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Russia: Bibliography
Country Study > Bibliography

BIBLIOGRAPHY


Chapter 1

Auty, Robert, and Dmitry Obolensky, eds. An Introduction to Russian History, 1: Companion to Russian Studies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976.

Avrich, Paul. Russian Rebels, 1600-1800. New York: Schocken, 1972.

Baron, Samuel Haskell. Plekhanov: The Father of Russian Marxism. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1963.

Billington, James H. The Icon and the Axe: An Interpretive History of Russian Culture. New York: Knopf, 1966.

Blackwell, William L. The Beginnings of Russian Industrialization, 1800-1860. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1968.

Blum, Jerome. Lord and Peasant in Russia from the Ninth to the Nineteenth Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1961.

Cherniavsky, Michael. Tsar and People: Studies in Russian Myths. New York: Random House, 1969.

Chew, Allen F. An Atlas of Russian History: Eleven Centuries of Changing Borders. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1970.

Crummey, Robert O. The Formation of Muscovy, 1304-1613. London: Longman, 1987.

Curtiss, John Shelton. The Russian Army under Nicholas I, 1825-1855. Durham: Duke University Press, 1965.

De Madariagha, Isabel. Russia in the Age of Catherine the Great. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1981.

Dmytryshyn, Basil.. History of Russia. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1977.

Emmons, Terrance. The Russian Landed Gentry and the Peasant Emancipation of 1861. London: Cambridge University Press, 1968.

Fedotov, Georgii Petrovich. The Russian Religious Mind. 2 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1946-66.

Fennell, John Lister Illingsworth. Ivan the Great of Moscow. London: Macmillan, 1961.

Florinsky, Michael T. Russia:. History and Interpretation. 2 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1953.

Gershchenkron, Alexander. Europe in the Russian Mirror: Four Lectures on Economic History. London: Cambridge University Press, 1970.

Geyer, Dietrich. Russian Imperialism: The Interaction of Domestic and Foreign Policy, 1860-1914. Trans., Bruce Little. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1987.

Grekov, Boris Dmitreevich. Kievan Rus. Trans., Y. Sdobnikov. Moscow: Foreign Languages, 1959.

Gurko, Vladimir Iosifovich. Features and Figures of the Past: Government and Opinion in the Reign of Nicholas II. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1939.

Hittle, J.M. The Service City: State and Townsmen in Russia, 1600-1800. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1979.

Hosking, Geoffrey A. The Russian Constitutional Experiment: Government and Duma, 1907-1914. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973.

Hrushevsky, Mykhailo.. History of the Ukraine. Trans. and condensed, O.J. Fredericksen. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1941.

Jelavich, Barbara.. Century of Russian Foreign Policy 1814-1914. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1964.

Keep, John L.H. The Rise of Social Democracy in Russia. Oxford: Clarendon, 1963.

Kliuchevsky, Vasily.. Course in Russian History, 3: The Seventeenth Century. Trans., N. Duddington. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968.

Kliuchevsky, Vasily.. Course in Russian History, 4: Peter the Great. Trans., Liliana Archibald. New York: Knopf, 1959.

Kliuchevsky, Vasily. The Course of Russian History. 5 vols. Trans., C.J. Hogarth. New York: Dutton, 1911-31.

Kohut, Zenon E. Russian Centralism and Ukrainian Autonomy: Imperial Absorption of the Hetmanate, 1760s-1830s. Cambridge: Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute and Harvard University Press, 1988.

Lang, David Marshall.. Modern History of Soviet Georgia. New York: Grove Press, 1962.

Lawrence, John.. History of Russia. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1969.

Liashchenko, P.I.. History of the National Economy of Russia to the 1917 Revolution. Trans., L.M. Herman. New York: Macmillan, 1949. Reprint. New York: Octagon, 1970.

Lincoln, Bruce D. Nicholas I: Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russians. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1978.

MacKenzie, David, and Michael W. Curran.. History of Russia and the Soviet Union. Chicago: Dorsey Press, 1987.

Malia, Martin Edward. Alexander Herzen and the Birth of Russian Socialism, 1812-1855. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1961.

Malozemoff, Andrew. Russian Far Eastern Policy, 1881-1904. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1958. Reprint. New York: Octagon, 1977.

Masaryk, Tomás Garrigue. The Spirit of Russia: Studies in History, Literature, and Philosophy. 3 vols. Trans., Eden and Cedar Paul. New York: Macmillan, 1961-67.

Miliukov, Pavel Nikolaevich. Outlines of Russian Culture. Ed., Michael Karpovich; trans., Eleanor Davis and Valentine Ughert. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1942.

Nichols, Robert L., and Theofanis George Stavrous, eds. Russian Orthodoxy under the Old Regime. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1978.

Norretranders, Bjarne. The Shaping of Czardom under Ivan Groznnyi. Copenhagen: 1964. Reprint. London: Variorum, 1971.

Oberländer, Edwin ed., Russia Enters the Twentieth Century. New York: Schocken, 1971.

Orlovsky, Daniel T. The Limits of Reforms: The Ministry of Internal Affairs in Imperial Russia, 1807-1881. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981.

Pares, Bernard. The Fall of the Russian Monarchy:. Study of Evidence. New York: Knopf, 1939.

Pelenski, Jaroslav. Russia and Kazan: Conquest and Imperial Ideology, 1438-1560s. The Hague: Mouton, 1974.

Pierce, Richard A. Russian Central Asia, 1867-1917:. Study in Colonial Rule. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1960.

Pintner, Walter McKenzie, and Don Karl Rowney, eds. Russian Officialdom: The Bureaucratization of Russian Society from the Seventeenth to the Twentieth Century. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1980.

Pipes, Richard. Russia under the Old Regime. New York: Scribner's, 1974.

Platonov, Sergei Fedorovich. The Time of Troubles:. Historical Study of the Internal Crisis and Social Struggle in Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century Muscovy. Trans., J.T. Alexander. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1970.

Raeff, Marc. "History of Russia/Union of Soviet Socialist Republics." Page 358 in Academic American Encyclopedia. 16. Danbury, Connecticut: Grolier, 1986.

Raeff, Marc. Michael Speransky: Statesman of Imperial Russia, 1772-1839. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1969.

Raeff, Marc. Russian Intellectual History: An Anthology. New York: Humanities Press, 1978.

Riasanovsky, Nicholas.. History of Russia. 4th ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.

Rieber, Alfred J. Merchants and Entrepreneurs in Imperial Russia. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1982.

Rieber, Alfred J. Nicholas. and Official Nationality in Russia, 1825-1855. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1959.

Robinson, Geroid Tanquary. Rural Russia under the Old Regime. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1967.

Rogger, Hans. National Consciousness in Eighteenth-Century Russia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1960.

Rogger, Hans. Russia in the Age of Modernization and Reform, 1881-1917. London: Longman, 1987.

Rurad, C.A. Fighting Words: Imperial Censorship and the Russian Press, 1804-1906. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1982.

Schwartz, Solomon H. The Russian Revolution of 1905: The Workers' Movement and the Formation of Bolshevism and Menshevism. Chicago: University Press, 1967.

Seton-Watson, Hugh. The Russian Empire, 1801-1917. Oxford: Clarendon, 1967.

Smith, Clarence J. The Russian Struggle for World Power, 1914-1917:. Study of Russian Foreign Policy During World War.. New York: Philosophical Society, 1946.

Stites, Richard. The Women's Liberation Movement in Russia: Feminism, Nihilism, and Bolshevism, 1890-1930. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1978.

Subtelny, Orest. Ukraine:. History. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1988.

Sumner, Benedict Humphrey. Russia and the Balkans, 1870-1880. Oxford: Clarendon, 1947.

Thaden, Edward C. Conservative Nationalism in Nineteenth-Century Russia. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1964.

Thaden, Edward C., ed. Russification of the Baltic Provinces and Finland, 1855-1914. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1981.

Treadgold, Donald W. The West in Russia and China: Religious and Secular Thought in Modern Times. 2 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973.

Venturi, Franco. Roots of Revolution:. History of the Populist and Socialist Movements in Nineteenth-Century Russia. Trans., Francis Haskill. New York: Knopf, 1960.

Vernadsky, George. The Mongols and Russia. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1954.

Von Laue, Theodore. Sergei Witte and the Industrialization of Russia. New York: Columbia University Press, 1963.

Walicki, Andrzej.. History of Russian Thought from the Enlightenment to Marxism. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1979.

Wortman, Richard. The Development of. Russian Legal Consciousness. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976.

Zaionchkovsky, Peter Andreevich. The Russian Autocracy under Alexander III. Trans., David R. Jones. Gulf Breeze, Florida: Academic International Press, 1976.

Zenkovsky, Serge A. Pan-Turkism and Islam in Russia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1960.

Chapter 2

Antonov-Ovseyenko, Anton. The Time of Stalin. New York: Harper and Row, 1981.

Armstrong, John A. "Nationalism in the Former Soviet Empire," Problems of Communism. 41, January-April 1992, 121-35.

Aslund, Anders. Gorbachev's Struggle for Economic Reform. 2d ed. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991.

Barner-Barry, Carol, and Cynthia A. Hody. The Politics of Change: The Transformation of the Former Soviet Union. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1995.

Bialer, Seweryn. Stalin's Successors: Leadership, Stability, and Change in the Soviet Union. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980.

Black, Cyril E., ed. The Transformation of Russian Society. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1960.

Blaney, John, and Michael Gfoeller. "Lessons from the Failure of Perestroyka," Political Science Quarterly. 108, Fall 1993, 481-96.

Bradley, J.F.N. Civil War in Russia, 1917-1920. London: Batsford, 1975.

Brown, Archie. The Gorbachev Factor in Soviet Politics. 2d ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Brown, Archie. "The Soviet Succession: From Andropov to Chernenko," World Today. 40, April 1984, 134-41.

Brown, Archie, and Michael Kaser, eds. The Soviet Union since the Fall of Khrushchev. New York: Macmillan, 1978.

Burant, Stephen R. "The Influence of Russian Tradition on the Political Style of the Soviet Elite," Political Science Quarterly. 102, No. 2, Summer 1987, 273-93.

Burdzhalov, E.N. Russia's Second Revolution: The February 1917 Uprising in Petrograd. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987.

Carrère d'Encausse, Hélène. The End of the Soviet Empire. New York: Basic Books, 1993.

Chamberlin, William H. The Russian Revolution, 1917-1921. 2 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1972.

Checkel, Jeffrey. "Gorbachev's 'New Political Thinking' and the Formation of Soviet Foreign Policy," Radio Liberty Research Report [Munich], RL 429/88, September 23, 1988.

Cohen, Stephen F. Rethinking the Soviet Experience: Politics and History since 1917. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.

Conquest, Robert. The Great Terror: Stalin's Purge of the Thirties. New York: Macmillan, 1968.

Conquest, Robert. Harvest of Sorrow. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Cook, Linda J. "Brezhnev's 'Social Contract' and Gorbachev's Reforms," Soviet Studies. 44, No. 1, 1992, 37-56.

Daniels, Robert V. "The Chernenko Comeback," New Leader. 67, February 20, 1984, 3-5.

Daniels, Robert V. Red October: The Bolshevik Revolution of 1917. Boston: Beacon Press, 1984.

Daniels, Robert V. Russia: The Roots of Confrontation. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1985.

Dunlop, John B. The Rise of Russia and the Fall of the Soviet Empire. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993.

Dyker, David A., ed. The Soviet Union under Gorbachev: Prospects for Reform. London: Croom Helm, 1987.

Elliot, Iain. "Andropov Scrutinized," Survey. 28, Spring 1984, 61-69.

Evans, Alfred, Jr. "Gorbachev's Unfinished Revolution," Problems of Communism. 40, January-April 1991, 133-43.

Fitzpatrick, Sheila. The Russian Revolution. New York: Oxford University Press, 1982.

Florinsky, Michael T. The End of the Russian Empire. New York: Fertig, 1973.

Gelman, Harry. The Brezhnev Politburo and the Decline of Détente. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1985.

Goldman, Marshall I. "Economic Problems in the Soviet Union," Current History. 82, October 1983, 322-25.

Gorbachev, Mikhail. The August Coup. London: Harper Collins, 1991.

Haimson, Leopold H. "The Parties and the State: The Evolution of Political Attitudes." Pages 110-44 in Cyril E. Black, ed., The Transformation of Russian Society. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1960.

Halstead, John. "Chernenko in Office," International Perspectives. May-June 1984, 19-21.

Hanson, Philip. From Stagnation to Catastroika: Commentaries on the Soviet Economy, 1983-1991. New York: Praeger, 1992.

Hardt, John P., and Donna Gold. "Andropov's Economic Future," Orbis. 27, No. 2, Spring 1983, 11-28.

Hasegawa, Tsuyoshi. The February Revolution: Petrograd, 1917. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1981.

Hazan, Baruch. "Infighting in the Kremlin: Andropov vs. Chernenko," Crossroads. No. 11, 1984, 55-74.

Heller, Michel. "Andropov:. Retrospective View," Survey. 28, Spring 1984, 45-60.

Heller, Mikhail, and Aleksandr Nekrich. Utopia in Power. New York: Summit Books, 1986.

Hill, Ronald J., and Jan Ake Dellenbrant, eds. Gorbachev and Perestroyka. Aldershot, United Kingdom: Edward Elgar, 1989.

Hosking, Geoffrey A. The First Socialist Society. London: Fontana Press/Collins, 1985.

Hough, Jerry. "Andropov's First Year," Problems of Communism. 32, November-December 1983, 49-64.

Hough, Jerry. "Soviet Politics under Andropov," Current History. 82, October 1983, 330-33.

Hudson, George E., ed. Soviet National Security Policy under Perestroyka. Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1990.

Kanet, Roger E., Deborah Nutter Miner, and Tamara J. Reslar, eds. The Soviet Union and International Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Kelley, Donald R. Soviet Politics from Brezhnev to Gorbachev. New York: Praeger, 1987.

Khrushchev, Nikita S. Khrushchev Remembers. Ed. and trans., Strobe Talbott. Boston: Little, Brown, 1970.

Knight, Amy. "Andropov: Myths and Realities," Survey. 28, Spring 1984, 22-44.

Kontorovich, Vladimir. "The Economic Fallacy," National Interest. No. 31, Spring 1993.

Kramer, Mark. "Soviet Foreign Policy after the Cold War," Current History. 90, October 1991, 317-22.

Lerner, Lawrence W., and Donald W. Treadgold, eds. Gorbachev and the Soviet Future. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1988.

Lewin, Moshe. Russian Peasants and Soviet Power. Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1968.

Linden, Carl A. Khrushchev and the Soviet Leadership, 1957-1964. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1966.

MacKenzie, David, and Michael W. Curran.. History of Russia and the Soviet Union. Chicago: Dorsey Press, 1987.

Malia, Martin. The Soviet Tragedy:. History of Socialism in Russia, 1917-1991. New York: Free Press, 1994.

McCauley, Martin. The Soviet Union 1917-1991. 2d ed. London: Longman, 1993.

Medvedev, Roy A. Khrushchev. Garden City, New York: Anchor Press, 1983.

Medvedev, Roy A. Let History Judge. New York: Knopf, 1971.

Medvedev, Zhores A. Andropov. New York: Norton, 1983.

Meissner, Boris. "Soviet Policy: From Chernenko to Gorbachev," Aussenpolitik [Bonn], 36, No. 4, April 1985, 357-75.

Miller, Robert F., John H. Miller, and Thomas Henry Rigby. Gorbachev at the Helm:. New Era in Soviet Politics? London: Croom Helm, 1987.

"Moscow, August 1991: The Coup de Grace," Problems of Communism. 40, November-December 1991, 1-62.

Nahaylo, Bohdan, and Viktor Swoboda. Soviet Disunion:. History of the Nationalities Problem in the USSR. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1990.

Nichol, James P. Diplomacy in the Former Soviet Republics. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger, 1995.

Nichol, James P. Perestroyka of the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Amherst: Program in Soviet and East European Studies, University of Massachusetts, 1988.

Nichol, James P. Stalin's Crimes Against the Non-Russian Nations: The 1987-1990 Revelations and Debate. Carl Beck Papers, Center for Russian and East European Studies, University of Pittsburgh, December 1991.

Olcott, Martha Brill. "The Slide into Disunion," Current History. 90, October 1991, 338-44.

Pares, Bernard. The Fall of the Russian Monarchy:. Study of Evidence. New York: Knopf, 1939.

Pipes, Richard. The Formation of the Soviet Union. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1954.

Ponton, Geoffrey. The Soviet Era: Soviet Politics from Lenin to Yeltsin. Oxford, United Kingdom: Blackwell, 1994.

Rabinowich, Alexander. The Bolsheviks Come to Power. New York: Norton, 1976.

Remington, Thomas. Building Socialism in Bolshevik Russia. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1984.

Remnick, David. Lenin's Tomb: The Last Days of the Soviet Empire. New York: Vintage, 1994.

Riasanovsky, Nicholas.. History of Russia. 4th ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.

Robinson, Neil. "Gorbachev and the Place of the Party in Soviet Reform, 1985-91," Soviet Studies. 44, No. 3, 1992, 423-43.

Schapiro, Leonard B. The Communist Party of the Soviet Union. New York: Vintage Books, 1960.

Schapiro, Leondard B. The Russian Revolutions of 1917. New York: Basic Books, 1984.

Schull, Joseph. "Self-Destruction of Soviet Ideology," Harriman Institute Forum. 4, No. 7, July 1991.

Simes, Dmitri. "Gorbachev's Time of Troubles," Foreign Policy. No. 102, Spring 1991, 97-117.

Simis, Konstantin. "Andropov's Anticorruption Campaign," Washington Quarterly. 6, Summer 1983, 111-21.

Smith, Graham. The Nationalities Question in the Soviet Union. London: Longman, 1990.

Tatu, Michel. Mikhail Gorbachev: The Origins of Perestroyka. Boulder, Colorado: East European Monographs, 1991.

Teague, Elizabeth, and Vera Tolz. "CPSU R.I.P.," Report on the USSR. 3, No. 47, 1991, 1-8.

Treadgold, Donald W. Twentieth Century Russia. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1987.

Tucker, Robert C. Stalin as Revolutionary, 1879-1929. New York: Norton, 1977.

Tucker, Robert C., ed. Stalinism: Essays in Historical Interpretation. New York: Norton, 1977.

Ulam, Adam B. Expansion and Coexistence: Soviet Foreign Policy, 1917-1973. 2d ed. New York: Praeger, 1974.

Ulam, Adam B.. History of Soviet Russia. New York: Praeger, 1976.

Ulam, Adam B. "Looking at the Past: The Unraveling of the Soviet Union," Current History. 91, October 1992, 339-46.

Ulam, Adam B. Stalin: The Man and His Era. New York: Viking Press, 1973.

Urban, Michael E. "From Chernenko to Gorbachev:. Repolitization of Official Soviet Discourse," Soviet Union/Union Soviétique. 13, No. 2, 1986, 131-61.

Wallace, William W. Gorbachev and the Revolution in Soviet Foreign Policy. Aldershot, United Kingdom: Dartmouth, 1992.

Wessell, Nils H. "Arms Control and 'Active Measures,'" Orbis. 27, No. 2, Spring 1983, 5-11.

White, Stephen. Gorbachev in Power. 3d ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Yeltsin, Boris. The Struggle for Russia. New York: Random House, 1994.

Zacek, Jane Shapiro, ed. The Gorbachev Generation. New York: Paragon House, 1988.

Zemtsov, Ilya. "Yuriy Andropov: Consolidation of Power," Crossroads. No. 11, 1984, 1-17.

Zlotnik, Marc. "Chernenko Succeeds," Problems of Communism. 33, March-April 1984, 17-31.

Zlotnik, Marc. "Chernenko's Platform," Problems of Communism. 31, November-December 1982, 70-75.

Chapter 3

Bellona Foundation. Sources of Radioactive Contamination in Murmansk and Arkhangelsk Counties. Oslo: 1994.

Blaney, John W. "Environmental and Health Crises in the Former Soviet Union." Pages 134-42 in John W. Blaney, ed., The Successor States to the USSR. Washington: Congressional Quarterly, 1995.

Blaney, John W., ed. The Successor States to the USSR. Washington: Congressional Quarterly, 1995.

Bodrova, Valentina. "Reproductive Behaviour of Russia's Population in the Transition Period," Berichte des Bundesinstituts für ostwissenschaftliche und internationale Studien [Cologne], 15, 1995.

Cole, John. Geography of the USSR. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1967.

The Europa World Year-Book 1994, 2. London: Europa, 1994.

The Europa World Year-Book 1995, 2. London: Europa, 1995.

Feshbach, Murray. Ecological Disaster: Cleaning Up the Hidden Legacy of the Soviet Regime. New York: Twentieth Century Fund, 1995.

Feshbach, Murray. Environmental and Health Atlas of Russia. Moscow: PAIMS, 1995.

Feshbach, Murray, and Alfred Friendly, Jr. Ecocide in the USSR: Health and Nature under Siege. New York: Basic Books, 1992.

Goldman, Marshall I. Ecology and Economics: Controlling Pollution in the '70s. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1972.

Goldman, Marshall I. The Spoils of Progress: Environmental Pollution in the Soviet Union. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1972.

Gundarov, Igor' Alekseevich. Pochemu umirayut. Rossii, kak nam vyzhit'? (Why Are People Dying in Russia, and How Are We to Survive?) Moscow: Media sfera, 1995.

Heleniak, Tim. "The Projected Population of Russia in 2005," Post-Soviet Geography. 35, No. 10, October 1995, 608-14.

Hooson, David. The Soviet Union: People and Regions. Belmont, California: Wadsworth, 1968.

Institut gumanitarno-politicheskikh issledovaniy. Ocherki rossiyskoy politiki (Essays on Russian Politics). Moscow: 1994.

Israel. Central Bureau of Statistics. Immigrant Population from Former USSR 1993: Demographic Trends. Jerusalem: 1995.

Jacobs, Margot. "USSR Faces Mounting Refugee Problem," Report on the USSR [Munich], 2, No. 37, September 20, 1990, 14-18.

Jones, Anthony, Walter D. Connor, and David E. Powell, eds. Soviet Social Problems. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1991.

Klatt, Martin. "Russians in the 'Near Abroad,'" RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 3, No. 32, August 19, 1994, 3-44.

Kozlov, Viktor. "Social and Geographical Analysis of the Flow and Territorial Distribution of Refugees and Migrants in Russia." Pages 39-59 in Klaus Segbers and Stephan De Spiegeleire, eds., Post-Soviet Puzzles: Mapping the Political Economy of the Former Soviet Union. Baden-Baden: Nomos, 1995.

Kuz'min, A.T. Sem'ya na Urale: Demograficheskiye aspekty vybora zhiznennogo puti (The Family in the Urals: Demographic Aspects of Lifestyle Choices). Yekaterinburg: UIF Nauka, 1993.

Loescher, Gil. "Forced Migration Within and from the Former USSR: The Policy Changes Ahead," Rand DRU-564-FF. 1993.

Lydolph, Paul E. Geography of the U.S.S.R. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1964.

Marnie, Sheila, and Wendy Slater. "Russia's Refugees," RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 2, No. 37, September 17, 1993, 46-53.

Morvant, Penny. "Alarm over Falling Life Expectancy," Transition [Prague], 1, No. 21, October 20, 1995, 40-45.

National Geographic Society. National Geographic Atlas of the World. 6th ed. Washington: 1992.

Novaya Rossiya '94: Informatsionno-statisticheskiy al'manakh. Moscow: Vsya Moskva, 1994.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. OECD Economic Surveys: The Russian Federation 1995. Paris:1995.

Peterson, D.J. Troubled Lands: The Legacy of Soviet Environmental Destruction. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1993.

Pisareva, Vera. "Ekologicheskaya problematika. rossiyskoy politike" (Ecological Problems in Russian Politics). Pages 53-62 in Institut gumanitarno-politicheskikh issledovaniy. Ocherki rossiyskoy politiki (Essays on Russian Politics). Moscow: 1994.

Popper, Steven W. "A Note on the Emigration of Russia's Technical Elite," Rand Reprints. No. 304, 1994.

Population Reference Bureau. 1995 Population Data Sheet. Washington: 1995.

"Report on the State of the Environment in the Russian Federation in 1993." Foreign Broadcast Information Service, JPRS Report: Environmental Issues. April 17, 1995.

Rowland, Richard H. "Declining Towns in the Former USSR," Post-Soviet Geography. 35, No. 6, June 1994, 352-65.

Russia. Committee on Land Resources and Utilization. Zemlya Rossii 1995: Problemy, tsifry, kommentarii. Moscow: 1996.

Russia and Eurasia: Facts and Figures Annual 1994. Ed., Theodore W. Karasik. Gulf Breeze, Florida: Academic International Press, 1994.

Russian Regions Today: Atlas of the New Federation. Washington: International Center, 1994.

"Russia's Wildlife Faces Grave Danger," World Wildlife Fund Focus. 17, No. 5, September-October 1995, 1.

Segbers, Klaus, and Stephan De Spiegeleire, eds. Post-Soviet Puzzles: Mapping the Political Economy of the Former Soviet Union. Baden-Baden: Nomos, 1995.

Slater, Wendy. "The Problem of Immigration into Russia," RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 3, No. 26, July 1, 1994, 39-44.

The Statesman's Year-Book 1993-1994. Ed., Brian Hunter. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1993.

The Statesman's Year-Book 1994-1995. Ed., Brian Hunter. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994.

The Statesman's Year-Book 1995-1996. Ed., Brian Hunter. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1995.

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Gosudarstvennyy komitet po statistike. Demograficheskiy yezegodnik SSSR 1990 (DemographicYearbook of the USSR 1990). Moscow: Finansy. statistika, 1990.

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Gosudarstvennyy komitet po statistike. Informatsionno-izdatel'skiy tsentr. Natsional'nyy sostav naseleniya SSSR (The National Composition of the Population of the USSR). Moscow: Finansy. statistika, 1990.

United Nations. Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis. Demographic Yearbook 1993. New York: 1995.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. USSR: Demographic Trends and Ethnic Balance in the Non-Russian Republics. Washington: 1990.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook 1995. Washington: 1995.

Velkoff, Victoria A., and Kevin Kinsella. Aging in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union. Washington: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 1993.

Wolfson, Zeyev. The Geography of Survival. London: M.E. Sharpe, 1994.

World Bank. Environmental Action Program for Central and Eastern Europe. Washington: 1993.

World Bank. Statistical Handbook 1995: States of the Former USSR. Washington: 1995.

"The Year of Chernobyl: Some Environmental and Social Aspects of the Disaster," Environmental Policy Review. 1, No. 6, June 1987, 1-11.

Chapter 4

Akiner, Shirin. Islamic Peoples of the Soviet Union. 2d ed. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1986.

Bennigsen, Alexandre, Marie Broxup, and S. Enders Wimbush. Muslims of the Soviet Empire:. Guide. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992.

Billington, James H. "The Case for Orthodoxy," New Republic. 210, No. 22, May 30, 1994, 24-27.

Billington, James H. The Icon and the Axe: An Interpretive History of Russian Culture. New York: Knopf, 1966.

Birch, Julian. "Ossetia:. Caucasian Bosnia in Microcosm," Central Asian Survey. 14, No. 1, 1995, 43-74.

Bourdeaux, Michael. "Glasnost and the Gospel: The Emergence of Religious Pluralism." Pages 113-28 in Michael Bourdeaux, ed., The Politics of Religion in Russia and the New States of Eurasia. Armonk, New York: M.E. Sharpe, 1995.

Bourdeaux, Michael, ed. The Politics of Religion in Russia and the New States of Eurasia. Armonk, New York: M.E. Sharpe, 1995.

Brown, Edward J. Russian Literature since the Revolution. 2d ed. London: Collier-Macmillan, 1969.

Bruk, Solomon Il'ich. Ethnodemographic Processes: The World Population at the Threshold of the 21st Century. Moscow: Nauka, 1986.

Buttino, Marco. In. Collapsing Empire: Underdevelopment, Ethnic Conflicts, and Nationalism in the Soviet Union. Milan: Feltrinelli Editore, 1993.

Chaplin, Vsevolod. "The Church and Politics in Contemporary Russia." Pages 95-112 in Michael Bourdeaux, ed., The Politics of Religion in Russia and the New States of Eurasia. Armonk, New York: M.E. Sharpe, 1995.

Chinyaeva, Elena. "The Fate of Soviet Mass Culture in Russia," Transition [Prague], 2, No. 6, March 22, 1996, 22-25.

Chinyaeva, Elena. "Russian Orthodox Church Forges. New Role," Transition [Prague], 2, No. 7, April 5, 1996, 10-15.

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Acton, Edward. Russia: The Tsarist and Soviet Legacy. 2d ed. London: Longman, 1995.

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World Bank. Russia: Social Protection During Transition and Beyond. Washington: 1995.

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Chapter 6

Aslund, Anders. How Russia Became. Market Economy. Washington: Brookings Institution, 1995.

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Boycko, Maksim, Andrei Schleifer, and Robert W. Vishny. Privatizing Russia. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1995.

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Economist Intelligence Unit. Country Report: Russia, 2d Quarter 1996. London: 1996.

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Chapter 7

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Orttung, Robert. "Chechnya:. Painful Price," Transition [Prague], 1, No. 3, March 15, 1995, 3-10.

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Reese, Andrew. "Democracy in Russia: The December Elections," Russian Political Review. December 7, 1993, 1-6.

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"Russia in Crisis," The World. I. 10, May 1995, 22-41.

"Russian Democracy: The Missing Pieces," Economist [London], 332, No. 7878, September 3, 1994, 53-54.

Saikal, Amin, and William Maley, eds. Russia in Search of Its Future. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Sakwa, Richard. Russian Politics and Society. New York: Routledge, 1993.

Sharlet, Robert. "The New Russian Constitution and Its Political Impact," Problems of Post-Communism. January-February 1995, 3-7.

Sharlet, Robert. "The Prospects for Federalism in Russian Constitutional Politics," Publius. 24, Spring 1994, 115-27.

Slater, Wendy. "Russia: The Return of Authoritarian Government?" RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 3, No. 1, January 7, 1994, 22-31.

Slater, Wendy, and Vera Tolz. "Yeltsin Wins in Moscow but May Lose to the Regions," RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 2, No. 40, October 8, 1993, 1-7.

Slider, Darrell. "Political Tendencies in Russia's Regions: Evidence from the 1993 Parliamentary Elections," Slavic Review. 53, No. 3, Fall 1994, 711-32.

Smith, M.A. Consolidating the Russian State. London: Ministry of Defence, 1996.

Solnick, Steven L. "The Breakdown of Hierarchies in the Soviet Union and China:. Neo-institutional Perspective," World Politics. 48, January 1996, 209-38.

Staar, Richard F. The New Military in Russia: Ten Myths That Shape the Image. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1996.

The Statesman's Year-Book 1993-1994. Ed., Brian Hunter. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1993.

The Statesman's Year-Book 1994-1995. Ed., Brian Hunter. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994.

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Teague, Elizabeth. "Russia and Tatarstan Sign Power-Sharing Treaty," RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 3, No. 14, April 1, 1994, 19-27.

Teague, Elizabeth. "Russia's Local Elections Begin," RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 3, No. 7, February 18, 1994, 1-4.

Tolz, Vera. "Problems of Building Democratic Institutions in Russia," RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 3, No. 10, March 4, 1994, 1-7.

Tolz, Vera. "The Shifting Sands of Stabilization," Transition [Prague], 1, No. 1, February 15, 1995, 5-8.

Tolz, Vera. "Thorny Road Toward Federalism in Russia," RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 3, No. 48, December 3, 1993, 1-8.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook 1994. Washington: 1994.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook 1995. Washington: 1995.

United States. Congress. Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe. Human Rights and Democratization in the Newly Independent States of the Former Soviet Union. Washington: GPO, 1993.

United States. Department of State. Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 1995. Washington: GPO, 1995.

Urban, Michael. "The Politics of Identity in Russia's Postcommunist Transition: The Nation Against Itself," Slavic Review. 53, No. 3, Fall 1994, 733-65.

Voorhees, James C. "Russian Federalism and Reform," Demokratizatsiya. 2, Fall 1994, 549-64.

Walker, Edward W. "Federalism Russian Style: The Federation Provisions in Russia's New Constitution," Problems of Post-Communism. July-August 1995, 3-12.

Warhola, James W. Politicized Ethnicity in the Russian Federation: Dilemmas of State Formation. Lewiston, Maine: Edwin Mellen Press, 1996.

Wedgwood Benn, David. "The Russian Media in Post-Soviet Conditions," Europe-Asia Studies. 48, No. 3, 1996, 471-79.

White, Stephen. After Gorbachev. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

"Who Runs Russia?" Economist [London], 331, No. 7869, June 25, 1994, 47-48.

World Bank. Russian Federation: Toward Medium-Term Viability. Washington: 1996.

World Radio TV Handbook 1996. Ed., Andrew G. Sennitt. Amsterdam: Billboard, 1996.

Yasmann, Victor. "Security Services Reorganized: All Power to the Russian President?" RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 3, No. 6, February 11, 1994, 7-14.

Yeltsin, Boris. The Stuggle for Russia. New York: Random House, Times Books, 1994.

Yergin, Daniel, and Thane Gustafson. Russia 2010. 2d ed. New York: Vintage Books, 1995.

Zelikow, Philip. "Beyond Boris Yeltsin: Following America's Enduring Interests," Foreign Affairs. 73, No. 1, January-February 1994, 44-55.

Chapter 8

Adams, Jan S.. Foreign Policy in Transition: Moscow's Retreat from Central America and the Caribbean, 1985-1992. Durham: Duke University Press, 1992.

Adams, Jan S. "Who Will Make Russia's Foreign Policy in 1994?" RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 3, No. 6, February 11, 1994, 36-40.

Alexandrovna, Olga. "Divergent Russian Foreign Policy Concepts," Aussenpolitik [Bonn], No. 4, 1993, 363-72.

Allison, Roy. "Russian Peacekeeping: Capabilities and Doctrine," Jane's Intelligence Review [Coulsdon, United Kingdom], 6, December 1994, 544-47.

Arbatov, Alexei G. "Russia's Foreign Policy Alternatives," International Security. 18, Fall 1993, 5-43.

Blackwill, Robert D., and Sergei A. Karaganov, eds. Damage Limitation or Crisis?: Russia and the Outside World. Washington: Brassey's, 1994.

Blank, Stephen. Challenging the New World Order: The Arms Transfer Policies of the Russian Republic. Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania: U.S. Army War College Strategic Studies Institute, 1993.

Blank, Stephen. The New Russia in the New Asia. Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania: U.S. Army War College Strategic Studies Institute, 1994.

Blank, Stephen. "Russia's Real Drive to the South," Orbis. 39, No. 3, Summer 1995, 369-86.

Bogaturov, Alexei D. "Russia in Northeast Asia," Korea and World Affairs. 17, Summer 1993, 298-315.

Brusstar, James H. "Russian Vital Interests and Western Security," Orbis. 38, No. 4, Fall 1994, 607-19.

Brusstar, James H., and Ellen Jones. "Great Power Restorationists Make Gains in the Russian Duma," Institute for National Strategic Studies Strategic Forum. No. 65, March 1996.

Brusstar, James H., and Ellen Jones. The Russian Military's Role in Politics. (McNair Paper No. 34). Washington: National Defense University Institute for National Strategic Studies, 1995.

Brutents, Karen. "Russia and the East," International Affairs [Moscow], 70, January-February 1994, 40-44.

Brzezinski, Zbigniew. "The Premature Partnership," Foreign Affairs. 73, No. 2, March-April 1994, 67-82.

Cohen, Ariel. "The Empire That Would," The World and. , 10, May 1995, 30-35.

Crow, Suzanne. "Ambartsumov's Influence on Russian Foreign Policy," RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 2, No. 18, May 7, 1993, 1-8.

Crow, Suzanne. The Making of Foreign Policy in Russia under Yeltsin. Munich: RFE/RL Research Institute, 1993.

Crow, Suzanne. "Russia Asserts Its Strategic Agenda," RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 2, No. 50, December 17, 1993, 1-8.

Crow, Suzanne. "Why Has Russian Foreign Policy Changed?" RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 3, No. 18, May 7, 1994, 1-6.

Dannreuther, Roland. "Russia, Central America, and the Persian Gulf," Survival. 35, Winter 1993-94, 92-112.

Dawisha, Adeed, and Karen Dawisha, eds. The Making of Foreign Policy in Russia and the New States of Eurasia. Armonk, New York: M.E. Sharpe, 1995.

Dawisha, Karen, and Bruce Parrott. "Foreign Policy Priorities and Institutions: Russia." Pages 198-207 in Karen Dawisha and Bruce Parrott, Russia and the New States of Eurasia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Dawisha, Karen, and Bruce Parrott. Russia and the New States of Eurasia: The Politics of Upheaval. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Dick, Charles. "The Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation," Jane's Intelligence Review [Coulsdon, United Kingdom], 6, January 1994, 1-12.

Ellison, Herbert J. "Toward. New Realism," The World. I. 10, May 1995, 36-41.

Foye, Stephen. "Russo-Japanese Relations: Still Traveling. Rocky Road" RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 2, No. 44, November 5, 1993, 27-34.

Fuller, Elizabeth. "Russian Strategy in the Transcaucasus since the Demise of the USSR," Berichte des Bundesinstituts für ostwissenschaftliche und internationale Studien [Cologne], 40, 1994.

Goldberg, David H., and Paul Marantz, eds. The Decline of the Soviet Union and the Transformation of the Middle East. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1994.

Halbach, Uwe, and Heinrich Tiller. "Russia and Its Southern Flank," Aussenpolitik [Bonn], 45, No. 2, 1994, 156-65.

Hee Lee, Chang. Global Change and the Korean Peninsula. Washington: Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, 1993.

Hermann, Richard K. "Russian Policy in the Middle East: Strategic Change and Tactical Contradictions," Middle East Journal. 48, Summer 1994, 455-74.

Holden, Gerard. Russia after the Cold War: History and the Nation in Post-Soviet Security Politics. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1994.

Holmes, Leslie. "Russia's Relations with the Former External Empire." Pages 123-41 in Amin Saikal and William Maley, eds., Russia in Search of Its Future. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Hudson, George E. "Russia's Search for Identity in the Post-Cold-War World," Mershon International Studies Review. 38, October 1994, 235-40.

Jackson, William D. "Imperial Temptations: Ethnics Abroad," Orbis. 38, No. 1, Winter 1994, 1-17.

Johnson, Teresa Pelton, and Steven E. Miller, eds. Russian Security after the Cold War: Seven Views from Moscow. Washington: Brassey's, 1994.

Jones, Ellen, and James H. Brusstar. "Moscow's Emerging Security Decisionmaking System: The Role of the Security Council," Journal of Slavic Military Studies. 6, September 1993, 345-74.

Jonson, Lena. "The Foreign Policy Debate in Russia: In Search of. National Interest," Nationalities Papers. No. 1, Spring 1994, 175-93.

Kasatkin, Anatoliy. "Priorities and Other Components of Foreign Policy," International Affairs [Moscow], No. 12, 1994, 79-86.

Kim, Won Bae. "Sino-Russian Relations and Chinese Workers in the Russian Far East," Asian Survey. 34, December 1994, 1064-76.

Kortunov, Sergei, and Andrey Kortunov. "From 'Moralism' to 'Pragmatics': New Dimensions or Russian Foreign Policy," Comparative Strategy. 13, 1994, 261-76.

Kozyrev, Andrei. "The Lagging Partnership," Foreign Affairs. 73, No. 3, May-June 1994, 59-71.

Kozyrev, Andrei. "Partnership or Cold Peace?" Foreign Policy. No. 99, Summer 1995, 3-14.

Kullberg, Judith S. The End of New Thinking?: Elite Ideologies and the Future of Russian Foreign Policy. Columbus: Mershon Center, Ohio State University, 1993.

Lepingwell, John W. "The Russian Military and Security Policy in the 'Near Abroad,'" Survival. 36, Autumn 1994, 70-92.

Lough, Jean. "The Place of the 'Near Abroad' in Russian Foreign Policy," RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 2, No. 10, March 12, 1993, 21-29.

Lugar, Richard G. "Assessing the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe in the 1990s," Problems of Communism. 41, January-April 1992, 76-80.

Lynch, Allen. "Postcommunist Political Dynamics: Ex Uno Plura," RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 3, No. 1, January 7, 1994, 1-8.

Maksudov, Sergei, and William Taubman. "Russian-Soviet Nationality Policy and Foreign Policy." Pages 15-43 in Michael Mandelbaum, ed., The Rise of Nations in the Soviet Union. New York: Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1991.

Mandelbaum, Michael, ed. The Rise of Nations in the Soviet Union. New York: Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1991.

Mesbahi, Mohiaddin, ed. Central Asia and the Caucasus after the Soviet Union: Domestic and International Dynamics. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1994.

Mesbahi, Mohiaddin, ed. Russia and the Third World in the Post-Soviet Era. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1994.

Meyer, Peggy Falkenheim. "Moscow's Relations with Tokyo: Domestic Obstacles to. Territorial Agreement," Asian Survey. 33, October 1993, 953-67.

Mitchell, Nina. "Loose Cannon? The Russian Military in the NearAbroad," Harvard International Review. 16, Summer 1994, 40-41.

Nevers, Renee de. "Russia's Strategic Renovation," Adelphi Papers. No. 289, 1994.

Nichol, James P. Diplomacy in the Former Soviet Republics. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger, 1995.

Olcott, Martha Brill. "Sovereignty and the 'Near Abroad,'" Orbis. 39, Summer 1995, 353-67.

Polsky, Yury. "Russia's Policy Toward Israel," Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies. 27, Fall 1994, 19-35.

Pushkov, Alexei K. "Letter from Eurasia: Russia and America -- the Honeymoon's Over," Foreign Policy. No. 93, Winter 1993, 76-90.

Rahr, Alexander. "New Faces and Old Priorities," Transition [Prague], 1, No. 1, February 15, 1995, 9-11.

Saikal, Amin. "Russia and Central Asia." Pages 142-56 in Amin Saikal and William Maley, eds., Russia in Search of Its Future. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Saikal, Amin, and William Maley. "From Soviet to Russian Foreign Policy." Pages 102-22 in Amin Saikal and William Maley, eds., Russia in Search of Its Future. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Saikal, Amin, and William Maley, eds. Russia in Search of Its Future. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Sestanovich, Stephen. "Andrei the Giant," New Republic. 210, April 11, 1994, 24-27.

Sestanovich, Stephen, ed. Rethinking Russia's National Interests. Washington: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 1994.

Shearman, Peter, ed. Russian Foreign Policy since 1990. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1995.

Slagle, James H. "New Russian Military Doctrine: Sign of the Times," Parameters. 24, Spring 1994, 88-89.

Smith, Mark. Pax Russica: Russia's Monroe Doctrine. London: Royal United Services Institute for Defence Studies, 1993.

Stoessinger, John George. Nations at Dawn -- China, Russia, and America. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1994.

Sudarev, Vladimir P. "Russia and Latin America," Hemisphere. 5, Winter-Spring 1993, 12-14.

Szporluk, Roman. "Belarus, Ukraine, and the Russian Question:. Comment," Post-Soviet Affairs, 9, October-December 1993, 366-74.

Szporluk, Roman. "Soviet Domestic Foreign Policy: Universal Ideology and National Tradition," Nationalities Papers. 22, Spring 1994, 195-207.

Teague, Elizabeth. "North-South Divide: Yeltsin and Russia's Provincial Leaders," RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 2, No. 47, November 26, 1993, 7-23.

Timmermann, Heinz. "Russian Foreign Policy under Yeltsin: Priority for Integration into the 'Community of Civilized States,'" Journal of Communist Studies. 8, December 1992, 163-85.

Tolz, Vera. "Thorny Road Toward Federalism in Russia," RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 2, No. 48, December 3, 1993, 1-8.

Tyurdenev, Vladimir. "Latin America and Russia," International Affairs [Moscow], No. 11, 1994, 31-37.

Valkenier, Elizabeth Kridl. "Russian Policies in Central Asia: Change or Continuity?" SAIS Review. 14, Summer-Fall 1994, 15-28.

Webber, Mark. "The Emergence of the Foreign Policy of the Russian Federation," Communist and Post-Communist Studies. 26, September 1993, 243-63.

Werner, Klaus. "Russia's Foreign Trade and the Economic Reforms," Intereconomics. 28, May-June 1993, 144-52.

Wittag, Gerhard. "Moscow's Perception of NATO's Role," Aussenpolitik [Bonn], No. 2, 1994, 123-33.

Yassman, Victor. "Five Different Perceptions on the Future of Russian Foreign Policy," Demokratizatsiya. No. 4, 1993, 84-95.

Zelikow, Philip. "Beyond Boris Yeltsin," Foreign Affairs. 73, No. 1, January-February 1994, 44-55.

Chapter 9

Ahmedullah, Mohammed. "Renewing Indo-Russian Defence Cooperation," Military Technology. 22, No. 3, March 1996, 38-48.

Almquist, Peter. "Arms Producers Struggle to Survive as Defense Orders Shrink," RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 2, No. 25, June 18, 1993, 33-41.

Benson, Sumner. "Will Moscow Use High-Tech to Remilitarize?" Orbis. 39, No. 3, Summer 1995, 403-16.

Billington, James H. The Icon and the Axe: An Interpretive History of Russian Culture. New York: Knopf, 1966.

Blank, Stephen. Challenging the New World Order: The Arms Transfer Policies of the Russian Republic. Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania: U.S. Army War College Strategic Studies Institute, 1993.

Bukharin, Oleg A. "Meeting the Challenges of Dismantlement," Transition [Prague], 1, No. 21, November 17, 1995, 30-33.

Clarke, Douglas L. "A Hollow Russian Military Force in Asia?" Transition [Prague], 1, No. 17, September 22, 1995, 24-27.

Clarke, Douglas L. "Rusting Fleet Renews Debate on Navy's Mission," RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 2, No. 25, June 18, 1993, 25-32.

Cullin, Tony, and Christopher Foss, eds. Jane's Land Based Air Defence 1993-94. Coulsdon, United Kingdom: Jane's Information Group, 1993.

Dick, Charles. "The Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation," Jane's Intelligence Review [Coulsdon, United Kingdom], 6, January 1994, 1-12.

Dunlop, John B. "Russia: Confronting. Loss of Empire," Political Science Quarterly. 109, Winter 1993-94, 603-63.

Ford, Peter. "Young Russians Want Out of Their Own Brutal Army," Christian Science Monitor. 87, August 8, 1995, 1.

Foye, Stephen. "Civilian and Military Leaders in Russia's 'New' Political Arena," RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 3, No. 15, April 15, 1994, 1-6.

Foye, Stephen. "A Hardened Stance on Foreign Policy," Transition. Prague], 1, No. 9, June 9, 1995, 36-40.

Foye, Stephen. "The Soviet Legacy," RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 2, No. 25, June 18, 1993, 1-8.

Fuller, Elizabeth. "Stopping the Shooting Is Only Half the Battle," Transition [Prague], 2, No. 1, January 12, 1996, 22-24.

Glantz, David M. Soviet and Commonwealth Military Doctrine in Revolutionary Times. Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas: Foreign MilitaryStudies Office, 1992.

"Glasnost" Public Foundation. Public Investigation Commission. Round Table VI. The War in Chechnya: Necessity of Holding an International Tribunal. Moscow: 1995.

Glogan, Tim. "Russia to Pay Debt with SA-11 Missile Systems," Jane's Defence Weekly [Coulsdon, United Kingdom], 25, December 16, 1995, 9.

Grechko, Aleksandr. The Armed Forces of the Soviet Union. Moscow: Progress, 1977.

Gribincea, Mihai. "Rejecting. New Role for the Former 14th Russian Army," Transition [Prague], 2, No. 6, March 22, 1996, 38-40.

Handler, Joshua. "The Future of Russia's Strategic Forces," Jane's Intelligence Review [Coulsdon, United Kingdom], 7, April 1995, 162-65.

Heilbrunn, Jacob. "The Big East:. New Russian Empire," New Republic. 214, May 27, 1996, 22-24.

Heinrich, Andreas, and Heiko Pleines. "Russia's 'Nuclear Flea Market' Tempts Smugglers," Transition [Prague], 1, No. 21, 1995, 9-11.

Herspring, Dale R. "The Russian Military: Three Years On," Communist and Post-Communist Studies. 28, No. 2, June 1995, 163-82.

Hoff, Magdalene, and Heinz Tammerman. "Kaliningrad: Russia's Future Gateway to Europe?" RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 2, No. 36, September 10, 1993.

Holcomb, James F. Russian Military Doctrine. Camberley, United Kingdom: Soviet Studies Research Centre, 1992.

Ingwerson, Marshall. "Russia's Army:. Loose Cannon in Power Transfer," Christian Science Monitor. 88, 138, June 12, 1996, 1.

Ionescu, Dan. "Russia's Long Arm and the Dniester Impasse," Transition [Prague], 1, No. 19, 1995, 14-15.

Joint Publications Research Service. JPRS Report: Central Eurasia Military Affairs: Directory of Military Organizations and Personnel. Washington: 1994.

Katz, Mark N. "Nationalism and the Legacy of Empire," Current History. 94, October 1995, 328-36.

Kogan, Yevgeni. "Russian Defence Conversion and Arms Exportation," Peace Research Institute Frankfurt Reports [Frankfurt-am-Main], No. 41, 1995.

Konovalov, Aleksandr. "Will Yeltsin Sacrifice His Defense Minister?" Prism. 2, No. 9, Pt. 3, May 3, 1996.

Lepingwell, John W.R. "Is the Military Disintegrating from Within?" RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 2, No. 25, June 18, 1993, 9-16.

Lepingwell, John W.R. "Restructuring the Russian Military," RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 2, No. 25, June 18, 1993, 17-24.

Lunev, Stanislav. "Future Changes in Russian Military Policy," Prism. 2, No. 3, Pt. 2, February 9, 1996, 1-5.

Lunev, Stanislav. "Russian Military Policy in the Transcaucasus," Prism. 2, No. 8, Pt. 4, April 19, 1996.

Mackenzie-Wallace, Donald F. Russia on the Eve of War and Revolution. New York: Random House, 1961.

Marshall-Hasdell, Dennis J. Russian Airpower in Chechnya. Camberly, United Kingdom: Conflict Studies Research Centre, 1996.

Mihalka, Michael. "Continued Resistance to NATO Expansion," Transition [Prague], 1, No. 14, August 11, 1995, 36-41.

The Military Balance, 1993-1994. London: Brassey's, 1993.

The Military Balance, 1994-1995. London: Brassey's, 1994.

The Military Balance, 1995-1996. London: Brassey's, 1995.

Orr, Michael. The Russian Army and the War in Tajikistan. Camberly, United Kingdom: Conflict Studies Research Centre, 1996.

Orttung, Robert. "Chechnya:. Painful Price," Transition [Prague], 1, No. 3, March 15, 1995, 3-10.

Oznobishchev, Sergei. "Russia Now Has Its Own 'National Security Policy,'" Prism. 2, No. 12, Pt. 3, June 14, 1996, 1-5.

Parrish, Scott. "Nuclear Arms:. Soviet Legacy," Transition [Prague], 1, No. 21, November 17, 1995, 6-8.

Parrish, Scott. "A Turning Point in the Chechen Conflict," Transition [Prague], 1, No. 15, July 28, 1995, 42-50.

Petersen, Phillip A., and Shane C. Petersen. "The Kaliningrad Garrison State," Jane's Intelligence Review [Coulsdon, United Kingdom], 5, February 1993, 59-62.

Plater-Zyberk, Henry. Russia's Future Security: The Zhirinovskiy Factor. Camberley, United Kingdom: Conflict Studies Research Centre, 1994.

Rutland, Peter, and Ustina Markus. "Russia as. Pacific Power," Transition [Prague], 1, No. 16, September 8, 1995, 4-7.

Slagle, James H. "New Russian Military Doctrine: Sign of the Times," Parameters. 24, Spring 1994, 88-89.

Socor, Vladimir. "The Fourteenth Army in Moldova: There to Stay?" RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 2, No. 25, June 18, 1993, 42-49.

Staar, Richard F. "Beyond the Unipolar Moment: Moscow's Plans to Restore Its Power," Orbis. 40, No. 3, Summer 1996, 375-89.

Staar, Richard F. The New Military in Russia: Ten Myths That Shape the Image. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1996.

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Thomas, Timothy. "Fault Lines and Factions in the Russian Army," Orbis. 39, No. 4, Fall 1995, 531-48.

Turbiville, Graham H., Jr. Mafia in Uniform: The Criminalization of the Russian Armed Forces. Washington: Foreign Military Studies Office, 1996.

"World Defence Almanac 1995-96," Military Technology [Bonn], 20, No. 1, 1996.

World Directory of Defense Authorities. Bethesda, Maryland: Worldwide Government Directories, 1996.

Chapter 10

Albats, Yevgeniia. The State Within. State: The KGB and Its Hold on Russia Today. New York: Farrah, Strauss, Giroux, 1994.

"Crime and Corruption in Russia." Briefing on the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe. Washington: June 1994.

Fuller, Elizabeth. "Chechen Politics:. Murky Prospect," Transition [Prague], 1, No. 6, March 15, 1995, 11-13.

"Groping Ahead," Economist [London], 336, No. 7930, September 2, 1995, 42-48.

Handelman, Stephen. Comrade Criminal: Russia's New Mafia. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994.

Handelman, Stephen. "The Russian 'Mafiya,'" Foreign Affairs. 73, No. 2, March-April 1994, 83-96.

Heritage Foundation. Crime and Corruption in Eurasia:. Threat to Democracy and International Security. Washington: 1995.

Ingwerson, Marshall. "Russia's Juries Give Police an O.J.-Style Rap," Christian Science Monitor. 88, No. 103, April 23, 1996.

Knight, Amy. The KGB: Police and Politics in the Soviet Union. Boston: Allen and Unwin, 1988.

Knight, Amy. "Russian Security Services under Yeltsin," Post- Soviet Affairs. 9, No. 1, 1993, 40-65.

Morvant, Penny. "Corruption Hampers War on Crime in Russia," Transition [Prague], 2, No. 6, March 8, 1996, 23-27.

Morvant, Penny. "War on Organized Crime and Corruption," Transition [Prague], 1, No. 4, February 15, 1995, 32-36.

"The Rise of Russia's Crime Commissars," World Press Review. 41, June 1994, 13-14.

Sterling, Claire. Thieves' World. The Threat of the New Global Network of Organized Crime. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994.

Tolz, Vera, "The Moscow Crisis and the Future of Democracy in Russia," RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 2, No. 42, October 22, 1993, 1-9.

Ulrich, Christopher J. "The Growth of Crime in Russia and the Baltic Region," RFE/FL Research Report [Munich], 3, No. 23, June 10, 1994, 24-32.

Ulrich, Christopher J. The Price of Freedom: The Criminal Threat in Russia, Eastern Europe, and the Baltic Region. Washington: Research Institute for the Study of Conflict and Terrorism, 1994.

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United States. Department of State. Bureau of International Narcotics Matters. International Narcotics Control Strategy Report March 1996. Washington: GPO, 1996.

Waller, J. Michael. Secret Empire: The KGB in Russia Today. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1994.

Wishnevsky, Julia. "Corruption Allegations Undermine Russia's Leaders," RFE/RL Research Report [Munich], 2, No. 37, September 17, 1993, 16-22.

Wishnevsky, Julia. "Manipulation, Mayhem, and Murder," Transition [Prague], 1, No. 6, February 15, 1995, 37-40.

Woff, Richard. "The Border Troops of the Russian Federation," Jane's Intelligence Review [Coulsdon, United Kingdom], 7, No. 2, February 1995, 70-73.

Zhdanov, Vladimir, and James Hughes. "Russia's 'Alpha Group' Changes with the Times," Transition [Prague], 2, No. 6, March 8, 1996, 28-31.

Zimmerman, Tim, and Alan Cooperman. "The Russian Connection," U.S. News and World Report. October 23, 1995, 56-67.




Last Updated: July 1996


Editor's Note: Country Studies included here were published between 1988 and 1998. The Country study for Russia was first published in 1996. Where available, the data has been updated through 2008. The date at the bottom of each section will indicate the time period of the data. Information on some countries may no longer be up to date. See the "Research Completed" date at the beginning of each study on the Title Page or the "Data as of" date at the end of each section of text. This information is included due to its comprehensiveness and for historical purposes.

Note that current information from the CIA World Factbook, U.S. Department of State Background Notes, Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Country Briefs, the UK's Foreign and Commonwealth Office's Country Profiles, and the World Bank can be found on Factba.se.

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