We're always looking for ways to make better. Have an idea? See something that needs fixing? Let us know!

Panama: Bibliography
Country Study > Bibliography


Pilar Aguilar and Gonzalo Retamal. "Educational Policy and Practice in Panama:. Focus on Adult Education." Pp. 79-91 in Education in Latin America. Colin Brock and Hugh Lawlor (eds.), London: Croom Helm, 1985.

Agustin Jaén Arosemena. Historia de la Iglesia de Cocle. Panamá: Iprenta Universitariá. 1982.

John and Mavis Biesanz. The People of Panama. New York: Columbia University Press, 1955.

Richard V. Burkhauser. "Social Security in Panama:. Multiperiod Analysis of Income Distribution." Journal of Development Economics :21,1 (April, 1986): 53-64.

U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. World Population Profile: 1985.

Marco A. Gandásequi, hijo. "Las Migraciones Internas in Panamá." Avances de Investigacion, 1,. (November, 1978). Republica de Panamá, Ministerio de Salud, Oficina de Estudios de Población.

-- -- . Acumulación. Migraciones Internas en Panamá. Centro de Estudios Latino Americanos, "Justo Arosemena," Panamá: Panamá. 1980.

Chris N. Gjording. "The Cerro Colorado Copper Project and the Guaymi Indians of Panama." Occasional Paper No. 3, Culural Survival, Cambridge, MA., 1981.

B. Gonzalez. "New Trends in Rural Panama." World Marxist Review 18,. (June, 1975): 124-9.

Burton L. Gordon.. Panama Forest and Shore: Natural History and Amerindian Culture in Bocas del Toro. Pacific Grove, CA.: The Boxwood Press, 1982.

Stephen Gudeman. The demise of. rural economy From sibsistence to capitalism in. Latin American village. London: Routledge. Kegan Paul, 1978.

David Howardth. Panama: Four Hundred Years of Dreams and Cruelty. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1966.

James Howe. The Kuna Gathering: Contemporary Village Politics in Panama. Latin American Monographs, No. 67, Institute of Latin American Studies, The University of Texas at Austin. Austin, TX.: University of Texas Press, 1986.

Clyde E. Keeler. Cuna Indian Art: The Culture and Craft of Panama's San Blas Islanders. New York: Exposition Press, 1969.

Land of the Moon-Children: The Primitive Dsn Blas Culture in Flux. Athens, GA.: University of Georgia Press. 1956.

Gerard M. La Forgia. "Fifteen Years of Community Health Organization for Health in Panama: An Assessment of Current Progress and Problems." Social Science and Medicine. 21,. (1985): 55-65.

Alexander Moore. "From Council to Legislature: Democracy, Parliamentarianism, and the San Blas Cuna." American Anthropologist 86,. (March, 1984): 28-42.

Panamá, Dirección de Estadística. Censo. Panamá en Cifras: Años 1979. 1983. Panamá, noviembre de 1984.

-- -- . Estadística Panameña. Situacion Cultural, Sección 511, Educación: Año 1983.

William L. Partridge. "The Humid Tropics Cattle Ranching Complex: Cases from Panama Reviewed." Human Organization 43,. (Spring, 1984): 76-79.

Alejandro Portes and John Walton. Urban Latin America: The Political Condition from Above and Below. Austin, TX.: University of Texas Press. 1976

George A. Priestley. Military Government and Popular Participation in Panama: The Torrijos Regime 1968-1975. Ph.D. Dissertation, Columbia University, 1981.

Cecil V. Reynolds and Addison W. Somerville. "Comparative Adolescent Experiences between the United States and Panama." Adolescence IX, 36 (Winter, 1974): 569-576.

Steve. Ropp. Panamanian Politics: From Guarded Nation to National Guard. Politics in Latin America,. Hoover Institution Series, Robert Wesson (General Editor). New York: Praeger Publishers, Copublished with Hoover Institution Press, Stanford CA, 1982.

Gian S. Sahota. "The Distribution of the Benefits of Public Expenditure in Panama." Public Finance Quarterly 5,. (April, 1977): 203-230.

David Horton Smith. Latin American Student Activism: Participation in Foraml Volunteer Organizations in Six Latin Countries. Lexington, MA.: D.C. Heath and Co., 1973.

Frances Stier. "Modeling Migration: Analyzing Migration Histories from. San Blas Cuna Community." Human Organization 42,. (Spring, 1983): 9-22.

Lee Swepston. "The Indian in Latin America: Approaches to Administration, Integration, and Protection." Buffalo Law Review 27,. (Fall, 1978): 715- 756.

United States, Department of State. Report on Human Rights Practices in Countries Receiving U.S. aid: Report Submitted to the Committee on Foreign Relations U.S. Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs, U.S. House of Representatives, by the Department of State, in accordance with sections 116(d) and 502B(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1986.

Philip D. Young. Ngawbe: Tradition and Change among the Western Guaymí of Panama. Illinois Studies in Anthropology No. 7. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1971.

Last Updated: December 1987

Editor's Note: Country Studies included here were published between 1988 and 1998. The Country study for Panama was first published in 1987. Where available, the data has been updated through 2008. The date at the bottom of each section will indicate the time period of the data. Information on some countries may no longer be up to date. See the "Research Completed" date at the beginning of each study on the Title Page or the "Data as of" date at the end of each section of text. This information is included due to its comprehensiveness and for historical purposes.

Note that current information from the CIA World Factbook, U.S. Department of State Background Notes, Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Country Briefs, the UK's Foreign and Commonwealth Office's Country Profiles, and the World Bank can be found on

Panama Main Page Country Studies Main Page

Section 141 of 142


Click any image to enlarge.

National Flag

(B/.) Panama Balboa (PAB)
Convert to Any Currency


Locator Map