (only small portions of the original forests remain) largely as a result of the continued use of wood as the main fuel source; as a consequence of cutting down the forests, the mountainous terrain of Futuna is particularly prone to erosion; there are no permanent settlements on Alofi because of the lack of natural freshwater resources

Geography - Note:

 Both island groups have fringing reefs

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 Noun: Wallisian(s), Futunan(s), or Wallis and Futuna Islanders
Adjective: Wallisian, Futunan, or Wallis and Futuna Islander

Ethnic Groups:



 Wallisian (indigenous Polynesian language) 58.9%, Futunian 30.1%, French (official) 10.8%, other 0.2% (2003 census)


 Roman Catholic 99%, other 1%


 15,398 (July 2011 est.)

Age Structure:

 0-14 years: 25.1% (male 2,018/female 1,846)
15-64 years: 67.1% (male 5,191/female 5,137)
65 years and over: 7.8% (male 563/female 643) (2011 est.)

Median Age:

 Total: 28.5 years
Male: 27.5 years
Female: 29.7 years (2011 est.)

Population Growth Rate:

 0.357% (2011 est.)

Birth Rate:

 13.96 births/1,000 population NA (2011 est.)

Death Rate:

 4.68 deaths/1,000 population NA (July 2011 est.)

Net Migration Rate:

 -5.72 migrant(s)/1,000 population

Note: there has been steady emigration from Wallis and Futuna to New Caledonia (2011 est.)


 Urban population: 0% of total population (2008)
Rate of urbanization: 0% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex Ratio:

 At birth: 1.048 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
Total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate:

 Total: 4.67 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 4.91 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 4.42 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)

Life Expectancy At Birth:

 Total population: 78.98 years
Male: 76 years
Female: 82.11 years (2011 est.)

Total Fertility Rate:

 1.81 children born/woman (2011 est.)

Drinking Water Source:

 Rural: 100% of population
Total: 100% of population (2008)

Sanitation Facility Access:

 Rural: 96% of population
Total: 96% of population
Rural: 4% of population
Total: 4% of population (2008)


 Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 50%
Male: 50%
Female: 50% (1969 est.)

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Country Name:

 Conventional long form: Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands
Conventional short form: Wallis and Futuna
Local long form: Territoire des Iles Wallis et Futuna
Local short form: Wallis et Futuna


 Name: Mata-Utu (on Ile Uvea)
Geographic coordinates: 13 57 S, 171 56 W
Time difference: UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative Divisions:

 None (overseas territory of France); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are three kingdoms at the second order named Alo, Sigave, Wallis

Dependency Status:

 Overseas territory of France


 None (overseas territory of France)

National Holiday:

 Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)


 4 October 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal System:

 French civil law


 18 years of age; universal

Executive Branch:

 Chief of state: President Nicolas SARKOZY (since 16 May 2007); represented by High Administrator Michel JEANJEAN (since 10 June 2010)

Head of government: President of the Territorial Assembly Victor BRIAL (since 11 December 2007)

Cabinet: Council of the Territory consists of 3 kings and 3 members appointed by the high administrator on the advice of the Territorial Assembly

Note: there are 3 traditional kings with limited powers

Elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; high administrator appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of the Interior; the presidents of the Territorial Government and the Territorial Assembly elected by the members of the assembly

Legislative Branch:

 Unicameral Territorial Assembly or Assemblee Territoriale (20 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Elections: last held on 1 April 2007 (next to be held in April 2012)

Election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 13, other 7

Note: Wallis and Futuna elects one senator to the French Senate and one deputy to the French National Assembly; French Senate - elections last held on 21 September 2008 (next to be held by September 2014); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats - UMP 1; French National Assembly - elections last held on 17 June 2007 (next to be held by 2012); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats - PS 1

Judicial Branch:

 Justice generally administered under French law by the high administrator, but the three traditional kings administer customary law and there is a magistrate in Mata-Utu; a court of appeal is located in Noumea, New Caledonia

Political Parties and Leaders:

 Lua Kae Tahi (Giscardians); Mouvement des Radicaux de Gauche or MRG; Rally for the Republic or RPR (UMP); Socialist Party or PS; Taumu'a Lelei; Union Populaire Locale or UPL; Union Pour la Democratie Francaise or UDF

International Organization Participation:

 PIF (observer), SPC, UPU

Diplomatic Representation in the US:

 None (overseas territory of France)

Diplomatic Representation From the US:

 None (overseas territory of France)

Flag Description:

 Unofficial, local flag has a red field with four white isosceles triangles in the middle, representing the three native kings of the islands and the French administrator; the apexes of the triangles are oriented inward and at right angles to each other; the flag of France, outlined in white on two sides, is in the upper hoist quadrant

Note: the design is derived from an original red banner with a white cross pattee that was introduced in the 19th century by French missionaries; the flag of France used for official occasions

National Symbols:

 Red saltire (Saint Andrew's Cross) on a white square on a red field

National Anthem:

 Note: as a territory of France, "La Marseillaise" is official (see France)


 (overseas collectivity of France)

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Economy - Overview:

 The economy is limited to traditional subsistence agriculture, with about 80% of labor force earnings from agriculture (coconuts and vegetables), livestock (mostly pigs), and fishing. About 4% of the population is employed in government. Revenues come from French Government subsidies, licensing of fishing rights to Japan and South Korea, import taxes, and remittances from expatriate workers in New Caledonia.

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity):

 $60 million (2004 est.)

GDP - Real Growth Rate:


GDP - Per Capita (PPP):

 $3,800 (2004 est.)

GDP - Composition By Sector:

 Agriculture: NA%
Industry: NA%
Services: NA%

Labor Force:

 3,104 (2003)

Labor Force - By Occupation:

 Agriculture: 80%
Industry: 4%
Services: 16% (2001 est.)

Unemployment Rate:

 15.2% (2003)

Population Below Poverty Line:


Household Income / Consumption By Share:

 Lowest 10%: NA%
Highest 10%: NA%


 Revenues: $29,730
Expenditures: $31,330 (2004)

Public Debt:

 5.6% of GDP (2004 est.)

Inflation Rate (Consumer Prices):

 2.8% (2005)

Agriculture - Products:

 Coconuts, breadfruit, yams, taro, bananas; pigs, goats; fish


 Copra, handicrafts, fishing, lumber

Industrial Production Growth Rate:


Electricity - Production By Source:

 Fossil fuel: 0%
Hydro: 0%
Nuclear: 0%
Other: 0%

Electricity - Exports:

 0 kWh (2002)

Electricity - Imports:

 0 kWh (2002)


 $47,450 (2004)

Exports - Commodities:

 Copra, chemicals, construction materials


 $61.17 million (2004)

Imports - Commodities:

 Chemicals, machinery, consumer goods

Debt - External:

 $3.67 million (2004)

Exchange Rates:

 Convert Pacific Franc to Any Currency

Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique francs (XPF) per US dollar -
87.59 (2007)
94.97 (2006)
95.89 (2005)
96.04 (2004)
105.66 (2003)

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Telephones - Main Lines In Use:

 3,100 (2010)

Telephone System:

 General assessment: NA

Domestic: NA

International: country code - 681

Broadcast Media:

 The publicly-owned French Overseas Network (RFO), which broadcasts to France's overseas departments and territories, is carried on the RFO Wallis and Fortuna television and radio stations (2008)

Radio Broadcast Stations:

 AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0 (2000)

Television Broadcast Stations:

 2 (2000)

Internet Country Code:


Internet Hosts:

 1,734 (2010)

Internet Users:

 1,300 (2009)

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 2 (2010)

Airports - With Paved Runways:

 Total: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2010)

Merchant Marine:

 Total: 8
By type: chemical tanker 2, passenger 6
Foreign-owned: 8 (France 6, French Polynesia 2) (2008)

Ports and Terminals:

 Leava, Mata-Utu

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Manpower Fit For Military Service:

 Males age 16-49: 3,376
Females age 16-49: 3,314 (2010 est.)

Manpower Reaching Militarily Significant Age Annually:

 Male: 168
Female: 139 (2010 est.)

Military - Note:

 Defense is the responsibility of France

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Last Updated: December 2011

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