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Trinidad and Tobago: Bibliography
Country Study > Bibliography > Commonwealth of Caribbean Islands

BIBLIOGRAPHY


Chapter 1

Ahye, Molly. Cradle of Caribbean Dance. Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago: Heritage Cultures, 1983.

Alegria, Ricardo. "Etnografía Taina y los Conquistadores," Revista del Museo de Antropología, Historia y Arte de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1, No. 1, July-December 1979, 5-15.

Augier, F.R., et al. The Making of the West Indies. London: Longmans, 1960.

Baedeker's Caribbean, Including Bermuda, 1987. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1986.

Barry, Tom, Beth Wood, and Deb Preusch. The Other Side of Paradise: Foreign Control in the Caribbean. New York: Grove Press, 1984.

Basdeo, Sahadeo. "Walter Citrine and the British Caribbean Workers Movement During the Moyne Commission Hearing, 1938-1939." Pages 259-73 in Blanca Silvestrini (ed.), Politics, Society, and Culture in the Caribbean. San Juan: University of Puerto Rico, 1983.

Beckford, George L. Persistent Poverty: Underdevelopment in Plantation Economies of the Third World. New York: Oxford University Press, 1972.

Bessil-Watson, Lisa. Handbook of Churches in the Caribbean. Bridgetown, Barbados: Cedar Press, 1982.

Blanshard, Paul. Democracy and Empire in the Caribbean. New York: Macmillan, 1947.

Braithwaite, Edward. The Development of Creole Society in Jamaica, 1770-1820. New York: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Brana-Shute, Rosemary. A Bibliography of Caribbean Migration and Caribbean Immigrant Communities. Gainesville: Center for Latin American Studies, University of Florida, 1983.

Brereton, Bridget. A History of Modern Trinidad, 1783-1962. London: Heinemann, 1981.

-- -- -- . Race Relations in Colonial Trinidad, 1870-1900. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.

Bridenbaugh, Carl, and Roberta Bridenbaugh. No Peace Beyond the Line: The English in the Caribbean, 1624-1690. New York: Oxford University Press, 1972.

Brizan, George I. Grenada, Island of Conflict: From Amerindians to People's Revolution, 1498-1979. (Third World Studies.) London: Zed Books, 1984.

Bryce-Laporte, Roy, et al. Return Migration and Remittances: Developing a Caribbean Prospective. Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1982.

Buckley, Roger. Slaves in Red Coats: The British West India Regiments, 1795-1815. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1979.

Bullbrook, J.A. On the Excavation of a Shell Mound at Palo Seco, Trinidad. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1953.

Caldecott, Alfred. The Church in the West Indies. (New ed.) London: Cass, 1970. Originally published in 1898.

Campbell, Carl. "The Opposition to Crown Colony Government in Trinidad Before and After Emancipation, 1813-46." Page 67 in Barry W. Higman (ed.), Trade, Government, and Society in Caribbean History, 1700-1920. Kingston, Jamaica: Heinemann, 1983.

Campbell, Mavis C. The Dynamics of Change in a Slave Society: A Sociopolitical History of the Free Coloreds of Jamaica, 1800-1865. Cranbury, New Jersey: Associated University Presses, 1976.

The Caribbean: Survival, Struggle, and Sovereignty. Washington: EPICA Task Force, 1985.

Chernick, Sidney E. The Commonwealth Caribbean: The Integration Experience. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1978.

Clarke, Edith. My Mother Who Fathered Me: A Study of the Family in Three Selected Communities in Jamaica. London: Allen and Unwin, 1957.

Cohen, David W., and Jack P. Greene (eds.). Neither Slave Nor Free: The Freedmen of African Descent in the Slave Societies of the New World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1972.

Collier, Simon, Harold Blakemore, and Thomas E. Skidmore (eds.). The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Latin America and the Caribbean. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Conniff, Michael L. Black Labor on a White Canal: Panama, 1904-1981. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1985.

Cox, Edward L. Free Coloreds in the Slave Societies of St. Kitts and Grenada, 1763-1833. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1984.

Crahan, Margaret E., and Franklin W. Knight (eds.). Africa and the Caribbean: The Legacies of a Link. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1979.

Craton, Michael. A History of the Bahamas. (3d ed.) Waterloo, Canada: San Salvador Press, 1986.

-- -- -- . Searching for the Invisible Man. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1978.

-- -- -- . Testing the Chains: Resistance to Slavery in the British West Indies. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1982.

Craton, Michael, and James Walvin. A Jamaican Plantation: The History of Worthy Park, 1670-1970. London: Allen, 1970.

Crosby, Alfred W., Jr. The Columbian Exchange: Biological and Cultural Consequences of 1492. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1972.

Curtin, Philip. The Atlantic Slave Trade: A Census. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1969.

-- -- -- . Two Jamaicas: The Role of Ideas in a Tropical Colony, 1830-1865. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1955. Reissued, New York: Atheneum, 1970.

Davis, David Brion. The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1976.

-- -- -- . The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1966.

Davis, Stephen, and Peter Simon. Reggae Bloodlines: In Search of the Music and Culture of Jamaica. (rev. ed.) New York: Anchor Books, 1979.

Delson, Roberta M. (ed.). Readings in Caribbean History and Economics. New York: Gordon and Breach, 1981.

Denevan, William M. (ed.). The Native Population of the Americas in 1492. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1976.

Drescher, Seymour. Econocide: British Slavery in the Era of Abolition. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1977.

Dunn, Richard S. Sugar and Slaves: The Rise of the Planter Class in the English West Indies, 1624-1713. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1972.

Eaton, George E. Alexander Bustamante and Modern Jamaica. Kingston, Jamaica: Kingston, 1975.

Elliott, J.H. Imperial Spain, 1469-1716. London: Macmillan, 1963.

Floyd, Troy S. The Columbus Dynasty in the Caribbean, 1492-1526. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1973.

Fortune, Stephen. Merchants and Jews: The Struggle for British West Indian Commerce, 1650-1750. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1984.

Garcia, A. History of the West Indies. London: George C. Harrap, 1965.

Gaspar, Barry. Bondmen and Rebels: A Study of Master-Slave Relations in Antigua. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985.

Gibson, Charles. Spain in America. New York: Harper and Row, 1966.

The Gleaner Geography and History of Jamaica. Kingston, Jamaica: Gleaner, 1973.

Gordon, Shirley C. Reports and Repercussions in West Indian Education, 1835-1933. London: Ginn, 1963.

Goslinga, Cornelis C. The Dutch in the Caribbean and on the Wild Coast, 1580-1680. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1971.

Goveia, Elsa. Slave Society in the British Leeward Islands at the End of the Eighteenth Century. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965.

Granzotto, Gianni. Christopher Columbus. The Dream and the Obsession: A Biography. New York: Doubleday, 1985.

Green, William A. British Slave Emancipation: The Sugar Colonies and the Great Experiment, 1830-1865. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1976.

Greene, J.E. Race and Politics in Guyana. Mona, Jamaica: Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies, 1974.

Hagelbert, G.B. The Caribbean Sugar Industries: Constraints and Opportunities. New Haven: Antilles Research Program, 1974.

Hall, Douglas. Free Jamaica, 1838-1865: An Economic History. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1959. Reprinted, London: 1976.

Hamshere, Cyril. The British in the Caribbean. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1972.

Handler, Jerome S. The Unappropriated People: Freedmen in the Slave Society of Barbados. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1974.

Haraksingh, Kusha. "Labor, Technology, and the Sugar Estates in Trinidad, 1879-1914." Pages 133-46 in Bill Albert and Adrian Graves (eds.), Crisis and Change in the International Sugar Economy, 1860-1914. Edinburgh: ISC Press, 1984.

Haynes, Cleviston. "Sugar and the Barbadian Economy, 1946-1980." Pages 81-105 in DeLisle Worrell (ed.), The Economy of Barbados, 1946-1980. Bridgetown, Barbados: Central Bank of Barbados, 1982.

Henige, David. "On the Contact Population of Hispaniola: History as Higher Mathematics," Hispanic American Historical Review, 58, No. 2, May 1978, 217-37.

Henriques, Fernand. Children of Caliban: Miscegenation. London: Secker and Warburg, 1974.

Henry, Paget, and Carl Stone (eds.). The Newer Caribbean: Decolonization, Democracy, and Development. (Inter- American Politics series, 4.) Philadelphia: Institute for the Study of Human Issues, 1983.

Heuman, Gad J. Between Black and White: Race, Politics, and the Free Coloreds in Jamaica, 1792-1865. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1981.

Higman, Barry W. Slave Population and Economy in Jamaica, 1807-1834. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976.

-- -- -- . Slave Populations of the British Caribbean, 1807-1834. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1984.

Higman, Barry W. (ed.). Trade, Government, and Society in Caribbean History, 1700-1920. Kingston, Jamaica: Heinemann, 1983.

Hill, Errol. The Trinidad Carnival: Mandate for a National Theatre. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1972.

Hoetink, H. Caribbean Race Relations: A Study of Two Variants. London: Oxford University Press, 1967.

Inter-American Development Bank. Economic and Social Progress in Latin America: 1986 Report. Washington: 1987.

Jacobs, H.P. Sixty Years of Change, 1806-1866 (Progress and Reaction in Kingston and the Countryside). Kingston, Jamaica: Planning Institute of Jamaica, 1973.

Jacobs, W. Richard, and Ian Jacobs. Grenada: Route to Revolution. Havana: Casa de las Americas, 1979.

Jamaica. Department of Statistics. Pocketbook of Statistics: Jamaica, 1983. Kingston, Jamaica: 1984.

Jones, Joseph, and Johanna Jones. Authors and Areas of the West Indies. Austin: Steck-Vaughn, 1970.

Karch, Cecilia A. "The Role of the Barbados Mutual Life Assurance Society During the International Sugar Crisis of the Late 19th Century." Pages 95-130 in K.O. Laurence (ed.), A Selection of Papers Presented at the Twelfth Conference of the Association of Caribbean Historians (1980). Bridgetown, Barbados: Government Printing Department, n.d.

Kiple, Kenneth. The Caribbean Slave: A Biological History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Klein, Herbert. African Slavery in Latin America and the Caribbean. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Knight, Franklin W. The African Dimension of Latin American Societies. New York: Macmillan, 1974.

-- -- -- . The Caribbean: The Genesis of a Fragmented Nationalism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.

-- -- -- . "Jamaican Migrants and the Cuban Sugar Industry, 1900-1934." Pages 94-114 in Manuel Moreno Fraginals, Frank Moya Pons, and Stanley Engerman (eds.), Between Slavery and Free Labor: The Spanish-Speaking Caribbean in the Nineteenth Century. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985.

Knowles, W. Trade Union Development and Industrial Relations in the British West Indies. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1959.

Langley, Lester D. Struggle for the American Mediterranean: United States-European Rivalry in the Gulf Caribbean, 1776- 1904. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1976.

-- -- -- . The United States and the Caribbean in the Twentieth Century. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1982.

Laurence, K.O. Immigration into the West Indies in the 19th Century. London: Ginn, 1971.

Lewis, David. Reform and Revolution in Grenada, 1950-1981. Havana: Casa de las Americas, 1984.

Lewis, Gordon K. The Growth of the Modern West Indies. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1968.

-- -- -- . Main Currents in Caribbean Thought. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1983.

Lewis, W. Arthur. Labour in the West Indies: The Birth of a Workers Movement. (New ed.) London: New Beacon Books, 1977.

Lindsay, Louis. The Myth of Independence: Middle Class Politics and Non-Mobilization in Jamaica. Mona, Jamaica: Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies, 1975.

Lockhart, James, and Stuart B. Schwartz. Early Latin America: A History of Colonial Spanish America and Brazil. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

Lovejoy, Paul E. "The Volume of the Atlantic Slave Trade: A Synthesis," Journal of African History, 22, No. 4, 1982, 473-501.

Loven, Sven. Origins of the Tainan Culture. Göteborg, Sweden: Elanders, 1935.

Lynch, John. Spain under the Hapsburgs. (2 vols.) New York: Oxford University Press, 1964.

McNeill, William H. The Rise of the West. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1963.

Mandle, Jay R. Patterns of Caribbean Development: An Interpretative Essay on Economic Change. New York: Gordon and Breach, 1982.

-- -- -- . The Plantation Economy: Population and Economic Change in Guyana, 1838-1860. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1973.

Manley, Norman Washington. Norman Washington Manley and the New Jamaica: Selected Speeches and Writings, 1938-1968. (Ed., Rex M. Nettleford.) Kingston, Jamaica: Longmans Caribbean, 1971.

Marshall, Woodville K. "Vox Populi: The St. Vincent Riots and Disturbances of 1862." Pages 85-116 in Barry W. Higman (ed.), Trade, Government, and Society in Caribbean History, 1700- 1920. Kingston, Jamaica: Heinemann, 1983.

Meinig, D.W. The Shaping of America: A Geographical Perspective on 500 Years of History, 1: Atlantic America, 1492-1800. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986.

Millette, James. The Genesis of Crown Colony Government: Trinidad, 1783-1810. Curepe, Trinidad and Tobago: Moko Enterprises, 1970.

Mintz, Sidney W. Caribbean Transformations. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1974.

-- -- -- . Sweetness and Power: The Place of Sugar in Modern History. New York: Viking Press, 1985.

Mintz, Sidney W., and S. Price (eds.). Caribbean Contours. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985.

Moore, Richard B. Caribs, "Cannibals," and Human Relations. New York: Pathway, 1972.

Mordecai, John. The West Indies: The Federal Negotiations. London: Allen and Unwin, 1968.

Morison, Samuel E. Admiral of the Ocean Sea: A Life of Christopher Columbus. (2 vols.) Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1983.

Mortimer, Delores, and Roy Bryce-Laporte (eds.). Female Immigrants to the United States: Caribbean, Latin American, and African Experiences. Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1981.

Munroe, Trevor. The Politics of Constitutional Decolonization: Jamaica, 1944-62. Mona, Jamaica: Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies, 1972.

Nettleford, Rex M. Identity, Race, and Protest in Jamaica. New York: Morrow, 1972.

-- -- -- . Manley and the Politics of Jamaica: Towards an Analysis of Political Change in Jamaica, 1938-1968. Mona, Jamaica: Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies, 1971.

O'Shaughnessy, Hugh. Grenada: Revolution, Invasion, and Aftermath. London: Sphere Books, 1984.

Palmer, Colin A. Human Cargoes: The British Slave Trade to Latin America. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1981.

Palmer, Ransford W. Caribbean Dependence on the United States Economy. New York: Praeger, 1979.

-- -- -- . Problems of Development in Beautiful Countries: Perspectives on the Caribbean. Lanham, Maryland: North- South, 1984.

Parry, John H. The Age of Reconnaissance. New York: Macmillan, 1963.

Parry, John H., and Philip M. Sherlock. A Short History of the West Indies. New York: Macmillan, 1971.

Parry, John H., Philip M. Sherlock, and Anthony P. Maingot. A Short History of the West Indies. (4th ed.) New York: St. Martin's Press, 1987.

Pastor, Robert A. (ed.). Migration and Development in the Caribbean: The Unexplored Connection. (Westview Special Studies on Latin America and the Caribbean.) Boulder: Westview Press, 1985.

Payne, Anthony. The International Crisis in the Caribbean. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1984.

Payne, Anthony, and Paul Sutton (eds.). Dependency under Challenge: The Political Economy of the Commonwealth Caribbean. London: Butler and Tanner, 1984.

Penrose, Boies. Travel and Discovery in the Renaissance, 1420-1620. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1952.

Puckrein, Gary A. Little England: Plantation Society and Anglo-Barbadian Politics, 1627-1700. New York: New York University Press, 1984.

Ragatz, L. The Fall of the Planter Class in the British Caribbean, 1763-1833. (New ed.) New York: Octagon Books, 1971.

Ramchand, Kenneth. The West Indian Novel and Its Background. London: Faber and Faber, 1970.

Raynal, Abbe. Philosophical and Political History of the Settlements and Trade of the Europeans in the East and West Indies. (6 vols.) New York: Negro Universities Press, 1969.

Richardson, Bonham C. Caribbean Migrants: Environment and Human Survival in St. Kitts and Nevis. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1983.

-- -- -- . Panama Money in Barbados, 1900-1920. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1985.

Rodney, Walter. A History of the Guyanese Working People, 1881-1905. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981.

Ryan, Selwyn. Race and Nationalism in Trinidad and Tobago. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1972.

Samaroo, Brinsley. "The Trinidad Labor Party and the Moyne Commission, 1938." Pages 259-73 in Blanca Silvestrini (ed.), Politics, Society, and Culture in the Caribbean. San Juan: University of Puerto Rico, 1983.

Sauer, Carl. The Early Spanish Main. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1966.

Schuler, Monica. "Alas, Alas, Kongo": A Social History of Indentured African Immigration into Jamaica, 1841-1865. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1980.

Semmel, Bernard. Democracy Versus Empire: The Jamaica Riots of 1865 and the Governor Eyre Controversy. New York: Doubleday, 1969.

Sewell, William G. Ordeal of Free Labor in the British West Indies. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1862.

Sheppard, Jill. The "Redlegs" of Barbados: Their Origins and History. (The Caribbean -- Historical and Cultural Perspectives series.) Millwood, New York: KTO Press, 1977.

Singham, Archie W. The Hero and the Crowd in a Colonial Polity. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1968.

Stephens, E.H., and John D. Stephens. Democratic Socialism in Jamaica. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986.

Steward, Julian, and Louis Faron. Native Peoples of South America. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1959.

Stone, Carl. Class, Race, and Political Behaviour in Urban Jamaica. Mona, Jamaica: Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies, 1973.

-- -- -- . Democracy and Clientelism in Jamaica. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Books, 1980.

-- -- -- . Power in the Caribbean Basin: A Comparative Study of Political Economy. Philadelphia: Institute for the Study of Human Issues, 1986.

Thomas, Clive Y. Plantations, Peasants, and State. Los Angeles: Center for Afro-American Studies, University of California, 1984.

Watson, Karl. The Civilised Island: Barbados. A Social History, 1750-1816. Bridgetown, Barbados: Graphic Printers, 1979.

West, Robert C., and John P. Augelli (eds.). Middle America: Its Lands and Peoples. (2d ed.) Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1976.

Willey, Gordon. The Entry of Man into the West Indies. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1960.

Willey, Gordon (ed.). Prehistoric Settlement Patterns in the New World. New York: Wenner-Gren, 1956.

Williams, Eric. Capitalism and Slavery. (New ed.) New York: Russell and Russell, 1961.

-- -- -- . From Columbus to Castro: The History of the Caribbean, 1492-1969. New York: Harper and Row, 1970.

-- -- -- . Inward Hunger: The Education of a Prime Minister. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1969.

Wood, Donald. Trinidad in Transition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1968.

The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 1987. New York: Newspaper Enterprise Association, 1986.

Chapter 2

Americas Watch. Human Rights in Jamaica. (An Americas Watch Report.) New York: 1986.

Amnesty International. Jamaica: The Death Penalty. London: 1984.

Andrade, John. World Police and Paramilitary Forces. New York: Stockton Press, 1985.

Ashby, Timothy. "The U.S. Message for Jamaica's Seaga: It's Time to Keep Your Promise," Backgrounder, September 2, 1986, 12.

Ayub, Mahmood Ali. Made in Jamaica: The Development of the Manufacturing Sector. (World Bank Staff Occasional Papers, No. 31.) Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981.

Bacon, Peter R. Flora and Fauna of the Caribbean. Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago: Key Caribbean, 1978.

Bank of Jamaica. Statistical Digest. Kingston, Jamaica: December 1985.

Barry, Tom, Beth Wood, and Deb Preusch. The Other Side of Paradise: Foreign Control in the Caribbean. New York: Grove Press, 1984.

Bastin. "Contradictory Aspects of Tourism in the Caribbean." Mona, Jamaica: Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies, 1982.

Bell, Wendell. "Independent Jamaica Enters World Politics: Foreign Policy in a New State," Political Science Quarterly, 92, Winter 1977-78, 683-703.

Bernal, Richard L. "The Vicious Circle of Foreign Indebtedness: The Case of Jamaica." Pages 111-28 in Antonio Jorge, Jorge Salazar-Carrillo, and Frank Diaz-Pou (eds.), External Debt and Development Strategy in Latin America. New York: Pergamon Press, 1985.

Black, Clinton V. The Story of Jamaica: From Prehistory to the Present. London: Collins, 1965.

Bolling, H. Christine. Jamaica: Factors Affecting Its Capacity to Import Food. (Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agriculture Economic Reports, 176.) Washington: GPO, 1983.

Bonner, Arthur. "Michael Manley's Race with Time," Nation, 224, January 22, 1977, 30-34.

Brooks, John (ed.). The 1986 South American Handbook. Bath, United Kingdom: Trade and Travel, 1985.

Caribbean/Central American Action. 1986 Caribbean and Central America Databook. Washington: 1985.

Carr, Peter R. "Health Systems Development in the English-Speaking Caribbean: Toward the Twenty-First Century," Bulletin of the Pan American Health Organization, 19, No. 4, 1985, 368-83.

Cobb, Charles E., Jr. "Jamaica: Hard Times, High Hopes," National Geographic, 167, No. 1, January 1985, 114- 40.

The Diagram Group. Atlas of Central America and the Caribbean. New York: Macmillan, 1985.

Dorst, Jean. South America and Central America: A Natural History. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1967.

Duncan, Cameron. "The IMF and Jamaica." Washington: Department of Economics, The American University, 1986.

Edie, Carlene J. "Domestic Politics and External Relations in Jamaica under Michael Manley, 1972-1980," Studies in Comparative International Development, 21, Spring 1986, 71-94.

English, Adrian J. Armed Forces of Latin America. London: Jane's, 1984.

Evans, F.C. A First Geography of Jamaica. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Forbes, John D. Jamaica: Managing Political and Economic Change. (AEI Special Analyses.) Washington: American Enterprise Institute, 1985.

Girvan, Norman. Foreign Capital and Underdevelopment in Jamaica. Mona, Jamaica: Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies, 1971.

Hellinger, Steve, and Doug Hellinger. Supporting Central American and Caribbean Development: A Critique of the Caribbean Basin Initiative and an Alternative Regional Assistance Plan. Washington: Development Group for Alternative Policies, 1982.

Hurwitz, Samuel J. Jamaica: A Historical Portrait. New York: Praeger, 1971.

Inter-American Development Bank. Economic and Social Progress in Latin America: 1986 Report. Washington: 1987.

International Institute for Strategic Studies. The Military Balance, 1986-1987. London: 1986.

International Monetary Fund. International Financial Statistics. Washington: 1987.

Jalloul, Janet. "Jamaica Educational Survey." Washington: Department of Education, The American University, 1985.

Jamaica. Department of Statistics. Population Census, 1982: Preliminary Report. Kingston, Jamaica: 1983.

-- -- -- . Statistical Yearbook of Jamaica, 1980. Kingston, Jamaica, 1981.

Jamaica. Jamaica National Investment Promotion. Industrial Minerals: Industry Profile. Kingston, Jamaica: n.d.

-- -- -- . JNIP Annual Report, 1984. Kingston, Jamaica: 1985.

Jamaica. Ministry of Health. A Statement on National Population Policy. Kingston, Jamaica: 1981.

Jamaica. National Planning Agency. Agro-21 Master Plan: Making Agriculture Jamaica's Business. Kingston, Jamaica: 1982.

-- -- -- . Economic and Social Survey of Jamaica, 1980. Kingston, Jamaica: 1981.

-- -- -- . Economic and Social Survey of Jamaica, 1981. Kingston, Jamaica: 1982.

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-- -- -- . Economic and Social Survey of Jamaica, 1984. Kingston, Jamaica: 1985.

-- -- -- . Economic and Social Survey of Jamaica, 1985. Kingston, Jamaica: 1986.

-- -- -- . Economic and Social Survey of Jamaica, 1986. Kingston, Jamaica: 1987.

Jamaica. Planning Institute of Jamaica. Statistical Yearbook of Jamaica, 1980. Kingston, Jamaica: 1981.

Jamaica. Statistical Institute of Jamaica. Census of Agriculture, 1978-1979, I and II. Kingston, Jamaica: 1985.

-- -- -- . Demographic Statistics, 1983. Kingston, Jamaica: 1984.

-- -- -- . Household Expenditure Survey, 1984, I. Kingston, Jamaica: 1987.

"Jamaica Readies Debt Swap," Business Latin America, April 9, 1987, 111.

James, Preston. Latin America. New York: Odyssey Press, 1969.

Jefferson, Owen. The Post-War Economic Development of Jamaica. Mona, Jamaica: Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies, 1972.

Kaufman, Michael. Jamaica under Manley: Dilemmas of Socialism and Democracy. Westport, Connecticut: Lawrence Hill, 1985.

Koslofsky, Joanne. "Going Foreign: Causes of Jamaican Migration," NACLA Report on the Americas, 15, No. 1, January- February 1981, 2-24.

Kurian, George Thomas. The New Book of World Rankings. New York: Facts on File, 1979.

Lack, David. Island Biology. London: Blackwell Scientific, 1976.

Latin America Bureau. The Poverty Brokers: The IMF in Latin America. London: 1983.

Lewis, Gordon K. The Growth of the Modern West Indies. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1968.

Lewis, John P., and Valeriana Kallab (eds.). U. S. Foreign Policy and the Third World -- Agenda, 1983. New York: Praeger, 1983.

Lewis, W. Arthur. Labour in the West Indies: The Birth of a Workers Movement. (New ed.) London: New Beacon Books, 1977.

Looney, Robert E. The Jamaican Economy in the 1980s: Economic Decline and Structural Adjustment. Boulder: Westview Press, 1987.

McFarlane, C.P. Facts on Jamaica: Physiography. Kingston, Jamaica: Department of Statistics, 1973.

Martin, Atherton, Steve Hellinger, and Daniel Soloman. Prospects and Realities: The CBI Revisited. Washington: Development Group for Alternative Policies, 1985.

Massing, Michael. "The Jamaican Experiment," Atlantic Monthly, 252, September 1983, 37-51.

Mitchell, Harold. Europe in the Caribbean: The Policies of Great Britain, France, and the Netherlands Towards Their West Indian Territories. New York: Cooper Square, 1973.

Morgan, Janet. "Blueprint Island: A Survey of Jamaica," Economist [London], 286, February 12, 1983, 1-18.

Nurkse, Lawrence. "Los Sindicatos en el Caribe Anglófono," Nueva Sociedad [Caracas] 88, November-December 1986, 57-68.

O'Shaughnessy, Hugh. "Behind the Violence in Jamaica: Political and Economic Pressures on the Manley Government," Round Table: The Commonwealth Journal of International Affairs [London], No. 264, October 1976, 379-87.

Oxfam. Debt and Poverty: A Case Study of Jamaica. London: 1985.

Pan American Health Organization. "AIDS Surveillance in the Americas: Report Through 31 December 1985," Epidemiological Bulletin, 7, No. 2, 1986, 7-8.

Pastor, Robert A. (ed.). Migration and Development in the Caribbean: The Unexplored Connection (Westview Special Studies on Latin America and the Caribbean.) Boston: Westview Press, 1985.

Payne, Anthony. "From Michael with Love: The Nature of Socialism in Jamaica," Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics [London], 14, No. 1, March 1976, 82-100.

-- -- -- . "Jamaica and Cuba 1959-86: A Caribbean Pas de Deux," Round Table: The Commonwealth Journal of International Affairs [London], No. 302, 1987, 184-98.

-- -- -- . "Jamaica: The `Democratic Socialist' Experiment of Michael Manley." Pages 18-42 in Anthony Payne and Paul Sutton (eds.), Dependency under Challenge: The Political Economy of the Commonwealth Caribbean. London: Butler and Tanner, 1984.

Population Reference Bureau. 1987 World Population. Washington: April 1986.

Seyler, Daniel J. "The Politics of Development: The Case of Jamaica and the Caribbean Basin Initiative." Washington: School of International Service, The American University, 1986.

Sharpley, Jennifer. "Jamaica, 1972-80." Pages 115-63 in Tony Killick (ed.), The IMF and Stabilization: Developing Country Experiences. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1984.

Stephens, Evelyne Huber, and John D. Stephens. "Bauxite and Democratic Socialism in Jamaica." Pages 33-66 in Peter Evans, Dietrich Rueschemeyer, and Evelyne Huber Stephens (eds.), States Versus Markets in the World System. Beverly Hills: Sage, 1985.

-- -- -- . "The Transition to Mass Parties and Ideological Politics: The Jamaican Experience since 1972," Comparative Political Studies, 19, No. 4, January 1987, 443-83.

Stone, Carl. "Class and the Institutionalisation of Two-Party Politics in Jamaica," Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics [London], 14, No. 2, July 1976, 177- 96.

-- -- -- . Democracy and Clientelism in Jamaica. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Books, 1980.

-- -- -- . "Democracy and Socialism in Jamaica, 1962-79," Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics [London], 19, No. 2, July 1981, 115-33.

-- -- -- . "Jamaica in Crisis: From Socialist to Capitalist Management," International Journal, 40, Spring 1985, 282-311.

-- -- -- . "The Jamaican Reaction: Grenada and the Political Stalemate," Caribbean Review, 12, No. 4, Fall 1983, 31-32.

-- -- -- . "Jamaica's 1980 Elections: What Manley Did Do; What Seaga Need Do," Caribbean Review, 10, No. 2, Spring 1981, 5-7.

-- -- -- . "The 1976 Parliamentary Election in Jamaica," Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics [London], 15, No. 3, November 1977, 250-65.

-- -- -- . "Running Out of Options in Jamaica: Seaga and Manley Compared," Caribbean Review, 15, No. 3, Winter 1987, 10-12.

-- -- -- . "Seaga Is in Trouble: Polling the Jamaican Polity in Mid-Term," Caribbean Review, 11, No. 4, Fall 1982, 5- 7.

Taylor, Jeremy (ed.). The Caribbean Handbook, 1986. St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda: FT Caribbean, 1986.

Tollefson, Scott D. "Jamaica: The Limits of a Showcase Policy," SAIS Review, 5, No. 2, Summer-Fall 1985, 189-204.

United Nations. World Health Statistics Annual, 1983. New York: 1984.

-- -- -- . World Population Prospects, 1982. New York: 1983.

United Nations. Food and Agriculture Organization. 1984 Fertilizer Yearbook, 34. Rome: 1985.

-- -- -- . 1986 Country Tables. Rome: 1986.

United States. Agency for International Development. Country Development Strategy Statement: Jamaica FY 1986. Washington: GPO, 1984.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook, 1985. Washington: GPO, 1985.

-- -- -- . The World Factbook, 1987. Washington: GPO, 1987.

United States. Congress. 98th, 2d Session. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations. Extradition Treaty with Jamaica. Washington: GPO, 1984.

United States. Department of Commerce. Caribbean Basin Business Bulletin, 2, No. 6, Washington: 1985.

-- -- -- . 1987 CBI Guidebook. Washington: GPO, 1986.

United States. Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census. World Population, 1983. Washington: GPO, 1983.

United States. Department of Commerce. International Trade Administration. Foreign Economic Trends and Their Implications for the United States: Jamaica. Washington: GPO, 1986.

United States. Department of State. Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 1986. (Report submitted to United States Congress, 100th, 1st Session, Senate, Committee on Foreign Relations, and House of Representatives, Committee on Foreign Affairs.) Washington: GPO, February 1987.

United States. Department of State. Bureau of Public Affairs. Background Notes: Jamaica. Washington: January 1987.

United States. Department of the Interior. Bureau of Mines. Mineral Facts and Problems. (Bulletin 675.) Washington: GPO, 1985.

United States. General Accounting Office. Caribbean Basin Initiative: Need for More Reliable Data on Business Activity Resulting from the Initiative. Washington: GPO, 1986.

Volsky, George. "Jamaican Drug Gangs Thriving in U.S. Cities." New York Times, July 19, 1987.

Waters, Anita M. Race, Class, and Political Symbols: Rastafari and Reggae in Jamaican Politics. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Books, 1985.

"Why Jamaica's Economy May Run Aground," Business Week, October 18, 1982, 162.

Whyte, Millicent. A Short History of Education in Jamaica. (Caribbean Education series.) London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1983.

Williams, Eric. From Columbus to Castro: The History of the Caribbean, 1492-1969. New York: Harper and Row, 1970.

World Bank. World Debt Tables, 1986-1987. Washington: 1987.

-- -- -- . World Development Report, 1985. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.

-- -- -- . World Development Report, 1987. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Zach, Paul (ed.). Jamaica. Hong Kong: ABA Productions, 1983.

(Various issues of the following publications were also used in

the preparation of this chapter: Daily Gleaner [Kingston,

Jamaica], 1984-87; Development Dialogue, 1980-82;

Financial Times [London], 1987; JNIP News

[Kingston, Jamaica], 1986-87; New World Quarterly

[Kingston, Jamaica], 1967-68; Quarterly Economic Report

[Kingston, Jamaica], 1986-87; Social and Economic Studies

[Mona, Jamaica], 1982-83; and Social Science Medicine,

1983-84.)

Chapter 3

American Telephone and Telegraph Company. The World's Telephones. Morris Plains, New Jersey: 1983.

Andrade, John. World Police and Paramilitary Forces. New York: Stockton Press, 1985.

Anthony, Michael. Glimpses of Trinidad and Tobago. Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago: Columbus, 1974.

Ashley, Paul. "The Commonwealth Caribbean and the Contemporary World Order: The Cases of Jamaica and Trinidad." Pages 159-76 in Paget Henry and Carl Stone (eds.), The Newer Caribbean: Decolonization, Democracy, and Development. (Inter- American Politics series, 4.) Philadelphia: Institute for the Study of Human Issues, 1983.

Barry, Tom, Beth Wood, and Deb Preusch. The Other Side of Paradise: Foreign Control in the Caribbean. New York: Grove Press, 1984.

Boodhoo, Ken I. "The Multinational Corporation, External Control, and the Problem of Development: The Case of Trinidad and Tobago." Pages 62-70 in Richard Millet and W. Marvin Will (eds.), The Restless Caribbean: Changing Patterns of International Relations. New York: Praeger, 1979.

Boodhoo, Ken I. (ed.). Eric Williams: The Man and the Leader. Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America, 1986.

Bourne, Peter G. Fidel: A Biography of Fidel Castro. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1986.

Brereton, Bridget. A History of Modern Trinidad, 1783-1962. London: Heinemann, 1981.

Caribbean Development Bank. Annual Report, 1986. Wildey, Barbados: Letchworth Press, 1987.

Central Bank of Trinidad and Tobago. Annual Report, 1985. Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago: 1986.

Deosaran, Ramesh. Eric Williams: The Man, His Ideas, and His Politics. Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago: Signum, 1981.

The Diagram Group. Atlas of Central America and the Caribbean. New York: Macmillan, 1985.

Economist Intelligence Unit. Quarterly Economic Review of Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Barbados, Windward and Leeward Islands: Annual Supplement, 1985. London: Economist, 1986.

English, Adrian J. Armed Forces of Latin America. London: Jane's, 1984.

Fraser, Peter D., and Paul Hackett (eds.). Caribbean Economic Handbook. London: Euromonitor, 1985.

Frost, Jens (ed.). World Radio TV Handbook, 1986. Hvidore, Denmark: Glenn Heffernon, 1986.

Green, Richard (ed.). Latin America and Caribbean Review, 1985. Saffron Walden, Essex, United Kingdom: World of Information, 1984.

Harewood, Jack. Caribbean Demography Workbook. St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago: University of the West Indies, 1976.

-- -- -- . Female Fertility and Family Planning in Trinidad and Tobago. Kingston, Jamaica: University of the West Indies, 1978.

-- -- -- . The Population of Trinidad and Tobago. Paris: 1975.

Hope, Kempe Ronald. Economic Development in the Caribbean. New York: Praeger, 1986.

-- -- -- . "The Emigration of High-Level Manpower from Developing to Developed Countries (with Reference to Trinidad and Tobago)," International Migration [Geneva], 14, No. 3, 1976, 209-18.

Ince, Basil A. "Coping with Oil Wealth: The Case of Trinidad and Tobago and the Commonwealth Caribbean." Pages 111-34 in R.M. Ritter and David H. Pollack (eds.), Latin American Perspectives for the 1980s. New York: Praeger, 1983.

Inter-American Development Bank. Economic and Social Progress in Latin America: 1984 Report. Washington: 1985.

-- -- -- . Economic and Social Progress in Latin America: 1985 Report. Washington: 1986.

-- -- -- . Economic and Social Progress in Latin America: 1986 Report. Washington: 1987.

International Institute for Strategic Studies. The Military Balance, 1986-1987. London: 1986.

International Monetary Fund. Direction of Trade Statistics. Washington: 1986.

-- -- -- . International Financial Statistics. Washington: 1987.

Jamaica. Planning Institute of Jamaica. Quarterly Economic Report, 2, No. 3, Kingston, Jamaica: 1985.

La Guerre, John Gaffar. "General Elections of 1981 in Trinidad and Tobago," Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics [London], 21, No. 2, July 1983, 134-57.

Lewis, Gordon K. The Growth of the Modern West Indies. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1968.

Lewis, John P., and Valeriana Kallab (eds.). U.S. Foreign Policy and the Third World -- Agenda, 1983. New York: Praeger, 1983.

MacDonald, Scott B. "The Future of Foreign Aid in the Caribbean after Grenada: Finlandization and Confrontation in the Eastern Tier," Inter-American Economic Affairs, 38, Spring 1985, 59-74.

-- -- -- . Trinidad and Tobago: Democracy and Development in the Caribbean. New York: Praeger, 1986.

McLin, Jon. Social and Economic Effects of Petroleum Development in Non-OPEC Developing Countries: Synthesis Report. Geneva: International Labour Organisation, 1986.

Mahabir, Winston. In and Out of Politics. Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago: Imprint Caribbean, 1978.

Malik, Yogendra K. East Indians in Trinidad. London: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Malloch, Theodore R. "Trinidad and Tobago." Page 126 in Richard F. Staar (ed.), Yearbook on International Communist Affairs. Stanford, California: Hoover Institution Press, 1983.

Mandle, Jay R. Patterns of Caribbean Development: An Interpretive Essay on Economic Change. New York: Gordon and Breach, 1982.

Millett, Richard, and W. Marvin Will (eds.). The Restless Caribbean: Changing Patterns of International Relations. New York: Praeger, 1979.

Millette, James. The Politics of Succession: A Topical Analysis of the Political Situation in Trinidad and Tobago. Curepe, Trinidad and Tobago: Moko Enterprises, 1970.

Nogueira, Uziel. "The Energy Sector of Trinidad and Tobago." Washington: Inter-American Development Bank, 1987.

Nurkse, Lawrence. "Los Sindicatos en el Caribe Anglófono," Nueva Sociedad [Caracas] 88, November-December 1986, 57-68.

Ottley, Carlton Robert. A Historical Account of the Trinidad and Tobago Police Force from the Earliest Times. Port-of- Spain, Trinidad and Tobago: Privately published, 1964.

Oxaal, Ivor. Black Intellectuals and the Dilemmas of Race and Class in Trinidad. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Shenkman, 1982.

-- -- -- . "The Intellectual Background to the Democratic Revolution." Pages 20-48 in Wendell Bell (ed.), The Democratic Revolution in the West Indies. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Shenkman, 1967.

Painter, David S. "Collective Security and the Inter-American System," Historical Issues, No. 9511, November 1986, 1-3.

Palmer, Ransford W. Problems of Development in Beautiful Countries: Perspectives on the Caribbean. Lanham, Maryland: North-South, 1984.

Pan American Health Organization. Health Conditions in the Americas, 1981-1984. Washington: 1985.

-- -- -- . Program Budget, 1986-87. Washington: 1985.

Parris, Carl D. "Resource Ownership and the Prospects for Democracy: The Case of Trinidad and Tobago." Pages 313-26 in Paget Henry and Carl Stone (eds.), The Newer Caribbean: Decolonization, Democracy, and Development. (Inter- American Politics series, 4.) Philadelphia: Institute for the Study of Human Issues, 1983.

Pollard, H.J. "The Erosion of Agriculture in an Oil Economy: The Case of Export Crop Production in Trinidad," World Development [London], 13, No. 7, 1985, 819-35.

Power, Kevin P. Caribbean Basin Trade and Investment Guide. Washington: Washington International Press, 1984.

Robinson, A.N.R. Budget Speech, 1987. Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago: Government Printery, 1987.

-- -- -- . The Mechanics of Independence: Patterns of Political and Economic Transformation of Trinidad and Tobago. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1971.

Royal Bank of Trinidad and Tobago. "An Economic Profile." Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago: 1983.

Ryan, Selwyn. The Politics of Succession: A Study of Parties and Politics in Trinidad and Tobago. St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago: University of the West Indies, 1978.

-- -- -- . "Tobago's Quest for Autonomy: From Colony to War to . . .," Caribbean Review, 14, No. 2, Spring 1985, 7-9.

Ryan, Selwyn, Eddie Greene, and Jack Harewood. The Confused Electorate: A Study of Political Attitudes and Opinions in Trinidad and Tobago. St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago: University of the West Indies, 1979.

Sandoval, José Miguel. "State Capitalism in a Petroleum-Based Economy: The Case of Trinidad and Tobago." Pages 247-68 in Fitzroy Ambursley and Robin Cohen (eds.), Crisis in the Caribbean. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1983.

Smith, Michael G. "Trinidad." Pages 89-97 in Michael G. Smith (ed.), Culture, Race, and Class in the Commonwealth Caribbean. Kingston, Jamaica: University of the West Indies, 1984.

Sutton, Paul. "Black Power in Trinidad and Tobago: The Crisis of 1970," Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics [London], 21, No. 2, 1983, 116-31.

-- -- -- . "Trinidad and Tobago: Oil Capitalism and the `Presidential Power' of Eric Williams." Pages 42-76 in Anthony Payne and Paul Sutton (eds.), Dependency under Challenge: The Political Economy of the Commonwealth Caribbean. London: Butler and Tanner, 1984.

Taylor, Jeremy (ed.). The Caribbean Handbook, 1986. St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda: FT Caribbean, 1986.

Trinidad and Tobago. Embassy to the United States. Economic Profile on Trinidad and Tobago for Foreign Investors. Washington: August 1983.

Trinidad and Tobago. Ministry of Finance and Planning. Estimates of Expenditures for the Year 1986. Port-of- Spain, Trinidad and Tobago: Government Printery, 1986.

Trinidad and Tobago. Ministry of Finance and Planning. Central Statistical Office. Annual Statistical Digest, 1984. Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago: 1985.

-- -- -- . Financial Statistics, 1983. Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago: 1984.

-- -- -- . Labour Force. Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago: 1986.

-- -- -- . National Income of Trinidad and Tobago, 1966-1985. Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago: 1987.

-- -- -- . Overseas Trade Report, 1985. Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago: 1986.

-- -- -- . Population and Vital Statistics, Report 1982-83. Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago: 1987.

-- -- -- . Report on Education Statistics, 1982-83. Port-of-

Spain, Trinidad and Tobago: 1986.

-- -- -- . Review of the Economy, 1985. Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago: 1986.

-- -- -- . Review of the Economy, 1986. Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago: 1987.

United Nations. Food and Agriculture Organization. 1985 FAO Production Yearbook. Rome: 1986.

-- -- -- . 1986 Country Tables. Rome: 1986.

-- -- -- . Yearbook of Fishery Statistics, 1984. Rome: 1986.

United States. Agency for International Development. Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance. Countries of the Caribbean Community: A Regional Profile. Washington: 1983.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook, 1987. Washington: GPO, 1987.

United States. Congress. 100th, 1st Session. House of Representatives. Committee on Appropriations. Foreign Assistance and Related Programs: Appropriations for 1988. Washington: GPO, 1987.

United States. Department of Commerce. 1987 CBI Guidebook. Washington: GPO, 1986.

United States. Department of Energy. The Petroleum Resources of Venezuela and Trinidad and Tobago. (Foreign Energy Supply Assessment series, DOE/E1A-0398.) Washington: GPO, 1983.

Williams, Eric. From Columbus to Castro: The History of the Caribbean, 1492-1969. New York: Harper and Row, 1970.

-- -- -- . Inward Hunger: The Education of a Prime Minister. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1969.

Woodcock, Henry I. A History of Tobago. London: Frank Cass, 1971.

World Bank. World Debt Tables, 1986-1987. Washington: 1987.

-- -- -- . World Development Report, 1984. New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.

-- -- -- . World Development Report, 1987. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Young, Alma H., and Dion E. Phillips (eds.). Militarization in the Non-Hispanic Caribbean. Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1986.

(Various issues of the following publications were also used in

the preparation of this chapter: Caribbean Insight

[London], 1986-87; Foreign Broadcast Information Service, Daily

Report: Latin America, 1983-87; Joint Publications Research

Service, Latin America Report, 1986-87; Latin American

Monitor [London], 1984-85; Latin American Weekly

Report [London], 1986-87; Latin America Regional Reports:

Caribbean [London], 1981-87; Social and Economic

Studies [Mona, Jamaica], 1982-83; Trinidad and Tobago

Express [Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago], 1981-87; and

Trinidad Guardian [Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago],

1986-87.)

Chapter 4

Dominica

Atwood, Thomas. History of the Island of Dominica. London: Cass, 1971.

Barry, Tom, Beth Wood, and Deb Preusch. The Other Side of Paradise: Foreign Control in the Caribbean. New York: Grove Press, 1984.

Beckford, George L. Persistent Poverty: Underdevelopment in Plantation Economies of the Third World. New York: Oxford University Press, 1972.

Birnbaum, Stephen (ed.). Birnbaum's Caribbean, Bermuda, and the Bahamas, 1986. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1985.

Boromé, Joseph. "How Crown Colony Government Came to Dominica by 1898." Pages 120-50 in Aspects of Dominican History. Roseau, Dominica: Government Printing Division, 1972.

Brooks, John (ed.). The 1987 South American Handbook. (63d ed.) Bath, United Kingdom: Trade and Travel, 1986.

Caribbean Development Bank. Annual Report, 1986. Wildey, Barbados: Letchworth Press, 1987.

The Development Group for Alternative Policies. Supporting Central America and Caribbean Development: A Critique of the Caribbean Basin Initiative and an Alternative Regional Assistance Plan. Washington: 1983.

The Diagram Group. Atlas of Central America and the Caribbean. New York: Macmillan, 1985.

Dolman, Anthony J. Islands in the Shade: The Performance and Prospects of Small Island Developing Countries. The Hague: Institute of Social Studies Advisory Service, 1984.

Dominica. Ministry of Finance. Statistical Division. Annual Overseas Trade Report (1985). Roseau, Dominica: 1986.

-- -- -- . Statistical Digest, No. 6 (1985). Roseau, Dominica: 1986.

Eyre, Alan. A New Geography of the Caribbean. (5th ed.) London: George Philip and Son, 1979.

Frost, Jens (ed.). World Radio TV Handbook, 1986. Hvidore, Denmark: Glenn Heffernon, 1986.

Girvan, Norman. Working Paper, No. 7: Aspects of the Political Economy of Race in the Caribbean and in the Americas. Mona, Jamaica: Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies, 1975.

Gomes, P.I. (ed.). Rural Development in the Caribbean. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1985.

Honychurch, Lennox. The Dominica Story: A History of the Island. Roseau, Dominica: Dominica Institute, 1984.

Larson, Edwin E., and Peter W. Birkeland. Putnam's Geology. (4th ed.) New York: Oxford University Press, 1982.

Lewis, Vaughan A. (ed.). Size, Self-Determination, and International Relations: The Caribbean. Mona, Jamaica: Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies, 1976.

Macmillan Education. Macmillan Caribbean Certificate Atlas. London: 1979.

Pan American Health Organization. Health Conditions in the Americas, 1981-1984. Washington: 1985.

-- -- -- . Program Budget, 1986-87. Washington: 1985.

-- -- -- . "Status of AIDS in the Americas," Epidemiological Bulletin, 7, Nos. 5-6, December 1986, 1.

Paxton, John (ed.). The Statesman's Year-Book: Statistical and Historical Annual of the State of the World for the Year 1986- 1987. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1986.

Phillips, Dion E. "The Increasing Emphasis on Security and Defense in the Eastern Caribbean." Pages 42-64 in Alma H. Young and Dion E. Phillips (eds.), Militarization in the Non- Hispanic Caribbean. Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1986.

Putnam, William Clement. Putnam's Geology. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.

Rickards, Colin (ed.). Caribbean Year Book, 1979-80. Toronto: Caribook, 1980.

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(Various issues of the following publications were also used in

the preparation of this section: Foreign Broadcast Information

Service, Daily Report: Latin America, 1983-87; Joint

Publications Research Service, Latin America Report,

1983-87; and Latin American Weekly Report [London],

1985-87.)

St. Lucia

Alleyne, Mervin C. "Language and Society in St. Lucia." Pages 198-212 in David Lowenthal and Lambros Comitas (eds.), Consequences of Class and Color: West Indian Perspectives. Garden City, New York: Anchor Books, 1973.

Anderson, Thomas D. Geopolitics of the Caribbean: Ministates in a Wider World. (Politics in Latin America: A Hoover Institution series.) New York: Praeger, 1984.

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Banks, Arthur S. (ed.). Political Handbook of the World, 1984-1985. Binghamton: CSA, 1985.

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Brooks, John (ed.). The 1987 South American Handbook. (63d ed.) Bath, United Kingdom: Trade and Travel, 1986.

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Compton, John G.M. Budget Address, 1985. Castries, St. Lucia: Government of St. Lucia, 1985.

-- -- -- . Budget Address, 1986. Castries, St. Lucia: Government of St. Lucia, 1986.

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Easter, B.H. St. Lucia and the French Revolution. Castries, St. Lucia: Voice, 1969.

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Economist Intelligence Unit. Quarterly Economic Revierw of Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Barbados, Windward and Leeward Islands: Annual Supplement, 1985. London: Economist, 1986.

Fraser, Peter D., and Paul Hackett (eds.). Caribbean Economic Handbook. London: Euromonitor, 1985.

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Goodwin, Clayton (ed.). The Caribbean Handbook, 1984-85. St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda: FT International, 1984.

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Parry, John H., and Philip M. Sherlock. A Short History of the West Indies. New York: Macmillan, 1971.

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Stone, Carl. Power in the Caribbean Basin: A Comparative Study of Political Economy. Philadelphia: Institute for the Study of Human Issues, 1986.

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United States. Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook, 1986. Washington: GPO, 1986.

United States. Department of Commerce. International Trade Administration. Foreign Economic Trends and Their Implications for the United States: St. Lucia. Washington: GPO, 1986.

United States. Department of State. Bureau of Public Affairs. Background Notes: St. Lucia. Washington: 1984.

West, Robert C., and John P. Augelli (eds.). Middle America: Its Lands and Peoples. (2d ed.) Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1976.

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-- -- -- . The World Bank Atlas, 1986. Washington: 1986.

(Various issues of the following publications were also used in

the preparation of this section: Foreign Broadcast Information

Service, Daily Report: Latin America, 1987; Joint

Publications Research Service, Latin America Report,

1987; and Latin American Weekly Report [London], 1987.)

St. Vincent and the Grenadines

Andrade, John. World Police and Paramilitary Forces. New York: Stockton Press, 1985.

Banks, Arthur S. (ed.). Political Handbook of the World, 1984-1985. Binghamton, New York: CSA, 1985.

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Blaustein, Albert P., and Gisbert H. Flanz (eds.). Constitutions of the Countries of the World. Dobbs Ferry, New York: Oceana, 1984.

Brana-Shute, Gary. "An Eastern Caribbean Centrist," Caribbean Review, 14, No. 4, Fall 1985, 27-29.

Brana-Shute, Gary, and Rosemary Brana-Shute. "The Unemployed of the Eastern Caribbean: Attitudes and Aspirations." (Research paper.) Gainesville, Florida: December 1980.

Brooks, John (ed.). The 1986 South American Handbook. Bath, United Kingdom: Trade and Travel, 1985.

Butland, Gilbert J. Latin America. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1972.

Caribbean/Central American Action. 1987 Caribbean and Central America Databook. Washington: 1986.

Caribbean Development Bank. Annual Report, 1986. Wildey, Barbados: Letchworth Press, 1987.

Carr, Peter R. "Health Systems Development in the English-Speaking Caribbean: Toward the Twenty-First Century," Bulletin of the Pan American Health Organization, 19, No. 4, 1985, 368-83.

Chernick, Sidney E. The Commonwealth Caribbean: The Integration Experience. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1978.

The Diagram Group. Atlas of Central America and the Caribbean. New York: Macmillan, 1985.

Diederich, Berenard. "The End of West Indian Innocence: Arming the Police," Caribbean Review, 13, No. 2, Spring 1984, 10-12.

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Economist Intelligence Unit. Quarterly Economic Review of Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Barbados, Windward and Leeward Islands: Annual Supplement, 1985. London: Economist, 1986.

Ellis, Patricia. "Non-Formal Education, Women, and Development in the English-Speaking Caribbean," Bulletin of Eastern Caribbean Affairs [Cave Hill, Barbados], 11, No. 2, May- June 1985, 23-33.

Emmanuel, Patrick. "Elections and Parties in the Eastern Caribbean," Caribbean Review, 10, Spring 1981, 14-16.

Eyre, Alan. A New Geography of the Caribbean. (5th ed.) London: George Philip and Son, 1979.

Green, Richard (ed.). Latin America and Caribbean Review, 1986. Saffron Walden, Essex, United Kingdom: World of Information, 1985.

Grieb, Kenneth J. Research Guide to Central America and the Caribbean. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1985.

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Levy, Anthony Lancelot (ed.). Personalities Caribbean. Kingston, Jamaica: Personalities, 1983.

Lewis, Gary P. "Prospects for a Regional Security System in the Eastern Caribbean," Millennium: A Journal of International Studies [London], 15, No. 1, 1986, 73-90.

Millett, Richard, and W. Marvin Will (eds.) The Restless Caribbean: Changing Patterns of International Relations. New York: Praeger, 1979.

Niddrie, David L. "The Caribbean." Pages 77-132 in Harold Blakemore and Clifford T. Smith (eds.), Latin America: Geographical Perspectives. New York: Methuen, 1983.

Pan American Health Organization. Health Conditions in the Americas, 1981-1984. Washington: 1985.

-- -- -- . "Status of AIDS in the Americas," Epidemiological Bulletin, 7, Nos. 5-6, December 1986, 1.

Paxton, John (ed.). The Statesman's Year-Book: Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for the Year 1986-1987. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1986.

Population Reference Bureau. 1987 World Population. Washington: April 1986.

"Saint Vincent and the Grenadines." Pages 2337-42 in The Europa Yearbook 1987, II. London: Europa, 1987.

Jim, Richard, and James Anderson. The Caribbean Strategic Vacuum. (Conflict Studies, 121.) London: Institute for the Study of Conflict, August 1980.

United Nations. Fund for Population Activities. The English-Speaking Caribbean. New York: 1978.

United States. Agency for International Development. Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance. Countries of the Caribbean Community: A Regional Profile. Washington: February 1983.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook, 1987. Washington: GPO, 1987.

United States. Congress. 97th, 2d Session. House of Representatives. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Eastern Caribbean: Report of a Staff Study Mission to the Dominican Republic, Antigua, Dominica, Barbados, and St. Vincent, January 5-19, 1982. Washington: GPO, May 1982.

United States. Department of State. Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 1986: St. Vincent and the Grenadines. (Report submitted to United States Congress, 100th, 1st Session, Senate, Committee on Foreign Relations, and House of Representatives, Committee on Foreign Affairs.) Washington: GPO, February 1987.

United States. Department of State. Bureau of Public Affairs. Atlas of the Caribbean Basin. (2d ed.) Washington: GPO, 1984.

"Weekly Arms Transfer Tables," Defense and Foreign Affairs, August 25-31, 1986, 8.

West, Robert C., and John P. Augelli (eds.). Middle America: Its Lands and Peoples. (2d ed.) Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1976.

World Bank. St. Vincent and the Grenadines: Economic Situation and Selected Development Issues. Washington: 1985.

A Year Book of the Commonwealth, 1982. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1982.

Young, Alma H., and Dion E. Phillips (eds.). Militarization in the Non-Hispanic Caribbean. Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1986.

(Various issues of the following publications also were used in

the preparation of this section: Caribbean and West Indies

Chronicle [London], 1984; Caribbean Insight [London],

1986-87; Caribbean Monthly Bulletin [San Piedras, Puerto

Rico], 1983-84; Caribbean Review, 1981-85; Foreign

Broadcast Information Service, Daily Report: Latin

America, 1986-87; Keesing's Contemporary Archives

(changed to Keesing's Record of World Events in January

1987) [London], 1969, 1980-87; Latin American Monitor:

Caribbean [London], 1984-87; Latin America Regional

Reports: Caribbean [London], 1983; New York Times,

1980, 1984; Trinidad Guardian [Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and

Tobago], 1986-87; and Vincentian [Kingstown, St. Vincent

and the Grenadines], 1987.)

Grenada

Archer, Ewart. "Gairyism, Revolution and Reorganisation: Three Decades of Turbulence in Grenada," Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics [London], 23, No. 2, July 1985, 91-111.

Beshoff, Pamela. "Foreign Policy Co-operation and Regional Integration in the Caribbean," Millennium: A Journal of International Studies [London], 15, No. 1, Spring 1986, 91-107.

Birnbaum, Stephen (ed.). Birnbaum's Caribbean, Bermuda, and the Bahamas, 1986. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1985.

Blaize, Herbert A. Grenada Budget Speech. St. George's, Grenada: Government Printer, February 20, 1987.

Boodhoo, Ken I. "Violence and Militarization in the Eastern Caribbean: Grenada." Pages 65-89 in Alma H. Young and Dion E. Phillips (eds.), Militarization in the Non-Hispanic Caribbean. Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1986.

Britain. Directorate of Overseas Surveys. Grenada: Island of Spice. (4th ed.) London: Government of the United Kingdom, 1985.

Brooks, John (ed.). The 1987 South American Handbook. (63d ed.) Bath, United Kingdom: Trade and Travel, 1986.

Caribbean Development Bank. Annual Report, 1985. Wildey, Barbados: Letchworth Press, 1985.

Carr, Peter R. "Health Systems Development in the English-Speaking Caribbean: Toward the Twenty-First Century," Bulletin of the Pan American Health Organization, 19, No. 4, 1985, 368-83.

Cobb, Charles E., Jr., and David A. Harvey. "Marking Time in Grenada," National Geographic, 166, No. 5, November 1984, 688-710.

"The Commonwealth Parliamentary Association," Round Table: The Commonwealth Journal of International Affairs [London], No. 300, October 1986, 310-12.

Davas, Raymund P. A History of the Island of Grenada, 1498-1796. St. George's, Grenada: Carenage Press, 1974.

Davidson, Scott. Grenada: A Study in Politics and the Limits of International Law. Aldershot, United Kingdom: Avebury, 1987.

The Diagram Group. Atlas of Central America and the Caribbean. New York: Macmillan, 1985.

Diederich, Bernard. "The End of West Indian Innocence: Arming the Police," Caribbean Review, 13, No. 2, Spring 1984, 10-12.

Dominique, Francois (ed.). Grenada: Intervention, Invasion, Rescue Mission? n. pl.: F. Dominique, 1984.

Duncan, W. Raymond. "Grenada." Pages 90-94 in Richard F. Staar (ed.), Yearbook on International Communist Affairs, 1983. Stanford, California: Hoover Institution Press, 1983.

Economist Intelligence Unit. Quarterly Economic Review of Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Barbados, Windward and Leeward Islands: Annual Supplement, 1985. London: Economist, 1986.

Emmanuel, Patrick A.M. "Revolutionary Theory and Political Reality in the Eastern Caribbean," Journal of Inter-American Studies and World Affairs, 25, No. 2, May 1983, 193-227.

Eyre, Alan. A New Geography of the Caribbean. (5th ed.) London: George Philip and Son, 1979.

Fenton, Robert E. "Caribbean Coast Guard: A Regional Approach," Naval War College Review, 37, March-April 1984, 26- 40.

Frost, Jens (ed.). World Radio TV Handbook, 1986. Hvidore, Denmark: Glenn Heffernon, 1986.

Gonzalez, Edward. "The Cuban and Soviet Challenge in the Caribbean Basin," Orbis, 29, Spring 1985, 73-94.

Gottemoeller, Rose E. Transforming Clients into Surrogates: The Soviet Experience. Santa Monica: Rand, 1985.

Green, Richard (ed.). Latin America and Caribbean Review, 1986. Saffron Walden, Essex, United Kingdom: World of Information, 1985.

Grenada. The Grenada Constitution Order, 1973. St. George's, Grenada: Government Printer, 1974.

Grenada. Ministry of Education. Report for 1980. St. George's, Grenada: 1980.

Harewood, Jack. "Population Growth in Grenada in the Twentieth Century," Social and Economic Studies [Kingston, Jamaica], 15, No. 2, June 1966, 61-84.

"Independence for Grenada -- Myth or Reality?" (Paper presented at Conference on the Implications of Independence for Grenada, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago.) St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago: Institute of International Relations, Univeristy of the West Indies, 1974.

Institute of Caribbean Studies. Caribbean Monthly Bulletin. Documents on the Invasion of Grenada. Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico: University of Puerto Rico, 1984.

Kay, Francis. This Is Grenada. Privately published, 1966.

Ledeen, Michael A. "Marxist Follies," Harper's, 268, No. 1605, February 1984, 24-27.

Ledeen, Michael A., and Herbert Romerstein. Grenada Documents: An Overview and Selection. Washington: GPO, 1984.

Lewis, Gary P. "Prospects for a Regional Security System in the Eastern Caribbean," Millennium: A Journal of International Studies [London], 15, No. 1, Spring 1986, 73-90.

Lewis, John F., and Bernard M. Gunn. "Aspects of Island Arc Evolution and Magmatism in the Caribbean: Geochemistry of Some West Indian Plutonic and Volcanic Rocks." Pages 171-77 in Cecily Petzall (ed.), Transactions: Caribbean Geological Conference. Caracas: 1972.

Lewis, Vaughan. "Foreign Relations of the English-Speaking Caribbean." Pages 67-73 in Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service (ed.), The English-Speaking Caribbean: Current Conditions and Implications for U.S. Policy. Washington: GPO, 1985.

MacDonald, Scott B. "The Future of Foreign Aid in the Caribbean after Grenada: Finlandization and Confrontation in the Eastern Tier," Inter-American Economic Affairs, 38, Spring 1985, 59-74.

McKenzie, Alan B. Creole-Leninism: Grenada, A Case Study. Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School, December 1984.

Macmillan Education. Macmillan Caribbean Certificate Atlas. London: 1979.

Maingot, Anthony P. "Politics Caribbean Style," Caribbean Review, 14, No. 2, Spring 1985, 5-6.

Mallin, Jay, Sr. "U.S., Britain Building Grenadian Security Force," Washington Times, December 7, 1984, 5.

Menon, P.K. "The Organization of Eastern Caribbean States -- An Important Milestone in Sub-Regional Integration," Inter- American Law Review, 17, Winter 1986, 297-311.

Millette, Robert, and Mahin Gosine. The Grenada Revolution: Why It Failed. New York: Africana Research, 1985.

Mitchell, Harold. Caribbean Patterns. Edinburgh: Chambers, 1972.

Naipaul, V.S. "An Island Betrayed," Harper's, 268, No. 1606, March 1984, 61-72.

Norton, Graham. "Defending the Eastern Caribbean," World Today [London], 40, June 1984, 254-60.

O'Loughlin, Carleen. Economic and Political Change in the Leeward and Windward Islands. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1968.

Palmer, Ransford W. Caribbean Dependence on the United States Economy. New York: Praeger, 1979.

Pan American Health Organization. Health Conditions in the Americas, 1981-1984. Washington: 1985.

-- -- -- . Program Budget, 1986-87. Washington: 1985.

Pastor, Robert A. "Does the United States Push Revolutions to Cuba? The Case of Grenada," Journal of Inter-American Studies and World Affairs, 28, No. 1, Spring 1986, 1-34.

Pryor, Frederic L. Revolutionary Grenada: A Study in Political Economy. New York: Praeger, 1986.

Ryan, Selwyn. "The Grenada Questions: A Revolutionary Balance Sheet," Caribbean Review, 13, No. 3, Summer 1984, 6- 9.

Schoenhals, Kai P., and Richard A. Melanson (eds.). Revolution and Intervention in Grenada: The New Jewel Movement, the United States, and the Caribbean. (Westview Special Studies on Latin America and the Caribbean.) Boulder: Westview Press, 1985.

Schwartz, Stephen. "Caliban's Children: Reflections on Grenada," Journal of Contemporary Studies, 7, Fall 1984, 49-57.

Segal, Aaron. "Background to Grenada: When the Social Scientists Invaded," Caribbean Review, 12, No. 4, Fall 1983, 40- 44.

-- -- -- . "Caribbean Realities," Current History, 84, No. 500, March 1985, 127-29.

Singham, A.W. The Hero and the Crowd in a Colonial Polity. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1968.

Smith, Michael G. The Plural Society in the British West Indies. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1965.

Speed, Robert C., et al. (eds.). Lesser Antilles Arc and Adjacent Terrains. (Regional Atlas series.) Woods Hole, Massachusetts: Marine Science International, 1984.

St. Clair-Daniel, W. "Caribbean Concepts of Parliament," Parliamentarian [London], 66, October 1985, 211-13.

Thorndike, Tony. Grenada: Politics, Economics, and Society. Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1985.

United States. Agency for International Development. Summary Highlights of the A.I.D. Program in Grenada. Washington: 1986.

United States. Agency for International Development. Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance. Countries of the Caribbean Community: A Regional Profile. Washington: February 1983.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook, 1986. Washington: GPO, 1986.

United States. Congress. 98th, 1st Session. House of Representatives. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on International Security and Scientific Affairs and on Western Hemisphere Affairs. U.S. Military Actions in Grenada: Implications for U.S. Policy in the Eastern Caribbean. Washington: GPO, 1984.

United States. Congress. 98th, 2d Session. House of Representatives. Committee on Armed Services. Report of the Delegation to Eastern Caribbean and South American Countries. (Committee Print, No. 16.) Washington: GPO, February 1984.

United States. Congress. 99th, 1st Session. House of Representatives. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere Affairs. U.S. Policy on Latin America, 1985. Washington: GPO, January 29, 1985.

United States. Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census. World Population Profile, 1985. Washington: GPO, October 1986.

United States. Department of Commerce. International Trade Administration. Foreign Economic Trends and Their Implications for the United States: Grenada. Washington: GPO, 1986.

United States. Department of State. Bureau of Public Affairs. Atlas of the Caribbean Basin. (2d ed.) Washington: GPO, 1984.

-- -- -- . Background Notes: Grenada. Washington: July 1985.

United States. Department of State. Foreign Affairs Information Management Center. Grenada Post Report. Washington: GPO, 1985.

Valenta, Jiri, and Virginia Valenta. "Leninism in Grenada," Problems of Communism, 33, July-August 1984, 1-23.

Walker, Andrew. "Security of the Eastern Caribbean," Jane's Defence Weekly [London], 7, No. 2, January 17, 1987, 61.

West, Robert C., and John P. Augelli (eds.). Middle America: Its Lands and Peoples. (2d ed.) Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1976.

World Bank. Eastern Caribbean States: Fourth Caribbean Development Bank Regional, Vocational and Technical Education Project. (P-4430-CR6.) Washington: April 2, 1987.

-- -- -- . Grenada Economic Report. Washington: World Bank, 1985.

(Various issues of the following publications were also used in

the preparation of this section: Caribbean and West Indies

Chronicle [London], 1986-87; Caribbean Contact

[Bridgetown, Barbados], 1986; Caribbean Insight [London],

1985-86; Caribbean Monthly Bulletin [Rio Piedras, Puerto

Rico], 1984; Foreign Broadcast Information Service, Daily

Report: Latin America, 1983-87; Grenada Informer [St.

George's, Grenada], 1986; Grenada Newsletter [St.

George's, Grenada], 1984-86; Grenadian Voice [St.

George's, Grenada], 1986; Joint Publications Research Service,

Latin American Report, 1986-87; Keesing's Contemporary

Archives [London], 1986; Latin American Weekly Report

[London], 1986; and Latin America Regional Reports:

Caribbean [London], 1986-87.)

Barbados

Anderson, Thomas D. Geopolitics of the Caribbean: Ministates in a Wider World. (Politics in Latin America: A Hoover Institution series.) New York: Praeger, 1984.

Andrade, John. World Police and Paramilitary Forces. New York: Stockton Press, 1985.

Barbados. Barbados Government Information Service. Facts on Barbados. St. Michael, Barbados: Barbados Government Printing Department, 1985.

Barbados. Barbados Industrial Development Corporation. The Manufacturers' Handbook. Bridgetown, Barbados: 1983.

Barbados. Barbados Statistical Bulletin Service. Overseas Trade, 4, No. 8, 1986.

Barbados. Ministry of Finance and Planning. Barbados Development Plan, 1983-1988. Bridgetown, Barbados: 1983.

-- -- -- . Barbados Economic Report, 1985. Bridgetown, Barbados: 1986.

-- -- -- . Barbados Economic Report, 1986. Bridgetown, Barbados: 1987.

Beshoff, Pamela. "Foreign Policy Co-operation and Regional Integration in the Caribbean," Millennium: A Journal of International Studies [London], 15, No. 1, Spring 1986, 91-107.

Birnbaum, Stephen (ed.). Birnbaum's Caribbean, Bermuda, and the Bahamas, 1986. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1985.

Blackman, C.N., and W.A. Cox. "Factors in the Development of a Migration Policy for the Caribbean." Pages 12-27 in Central Bank of Barbados (ed.), Economic Review. Bridgetown, Barbados: 1986.

Brizan, George I. Grenada, Island of Conflict: From Amerindians to People's Revolution, 1498-1979. (Third World Studies.) London: Zed Books, 1984.

Brooks, John (ed.). The 1987 South American Handbook. (63d ed.) Bath, United Kingdom: Trade and Travel, 1986.

Bryan, Anthony T. "Cuba's Impact in the Caribbean," International Journal [Toronto], 40, No. 2, Spring 1985, 331-47.

Campbell, P.F. An Outline of Barbados History. Bridgetown, Barbados: Caribbean Graphics, 1974.

Caribbean Development Bank. Annual Report, 1985. Wildey, Barbados: Letchworth Press, 1986.

Conway, Dennis. Caribbean Migrants: Opportunistic and Individualistic Sojourners. (Universities Field Staff International. UFSI Reports. No. 24.) Indianapolis: 1986.

Dann, Graham. The Quality of Life in Barbados. London: Macmillan, 1984.

The Diagram Group. Atlas of Central America and the Caribbean. New York: Macmillan, 1985.

Economist Intelligence Unit. Quarterly Economic Review of Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Barbados, Windward and Leeward Islands: Annual Supplement, 1985. London: Economist, 1986.

Faria, Norman. "A Message for Washington," South [London], October 1986, 59.

Fraser, Peter D., and Paul Hackett (eds.). Caribbean Economic Handbook. London: Euromonitor, 1985.

Frost, Jens (ed.). World Radio TV Handbook, 1986. Hvidore, Denmark: Glenn Heffernon, 1986.

Gomes, P.I. Barbados: The Post Independence Period, 1966-1971. St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago: University of the West Indies, 1978.

Gooding, E.G.B. Wayside Trees and Shrubs of Barbados. London: Macmillan Education, 1973.

Hope, Kempe Ronald. Economic Development in the Caribbean. New York: Praeger, 1986.

Hoyos, F.A. Barbados: A History from the Amerindians to Independence. London: Macmillan Education, 1976.

-- -- -- . Barbados: Our Island Home. London: Macmillan Education, 1979.

-- -- -- . Builders of Barbados. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1972.

-- -- -- . Grantley Adams and the Social Revolution. London: Macmillan Education, 1974.

Inter-American Development Bank. Economic and Social Progress in Latin America: 1986 Report. Washington: 1987.

International Monetary Fund. International Financial Statistics. Washington: 1987.

Lewis, Gary P. "Prospects for a Regional Security System in the Eastern Caribbean," Millennium: A Journal of International Studies [London], 15, No. 1, Spring 1986, 73-90.

Lewis, Gordon K. The Growth of the Modern West Indies. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1968.

Lewis, Vaughan A. "The Commonwealth Caribbean." Pages 110-30 in Christopher Clapham (ed.), Foreign Policy Making in Developing States. Westmead, Farnborough, Hampshire, United Kingdom: Saxon House, 1977.

Long, Frank. "Industrialization and the Role of Industrial Development Corporations in a Caribbean Economy: A Study of Barbados, 1960-80," Inter-American Economic Affairs, 37, No. 3, Winter 1983, 33-56.

Lynch, Louis. The Barbados Book. New York: Coward, McCann, and Geoghegan, 1973.

Lynn, Bruce G. Barbados: A Smiling Island. Hollywood, Florida: Dukane Press, 1970.

MacDonald, Scott B. "The Future of Foreign Aid in the Caribbean after Grenada: Finlandization and Confrontation in the Eastern Tier," Inter-American Economic Affairs, 38, Spring 1985, 59-74.

Mack, Raymond W. "Race, Class, and Power in Barbados." Pages 140-64 in Wendell Bell (ed.), The Democratic Revolution in the West Indies. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Schenkman, 1967.

Maingot, Anthony P. "American Foreign Policy in the Caribbean: Continuities, Changes, and Contingencies," International Journal [Toronto], 40, No. 2, Spring 1985, 312-30.

Mitchell, Harold. Caribbean Patterns. Edinburgh: Chambers, 1972.

Mottley, Elton Elombe, and Roderick Broome. People, Parties, and Politics. Bridgetown, Barbados: Ashanti Books, 1976.

Norton, Graham. "Defending the Eastern Caribbean," World Today [London], 40, June 1984, 254-60.

O'Loughlin, Carleen. Economic and Political Change in the Leeward and Windward Islands. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1968.

Palmer, Ransford W. Caribbean Dependence on the United States Economy. New York: Praeger, 1979.

Pan American Health Organization. Health Conditions in the Americas, 1981-1984. Washington: 1985.

-- -- -- . Program Budget, 1986-87. Washington: 1985.

-- -- -- . "Status of AIDS in the Americas," Epidemiological Bulletin, 7, Nos. 5-6, December 1986, 1.

Paxton, John (ed.). The Statesman's Year-Book: Statistical and Historical Annual of the State of the World for the Year 1986- 1987. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1986.

Payne, Anthony. "Whither Caricom? The Performance and Prospects of Caribbean Integration in the 1980s," International Journal [Toronto], 40, No. 2, Spring 1985, 207-28.

Polanyi-Levitt, Karl. "The Origins and Implications of the Caribbean Basin Initiative: Mortgaging Sovereignty?" International Journal [Toronto], 40, No. 2, Spring 1985, 229-81.

Sheppard, Jill. The "Redlegs" of Barbados: Their Origins and History. (The Caribbean -- Historical and Cultural Perspectives series.) Millwood, New York: KTO Press, 1977.

Simmons, David A. "Militarization of the Caribbean: Concerns for National and Regional Security," International Journal [Toronto], 40, No. 2, Spring 1985, 348-76.

Simmons, Peter. "`Red Legs': Class and Color Contradictions in Barbados," Studies in Comparative International Development, 11, No. 1, Spring 1976, 3-24.

Tree, Ronald. A History of Barbados. London: Granada, 1972.

United States. Agency for International Development. Bureau of Science and Technology. Draft Environmental Profile on Barbados. Washington: May 1982.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook, 1986. Washington: GPO, 1986.

United States. Department of Commerce. International Trade Administration. Foreign Economic Trends and Their Implications for the United States: Barbados. Washington: GPO, 1986.

United States. Department of State. Foreign Affairs Information Management Center. Barbados Post Report. Washington: 1983.

Watson, Hillbourne. "A Note on the 1986 General Election in Barbados," Caribbean Studies Newsletter, 13, No. 2, Summer 1986, 5-6.

Watts, David. Man's Influence on the Vegetation of Barbados, 1627 to 1800. London: Hull, 1966.

West, Robert C., and John P. Augelli (eds.). Middle America: Its Lands and Peoples. (2d ed.) Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1976.

Worrell, DeLisle (ed.). The Economy of Barbados, 1946-1980. Bridgetown, Barbados: Central Bank of Barbados, 1982.

(Various issues of the following publications were also used in

the preparation of this section: Bajan [Bridgetown,

Barbados], 1985-86; Barbados Advocate [Bridgetown,

Barbados], 1985-87; Bulletin [Bridgetown, Barbados],

1976-79; Caribbean Insight [London], 1986; Daily

Gleaner [Kingston, Jamaica], 1986; Foreign Broadcast

Information Service, Daily Report: Latin America, 1983-87;

Joint Publications Research Service, Latin America Report,

1983-87; Keesing's Contemporary Archives [London], 1971-

86; Latin American Monitor: Caribbean [London], 1987;

Nation [Bridgetown, Barbados], 1987; and Voice

[Bridgetown, Barbados], 1987.)

Chapter 5

Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda. Ministry of Economic Development and Tourism. Investing in Antigua and Barbuda. St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda: 1986.

Antigua and Barbuda. Ministry of Education and Culture. Report on the Education Division, 1979-1981. St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda: n.d.

Antigua: Report for the Years 1963 and 1964. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1966,

Birnbaum, Stephen (ed.). Birnbaum's Caribbean, Bermuda, and the Bahamas, 1986. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1985.

Caribbean Development Bank. Regional Forestry Sector Study: Country Report -- Antigua and Barbuda. Wildey, Barbados: 1983.

Challenger, Brian. "The Antiguan Economy: 1967-1981," Bulletin of Eastern Caribbean Affairs [Cave Hill, Barbados], 7, No. 5, November-December 1981, 12-18.

Davis, Gregson. Antigua Black: Portrait of an Island People. San Francisco: Scrimshaw Press, 1973.

Green, Richard (ed.). Latin America and Caribbean Review, 1985. Saffron Walden, Essex, United Kingdom: World of Information, 1984.

Henry, Paget. Peripheral Capitalism and Underdevelopment in Antigua. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Books, 1985.

-- -- -- . "State-Class Relations in Antigua," Bulletin of Eastern Caribbean Affairs [Cave Hill, Barbados], 7, No. 5, November-December 1981, 7-11.

Power, Kevin P. Caribbean Basin Trade and Investment Guide. Washington: Washington International Press, 1984.

Prime, Timothy S. Economic Impact of Tourism in Antigua. Christ Church, Antigua and Barbuda: Caribbean Tourism Research and Development Centre, 1981.

Putney, Allen D. Survey of Conservation Priorities in the Lesser Antilles: Final Report. St. Croix, United States Virgin Islands: Eastern Caribbean Natural Area Management Program, 1982.

Richards, Novelle H. The Struggle and the Conquest, Pt. II: The Locust Years. St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda: West Indies Workers Voice Printery, 1981.

Richards, Vincent A. "The Role of Agriculture in the Economic Development of Antigua and Barbuda," Bulletin of Eastern Caribbean Affairs [Cave Hill, Barbados], 7, No. 5, November-December 1981, 19-23.

Russell, Richard, and William G. McIntire. Barbuda Reconnaissance. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1966.

Sanders, Ron (ed.). Antigua and Barbuda Independence. St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda: Department of Information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Economic Development, Tourism, and Energy, 1982.

Schweser, Helen, and Agnes A. Blaize. The Development of a Health Education Department in a Less Developed Caribbean Country. Washington: People-to-People Health Foundation, Project HOPE, 1976.

Simon, Justin. "The Antiguan and Barbudan Independent Constitution, 1981: A Westminster Model with a Difference," Bulletin of Eastern Caribbean Affairs [Cave Hill, Barbados], 7, No. 5, November-December 1981, 1-6.

United States. Agency for International Development. Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance. Countries of the Caribbean Community: A Regional Profile. Washington: February 1983.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook, 1986. Washington: GPO, 1986.

United States. Department of State. Bureau of Public Affairs. Background Notes: Antigua and Barbuda. Washington: 1985.

World Bank. Antigua and Barbuda: Economic Report. Washington: 1985.

(Various issues of the following publications were also used in

the preparation of this section: Daily Gleaner [Kingston,

Jamaica], 1987; Foreign Broadcast Information Service, Daily

Report: Latin America, 1986-87; and Joint Publications

Research Service, Latin America Report, 1986-87.)

St. Christopher and Nevis

Alexis, Francis. "British Intervention in St. Kitts," New York University Journal of International Law and Politics, 16, Spring 1984, 581-600.

Andrade, John. World Police and Paramilitary Forces. New York: Stockton Press, 1985.

Birnbaum, Stephen (ed.). Birnbaum's Caribbean, Bermuda, and the Bahamas, 1986. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1985.

Blaustein, Albert P., and Gisbert H. Flanz (eds.). Constitutions of the Countries of the World. Dobbs Ferry, New York: Oceana, 1984.

Caribbean/Central American Action. Investing in St. Kitts and Nevis. Washington: 1986.

Caribbean Development Bank. Annual Report, 1986. Wildey, Barbados: Letchworth Press, 1987.

Carr, Peter R. "Health Systems Development in the English-Speaking Caribbean: Toward the Twenty-First Century," Bulletin of the Pan American Health Organization, 19, No. 4, 1985, 368-83.

Cox, Edward L. Free Coloreds in the Slave Societies of St. Kitts and Grenada, 1763-1833. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1984.

The Diagram Group. Atlas of Central America and the Caribbean. New York: Macmillan, 1985.

Eastern Caribbean Central Bank. Report and Statement of Accounts. Basseterre, St. Christopher and Nevis: 1985.

Emmanuel, Patrick A.M. "Comment on Proposals for an Independence Constitution for St. Kitts and Nevis," Bulletin of Eastern Caribbean Affairs [Cave Hill, Barbados], 8, No. 1, March- April 1982, 50-52.

Finkel, Herman J. "Patterns of Land Tenure in the Leeward and Windward Islands and Their Relevance to Problems of Agricultural Development in the West Indies." Pages 291-304 in Michael M. Horowitz (ed.), Peoples and Cultures of the Caribbean. Garden City, New York: Natural History Press, 1971.

Fraser, Peter D., and Paul Hackett (eds.). Caribbean Economic Handbook. London: Euromonitor, 1985.

Gastil, Raymond D. "The Comparative Survey of Freedom," Freedom at Issue, No. 88, January-February 1986, 7-17.

Gladwin, Ellis. Living in the Changing Caribbean. New York: Macmillan, 1970.

Green, Richard (ed.). Latin America and Caribbean Review, 1985. Saffron Walden, Essex, United Kingdom : World of Information, 1984.

Hendrickson, Embert J. "The Eastern Caribbean's Newest States: No Left Turn," World Today [London], 37, November 1981, 441-47.

Hunte, George. The West Indian Islands. New York: Viking Press, 1972.

Ince, Basil A., et al. Issues in Caribbean International Relations. Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America, 1983.

"An Independent St. Christopher and Nevis Becomes the Forty-Eighth Member," Commonwealth Law Bulletin [London], 9, No. 4, October 1983, 1491-97.

Lewis, Gordon K. The Growth of the Modern West Indies. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1968.

Lewis, W. Arthur. "The Agony of the Eight." Pages 215-35 in David Lowenthal and Lambros Comitas (eds.), The Aftermath of Sovereignty: West Indian Perspectives. Garden City, New York: Anchor Books, 1973.

Midgett, Douglas. "An Analysis of the 1984 General Elections in St. Kitts-Nevis," Bulletin of Eastern Caribbean Affairs [Cave Hill, Barbados], 10, No. 1, March-April 1984, 18-27.

Mitchell, Harold. Caribbean Patterns. Edinburgh: Chambers, 1972.

O'Loughlin, Carleen. Economic and Political Change in the Leeward and Windward Islands. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1968.

Pan American Health Organization. Health Conditions in the Americas, 1981-1984. Washington: 1985.

Phillips, Dion E. "The Increasing Emphasis on Security and Defense in the Eastern Caribbean." Pages 42-64 in Alma H. Young and Dion E. Phillips (eds.), Militarization in the Non- Hispanic Caribbean. Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1986.

Richardson, Arthur G. "Reform Education in St. Kitts and Nevis," Bulletin of Eastern Caribbean Affairs [Cave Hill, Barbados], 10, No. 1, March-April 1984, 20-24.

Richardson, Bonham C. Caribbean Migrants: Environment and Human Survival on St. Kitts and Nevis. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1983.

Sherlock, Philip. The Land and People of the West Indies. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1967.

St. Christopher and Nevis. Estimates for the Year 1983. Basseterre, St. Christopher and Nevis: 1983.

-- -- -- . 1986 Year in Review. Basseterre, St. Christopher and Nevis: 1986.

-- -- -- . St. Christopher and Nevis Independence Magazine, 19th September 1983. North Miami, Florida: Gimmick Advertising, 1983.

St. Christopher and Nevis. Department of Labour and Tourism. St. Christopher and Nevis Annual Report of the Department of Labour for the Year 1984. Basseterre, St. Christopher and Nevis: 1984.

St. Christopher and Nevis. Ministry of Agriculture. St. Kitts Fact Sheet on Agriculture. Basseterre, St. Christopher and Nevis: 1984.

St. Christopher and Nevis. Ministry of Education, Health, and Social Affairs. St. Kitts -- Nevis Educational Statistics, 1980-81. Basseterre, St. Christopher and Nevis: 1981.

St. Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla. Annual Report on the Royal St. Christopher- Nevis-Anguilla Police Force for the Year 1967. Basseterre, St. Christopher and Nevis: Police Force, 1968.

Sutton, Paul (ed.). Dual Legacies in the Contemporary Caribbean: Continuing Aspects of British and French Dominion. Totowa, New Jersey: Frank Cass, 1986.

United Nations. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. Economic Activity in Caribbean Countries, 1982. New York: 1983.

-- -- -- . Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean, II: The Caribbean Economies. New York: July 1986.

United States. Agency for International Development. Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance. Countries of the Caribbean Community: A Regional Profile. Washington: February 1983.

United States. Congress. 98th, 2d Session. House of Representatives. Committee on Armed Services. Report of the Delegation to Eastern Caribbean and South American Countries. (Committee Print, No. 16.) Washington: GPO, February 1984.

World Bank. St. Christopher and Nevis Economic Report. Washington: 1985.

(Various issues of the following publications were also used in

the preparation of this section: Democrat [Basseterre, St.

Christopher and Nevis], 1987; Joint Publications Research Service,

Latin America Report, 1983-86; Labour Spokesman

[Basseterre, St. Christopher and Nevis], 1987; Latin American

Monitor [London], 1987; Latin American Weekly Report

[London], 1985; and Latin America Regional Reports:

Caribbean [London], 1987.)

British Dependencies: British Virgin Islands, Anguilla, and

Montserrat

Andrade, John. World Police and Paramilitary Forces. New York: Stockton Press, 1985.

Anguilla Census of Population, 1984. London: Overseas Development Administration, 1985.

Annual Report of the Royal British Virgin Islands Police Force, 1983. Road Town, British Virgin Islands: 1984.

Baedeker's Caribbean, Including Bermuda, 1987. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1986.

Banks, Arthur S. (ed.). Political Handbook of the World, 1984-1985. Binghamton, New York: CSA, 1985.

Birnbaum, Stephen (ed.). Birnbaum's Caribbean, Bermuda, and the Bahamas, 1986. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1985.

-- -- -- . Birnbaum's Caribbean, Bermuda, and the Bahamas, 1987. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1986.

Britain. Colonial Office. British Virgin Islands, 1975. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1975.

"British Dependent Territories: Anguilla, British Virgin Islands, Montserrat." Pages 2918-20 in The Europa Year Book 1987, II. London: Europa, 1987.

British Virgin Islands: Report for the Year 1974. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1975.

British Virgin Islands. Statistical Division. Trade Report for the British Virgin Islands, 1981. Road Town, British Virgin Islands: 1982.

Brooks, John (ed.). The 1987 South American Handbook. (63d ed.) Bath, United Kingdon: Trade and Travel, 1986.

Caribbean Development Bank. Annual Report, 1986. Wildey, Barbados: Letchworth Press, 1986.

The Diagram Group. Atlas of Central America and the Caribbean. New York: Macmillan, 1985.

Dun and Bradstreet International. Dun and Bradstreet International Market Guide for Latin America, January 1986. New York: 1986.

Economist Intelligence Unit. Quarterly Economic Review of Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Barbados, Windward and Leeward Islands. London: Economist, 1986.

Fergus, H.A. Montserrat: Emerald Isle of the Caribbean. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1983.

Fraser, Peter D., and Paul Hackett (eds.). Caribbean Economic Handbook. London: Euromonitor, 1985.

Green, Richard (ed.). Latin America and Caribbean Review, 1986. Saffron Walden, Essex, United Kingdom: World of Information, 1985.

Harrigan, N., and P. Varlack. British Virgin Islands: A Chronology. London: n. pub., 1971.

Inter-American Development Bank. Economic and Social Progress in Latin America: 1986 Report. Washington: 1987.

Jane's Fighting Ships, 1984-85. (Ed., John Moore.) London: Jane's, 1985.

Montserrat. Statistical Office. Ninth Statistical Digest, 1984. Plymouth, Montserrat: 1985.

Pan American Health Organization. Health Conditions in the Americas, 1981-1984. Washington: 1985.

-- -- -- . Program Budget, 1986-87. Washington: 1985.

-- -- -- . "Status of AIDS in the Americas," Epidemiological Bulletin, 7, Nos. 5-6, December 1986, 1.

Paxton, John (ed.). The Statesman's Year-Book: Statistical and Historical Annual of the State of the World for the Year 1986- 1987. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1986.

Petty, Colville. Anguilla: Where There's a Will There's a Way. The Valley, Anguilla: C.L. Petty, 1984.

Population Reference Bureau. 1987 World Population. Washington: 1986.

Rickards, Colin (ed.). Caribbean Year Book, 1979-80. Toronto: Caribook, 1980.

Taylor, Jeremy (ed.). The Caribbean Handbook, 1986. St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda: FT Caribbean, 1986.

Third World Guide, 1986-87. New York: Grove Press, 1986.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook, 1986. Washington: GPO, 1986.

Walker, Jane (ed.). Business Traveller's Handbook: A Guide to Latin America. New York: Facts on File, 1981.

West, Robert C., and John P. Augelli (eds.). Middle America: Its Lands and Peoples. (2d ed.) Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1976.

Woodfield, Cyril A. (ed.). British Virgin Islands: The Welcome Tourist Guide. Road Town, British Virgin Islands: Island Publishing Services, 1983.

(Various issues of the following publications were also used in

the preparation of this section: Caribbean and West Indies

Chronicle [London], 1984-86; Daily Gleaner [Kingston,

Jamaica], 1987; Foreign Broadcast Information Service, Daily

Report: Latin America, 1986-87; Joint

Publications Research Service, Latin America Report,

1986-87; Keesing's Contemporary Archives (changed to

Keesing's Record of World Events in January 1987)

[London], 1984-87; and Latin American Monitor: Caribbean

[London], 1984-87.)

Chapter 6

The Bahamas

Albury, Paul. The Story of the Bahamas. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1975.

The Bahamas. Report of the Commission of Inquiry Appointed to Inquire into the Illegal Use of the Bahamas for the Transshipment of Dangerous Drugs Destined for the United States of America, November 1983-December 1984. Nassau, The Bahamas: 1984.

The Bahamas. Cabinet Office. Independence for the Commonwealth of the Bahamas. Nassau, The Bahamas: 1972.

The Bahamas. Department of Statistics. Census of Population and Housing, 1980: Preliminary Review. Nassau, The Bahamas: 1981.

-- -- -- . Demographic Aspects of the Bahamian Population, 1901-1974. Nassau, The Bahamas: 1976.

-- -- -- . National Accounts of the Bahamas, 1973-1979. Nassau, The Bahamas: 1979.

-- -- -- . Report of the 1980 Census of Housing. Nassau, The Bahamas: 1984.

-- -- -- . Social Statistics Report. Nassau, The Bahamas: 1982.

-- -- -- . Some Aspects of Fertility in New Providence. Nassau, The Bahamas: 1981.

-- -- -- . Staff Papers. Nassau, The Bahamas: 1983.

-- -- -- . Statistical Abstract, 1983. Nassau, The Bahamas: 1984.

-- -- -- . Vital Statistics Report, 1983. Nassau, The Bahamas: 1985.

The Bahamas. Ministry of Education. Atlas of the Commonwealth of the Bahamas. (rev. ed.) Kingston, Jamaica: Kingston, 1985.

The Bahamas. Ministry of Education and Culture. Archives Exhibition: Junkanoo. Nassau, The Bahamas: 1978.

-- -- -- . Constitutional Development of the Bahamas. Nassau, The Bahamas: 1979.

The Bahamas. Public Records Office. Archives Section. A Selection of Historic Buildings of the Bahamas. Nassau, The Bahamas: 1975.

The Bahamas. Royal Bahamas Police Force. Annual Report for the Year 1981. Nassau, The Bahamas: 1981.

"Bahamas: A Paradise for Tourists and Bankers," Courier [Brussels], No. 88, November-December 1984, 23-26.

Bahamas Business Guide. Nassau, The Bahamas: Commonwealth, 1982.

Bahamas Handbook and Businessman's Annual, 1985. Nassau, The Bahamas: Etienne Dupuch, Jr., 1984.

Bahamas Handbook and Businessman's Annual, 1987. Nassau, The Bahamas: Etienne Dupuch, Jr., 1986.

Banks, Arthur S. (ed.). Political Handbook of the World, 1984-1985. Binghamton, New York: CSA, 1985.

Barratt, P.J.H. Grand Bahama. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 1972.

Benchley, Peter. "The Bahamas: `Boom Times and Buccaneering'," National Geographic, 162, No. 3, September 1982, 364- 95.

Blackburne, Kenneth. "Changing Patterns of Caribbean International Relations: Britain and the British Caribbean." Pages 204-18 in Richard Millett and W. Marvin Will (eds.), The Restless Caribbean: Changing Patterns of International Relations. New York: Praeger, 1979.

Blaustein, Albert P., and Gisbert H. Flanz (eds.). Constitutions of the Countries of the World. Dobbs Ferry, New York: Oceana, 1984.

Boultbee, Paul G. Bahamian Reference Collection: Bibliography. (2d ed.) Nassau, The Bahamas: College of the Bahamas, 1981.

Brooks, John (ed.). The 1987 South American Handbook. Bath, United Kingdom: Trade and Travel, 1986.

Craton, Michael. A History of the Bahamas. (3d ed.) Waterloo, Canada: San Salvador Press, 1986.

Fraser, Peter D., and Paul Hackett (eds.). Caribbean Economic Handbook. London: Euromonitor, 1985.

Halkitis, Michael. The Climate of the Bahamas. Nassau, The Bahamas: Bahamas Geographical Association, 1980.

Hannau, Hans W. The Bahama Islands. New York: Doubleday, 1974.

Holm, John A., and Alison Watt Shilling. Dictionary of Bahamian English. Cold Spring, New York: Lexik House, 1982.

Hughes, Colin A. Race and Politics in the Bahamas. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1981.

Hunte, George. The Bahamas. London: B.T. Batsford, 1975.

Inter-American Development Bank. Economic and Social Progress in Latin America: 1986 Report. Washington: 1987.

International Monetary Fund. Balance of Payments Statistics, 37, No. 9, September 1986, 4-50.

Johnson, Doris. The Quiet Revolution in the Bahamas. Nassau, The Bahamas: Family Islands Press, 1972.

Judge, Joseph. "Where Columbus Found the New World," National Geographic, 170, No. 5, November 1986, 566-99.

Kurian, George Thomas. Encyclopedia of the Third World. (rev. ed.) New York: Facts on File, 1982.

Lawes, Dianne Nicholson. Bahamas, 1984. New York: Fisher Travel Guides, 1984.

Marshall, Dawn I. "The Haitian Problem": Illegal Migration to the Bahamas. Mona, Jamaica: Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies, 1979.

Padelford, Edward A. "Caribbean Security and U.S. Political-Military Presence," Strategic Review, Fall 1986, 54-62.

Pan American Health Organization. Health Conditions in the Americas, 1981-1984. Washington: 1985.

Paxton, John (ed.). The Statesman's Year-Book: Statistical and Historical Annual of the State of the World for the Year 1986- 1987. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1986.

Power, Kevin P. Caribbean Basin Trade and Investment Guide. Washington: Washington International Press, 1984.

Rees, John. "The Bahamas Now Looks to Kendall Isaacs," Review of the News, May 19, 1982, 39-48.

Symonette, Michael A. The New Bahamians. Nassau, The Bahamas: Bahamas International, 1982.

Thompson, Anthony A. An Economic History of the Bahamas. Nassau, The Bahamas: Commonwealth, 1979.

United Nations. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean, 1983. Santiago, Chile: 1985.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook, 1986. Washington: GPO, 1986.

United States. Congress. 98th, 1st Session. House of Representatives. Committee on Foreign Affairs. U.S. Narcotics Interdiction Programs in the Bahamas. (Hearings September 28, October 19, and November 2, 1983.) Washington: GPO, 1984.

United States. Congress. 99th, 1st Session. House of Representatives. Committee on Ways and Means. Designation of the Bahamas as a Beneficiary Country under the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act. (House Document 99-40.) Washington: GPO, 1985.

United States. Department of Commerce. International Trade Administration. Foreign Economic Trends and Their Implications for the United States: The Bahamas. Washington: GPO, March 1986.

-- -- -- . Investment in Foreign Countries, IV. Western Hemisphere (Excluding Canada). Washington: GPO, August 1985.

United States. Department of State. Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 1984. (Report submitted to United States Congress, 99th, 1st Session, Senate, Committee on Foreign Relations, and House of Representatives, Committee on Foreign Affairs.) Washington: GPO, February 1985.

-- -- -- . Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 1985. (Report submitted to United States Congress, 99th, 2d Session, Senate, Committee on Foreign Relations, and House of Representatives, Committee on Foreign Affairs.) Washington: GPO, February 1986.

-- -- -- . Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 1986. (Report submitted to United States Congress, 100th, 1st Session, Senate, Committee on Foreign Relations, and House of Representatives, Committee on Foreign Affairs.) Washington: GPO, February 1987.

United States. Department of State. Bureau of Public Affairs. Background Notes: The Bahamas. Washington: GPO, December 1984.

United States. Department of State. Foreign Affairs Information Management Center. Bahamas Post Report. Washington: GPO, August 1985.

Unites States. Department of State. Office of the Legal Adviser. Treaties in Force. Washington: GPO, 1985.

World Bank. The Bahamas: Economic Report. Washington: 1986.

-- -- -- . The World Bank Atlas, 1986. Washington: 1986.

(Various issues of the following publications were also used in

the preparation of this section: Christian Science

Monitor, 1986-87; Country Report: Jamaica, Belize,

Bahamas, Bermuda [London], 1984-87; Foreign Broadcast

Information Service, Daily Report: Latin America, 1985-87;

Joint Publications Research Service, Latin America Report,

1985-87; Latin America and Caribbean Review [Saffron

Walden, Essex, United Kingdom], 1985-87; New York Times,

1985-87; Quarterly Economic Review of Jamaica, Belize, Bahamas,

Bermuda [London], 1984-87; Tribune [Nassau, The

Bahamas], 1985-87; and Washington Post, 1986-87.)

British Dependencies: The Cayman Islands and the Turks and Caicos Islands

Andrade, John. World Police and Paramilitary Forces. New York: Stockton Press, 1985.

Baedeker's Caribbean, Including Bermuda, 1987. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1986.

Banks, Arthur S. (ed.). Political Handbook of the World, 1985-1986. Binghamton, New York: CSA, 1986.

Birnbaum, Stephen (ed.). Birnbaum's Caribbean, Bermuda, and the Bahamas, 1986. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1985.

-- -- -- . Birnbaum's Caribbean, Bermuda, and the Bahamas, 1987. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1986.

"British Dependent Territories: Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands." Pages 2929-31 in The Europa Year Book, 1987, II. London: Europa, 1986.

Brooks, John (ed.). The 1987 South American Handbook. (63d ed.) Bath, United Kingdom: Trade and Travel, 1986.

Caribbean Development Bank. Annual Report, 1986. Wildey, Barbados: Letchworth Press, 1987.

Cayman Islands. Cayman Islands Annual Report, 1981. George Town, Cayman Islands: 1982.

-- -- -- . Cayman Islands Annual Report, 1983. George Town, Cayman Islands: 1984.

-- -- -- . Cayman Islands Annual Report, 1984. George Town, Cayman Islands: 1985.

-- -- -- . Statistical Abstract of the Cayman Islands, 1983. George Town, Cayman Islands: Cayman Islands Statistical Unit, 1984.

The Diagram Group. Atlas of Central America and the Caribbean. New York: Macmillan, 1985.

Fraser, Peter D. and Paul Hackett (eds.). Caribbean Economic Handbook. London: Euromonitor, 1985.

Green, Richard (ed.). Latin America and Caribbean Review, 1986. Saffron Walden, Essex, United Kingdom: World of Information, 1985.

Hamaludin, Mohamed (ed.). Cayman Islands Handbook and Businessman's Guide 1982-1983. George Town, Cayman Islands: Northwestern, 1982.

Inter-American Development Bank. Economic and Social Progress in Latin America: 1986 Report. Washington: 1987.

Kennedy, Denis (ed.). The Atlas of Central America and the Caribbean. New York: Macmillan Education, 1985.

Paxton, John (ed.). The Statesman's Year-Book: Statistical and Historical Annual of the State of the World for the Year 1986- 1987. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1986.

Population Reference Bureau. 1987 World Population. Washington: 1986.

Rickards, Colin (ed.). Caribbean Year Book, 1979-80. Toronto: Caribook, 1980.

"Stern Warning to PNP from Misick," Caribbean Insight [London], 9, No. 6, June 1986, 12-13.

Third World Guide, 1986-1987. New York: Grove Press, 1986.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook, 1986. Washington: GPO, 1986.

Walker, Jane (ed.). Business Traveller's Handbook: A Guide to Latin America. New York: Facts on File, 1981.

"Warning to Other Islands in Turks and Caicos Dismissals," Caribbean Insight [London], 9, No. 8, August 1986, 1.

West, Robert C., and John P. Augelli (eds.). Middle America: Its Lands and Peoples. (2d ed.) Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1976.

(Various issues of the following publications were also used in

the preparation of this section: Caribbean and West

Indies Chronicle [London], 1985-87; Cayman

Horizons [George Town, Cayman Islands], 1986-87; Keesing's

Contemporary Archives (changed to Keesing's Record of

World Events in January 1987) [London], 1984-87; Latin

American Monitor: Caribbean [London], 1985-87; and

Washington Post, 1986-87.)

Chapter 7

Agro-Melina, Robert Joseph, and John Francis Cronin. The U.S.S.R.'s Courting of Latin America: Soviet Forward Policy and Strategy in the Southern Western Hemisphere. (Studies in International Affairs and Critical Trends, No. 1.) n. pl.: Horizon (published for the Institute for Analysis of Critical Trends, Laguna Beach, California), 1984.

Anderson, Thomas D. Geopolitics of the Caribbean: Ministates in a Wider World. (Politics in Latin America: A Hoover Institution series.) New York: Praeger, 1984.

Andrade, John. World Police and Paramilitary Forces. New York: Stockton Press, 1985.

Andre, David J. "Gathering Storm in the Eastern Caribbean," Military Review, July 1981, 2-14.

Arthur, Stanley. Grenada and East Caribbean Security. (Conflict Studies, No. 177.) London: Institute for the Study of Conflict, 1985.

Ashby, Timothy. The Bear in the Back Yard. Lexington, Massachusetts: Lexington Books, 1987.

Beshoff, Pamela. "Foreign Policy Co-operation and Regional Integration in the Caribbean," Millennium: A Journal of International Studies[London], 15, No. 1, Spring 1986, 91-107.

Black, George. "Mare Nostrum: U.S. Security Policy in the English-Speaking Caribbean," NACLA Report on the Americas, 19, July-August 1985, 13-48.

Blechman, Barry M., and Stephanie E. Levinson. "Soviet Submarine Visits to Cuba," United States Naval Institute Proceedings, September 1975, 31-39.

Callcott, Wilfrid Hardy. The Caribbean Policy of the United States, 1890-1920. New York: Octagon Books, 1966.

CAUSA International. The Soviet Challenge in Central America and the Caribbean. Washington: January 1985.

Center for Strategic and International Studies. Russia in the Caribbean. (Special Report Series, No. 13, Pt. 1.) Washington: 1973.

Diederich, Bernard. "The End of West Indian Innocence: Arming the Police," Caribbean Review, 13, No. 2, Spring 1984, 10-12.

Dismukes, Bradford, and Abram N. Shulsky. "Submarine Deployments to Cuba." Pages 353-54 in Bradford Dismukes (ed.), Soviet Naval Diplomacy. New York: Pergamon Press, 1979.

Duncan, W. Raymond. "Caribbean Leftism," Problems of Communism, May-June 1978, 33-57.

Dunn, Peter M., and Bruce W. Watson (eds.). American Intervention in Grenada: The Implications of Operation "Urgent Fury." (Westview Special Studies in Military Affairs.) Boulder: Westview Press, 1985.

Erismand, H. Michael, and John D. Martz (eds.). Colossus Challenge: The Struggle for Caribbean Influence. Boulder: Westview Press, 1982.

Fenton, Robert E. "Caribbean Coast Guard: A Regional Approach," Naval War College Review, 37, March-April 1984, 26- 40.

Gershman, Carl. "Soviet Power in Central America and the Caribbean: The Growing Threat to American Security," AEI Foreign Policy and Defense Review, 5, No. 1, 1984, 37-46.

Gordon, Marvin F. "The Geopolitics of the Caribbean Basin," Military Review, August 1986, 16-27.

Gouré, Leon, and Morris Rothenberg. Soviet Penetration of Latin America. (Monographs in International Affairs.) Miami: University of Miami, 1975.

Greene, J.E. "Contemporary Politics in the English-Speaking Caribbean." Pages 83-96 in Angel Calderón Cruz (ed.), Contemporary Caribbean Issues. Río Piedras, Puerto Rico: Caribbean Studies Institute, University of Puerto Rico, 1979.

Hanks, Robert J. The Unnoticed Challenge: Soviet Maritime Strategy and the Global Choke Points. (Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis in association with the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy.) Washington: Corporate Press, 1980.

Ince, Basil A. "The Commonwealth Caribbean in International Politics." Pages 97-117 in Angel Calderón Cruz (ed.), Contemporary Caribbean Issues. Río Piedras, Puerto Rico: Caribbean Studies Institute, University of Puerto Rico, 1979.

International Institute for Strategic Studies. The Military Balance, 1986-1987. London: 1986.

International Security Council. "The Soviet Challenge in Central America and the Caribbean," CAUSA International, 1985.

Jones, Ronald E. "Cuba and the English-Speaking Caribbean." Pages 131-45 in Cole Blasier and Carmelo Mesa-Lago (eds.), Cuba in the World. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1979.

Karnes, Thomas L. "The United States and the Caribbean Basin in Historical Perspective." Pages 65-90 in Donald E. Schulz and Douglas H. Graham (eds.), Revolution and Counterrevolution in Central America and the Caribbean. Boulder: Westview Press, 1984.

Knowles, Yereth Kahn. Beyond the Caribbean States: A History of Regional Cooperation in the Commonwealth Caribbean. Río Piedras, Puerto Rico: Caribbean Studies Institute and Study Center for Latin America, University of Puerto Rico, 1972.

Laing, Edward A. "Independence and Islands: The Decolonization of the British Caribbean," Journal of International Law and Politics [London], 12, Fall 1979, 281-312.

Langley, Lester D. The United States and the Caribbean in the Twentieth Century. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1982.

Leiken, Robert S. Soviet Strategy in Latin America. (Washington Papers, 10, No. 93.) New York: Praeger, with Center for Strategic and International Studies, Georgetown University, 1982.

Lewis, Gary P. "Prospects for a Regional Security System in the Eastern Caribbean," Millennium: A Journal of International Studies [London], 15, No. 1, 1986, 73-90.

Lewis, Vaughan A. "The US and the Caribbean: Issues of Economics and Security," Caribbean Review, April 1982, 6-9.

Maingot, Anthony P. "Cuba and the Commonwealth Caribbean: Playing the Cuban Card." Pages 19-41 in Barry B. Levine (ed.), The New Cuban Presence in the Caribbean. Boulder: Westview Press, 1983.

-- -- -- . "Integrating the Non-Hispanic Caribbean States into the Inter-American Defense System -- the Lessons of Grenada." (Paper presented at National Defense University's Symposium on Inter- American Security Policy, November 13, 1986.) Washington: 1986.

Maira, Luis. "Caribbean State Systems and Middle-Status Powers: The Cases of Mexico, Venezuela, and Cuba." Pages 177-204 in Paget Henry and Carl Stone (eds.), The Newer Caribbean: Decolonization, Democracy, and Development. (Inter- American Politics series, 4.) Philadelphia: Institute for the Study of Human Issues, 1983.

Manyoni, Joseph R. "Emergence of Black Power." Pages 101-15 in Robert Moss (ed.), The Stability of the Caribbean. London: Institute for the Study of Conflict, 1973.

Martin, John Bartlow. U.S. Policy in the Caribbean. (A Twentieth Century Fund Essay.) Boulder: Westview Press, 1978.

Menon, P.K. "The Organization of Eastern Caribbean States -- An Important Milestone in Sub-Regional Integration," Inter- American Law Review, 17, Winter 1986, 297-311.

Mitchell, Harold. Europe in the Caribbean: The Policies of Great Britain, France, and the Netherlands Toward Their West Indian Territories. New York: Cooper Square, 1973.

Moorer, Thomas H., and Georges A. Fauriol. Caribbean Basin Security. (Washington Papers, 104.) New York: Praeger, with Center for Strategic and International Studies, Georgetown University, 1984.

Norton, Francis Wright. "Caribbean Naval Activity." Pages 208-15 in Bruce W. Watson (ed.), The Soviet Navy: Strengths and Liabilities. Boulder: Westview Press, 1986.

Norton, Graham. "Defending the Eastern Caribbean," World Today [London], June 1984, 254-60.

O'Rourke, Ronald. "U.S. Strategic Sealift: Sustaining the Land Battle," Naval Forces, 7, No. 3, 1986, 31-36.

Padelford, Edward A. "Caribbean Security and U.S. Political-Military Presence," Strategic Review, Fall 1986, 54-62.

Pastor, Robert A. (ed.). Migration and Development in the Caribbean: The Unexplored Connection. (Westview Special Studies on Latin America and the Caribbean.) Boulder: Westview Press, 1985.

Payne, Anthony. The International Crisis in the Caribbean. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1984.

Phillips, Dion E. "The Increasing Emphasis on Security and Defense in the Eastern Caribbean." Pages 42-64 in Alma H. Young and Dion E. Phillips (eds.), Militarization in the Non- Hispanic Caribbean. Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1986.

Plischke, Elmer. Microstates in World Affairs: Policy Problems and Options. (AEI Studies in Foreign Policy.) Washington: American Enterprise Institute, 1977.

Quester, George H. "Trouble in the Islands: Defending the Micro-States," International Security, 8, No. 2, Fall 1983, 160-75.

Ronfeldt, David. Geopolitics, Security, and U.S. Strategy in the Caribbean Basin. (Project Air Force report prepared for United States Air Force.) Santa Monica: Rand, November 1983.

Sanchez, Nestor D. "Regional Security: United States Security Interests and Concerns in Latin America," California Western International Law Journal, 12, Summer 1982, 434- 46.

Schoenhals, Kai P., and Richard A. Melanson (eds.). Revolution and Intervention in Grenada: The New Jewel Movement, the United States, and the Caribbean. (Westview Special Studies on Latin America and the Caribbean.) Boulder: Westview Press, 1985.

Seidenman, Paul. "Caribbean: The Urgency Grows," National Defense, December 1982, 20-25.

Sim, Richard, and James Anderson. The Caribbean Strategic Vacuum. (Conflict Studies, 12.) London: Institute for the Study of Conflict, August 1980.

Simmons, David A. "Militarization of the Caribbean: Concerns for National and Regional Security," International Journal [Toronto], 40, No. 2, Spring 1985, 348-76.

Stoiko, Michael, and George Luedeke, Jr. "Advancing South with Advanced Vehicles." United States Naval Institute Proceedings, 112, No. 2, February 1986, 81-88.

Theberge, James D. Russia in the Caribbean. Washington: Center for Strategic and International Studies, Georgetown University, 1973.

-- -- -- . The Soviet Presence in Latin America. New York: Crane, Russak, 1974.

Theberge, James D. (ed.). Soviet Seapower in the Caribbean: Political and Strategic Implications. (Praeger Special Studies.) New York: Praeger, 1972.

Tiryakian, Josefina Cintron. "The Military and Security Dimensions of U.S. Caribbean Policy." Pages 48-71 in H. Michael Erisman (ed.), The Caribbean Challenge: U.S. Policy in a Volatile Region. Boulder: Westview Press, 1984.

United States. Congress. 96th, 1st Session. House of Representatives. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on Inter-American Affairs. Economic and Political Future of the Caribbean. (Hearings.) Washington: GPO, 1979.

United States. Congress. 98th, 1st Session. House of Representatives. Committee on Foreign Affairs. U.S. Narcotics Interdiction Programs in the Bahamas. (Hearings September 28, October 19, and November 2, 1983.) Washington: GPO, 1984.

United States. Congress. 98th, 2d Session. House of Representatives. Committee on Armed Services. Report of the Delegation to Eastern Caribbean and South American Countries. (Committee Print, No. 16) Washington: GPO, February 1984.

United States. Congress. 99th, 1st Session. House of Representatives. Committee on Foreign Affairs. The English-Speaking Caribbean: Current Conditions and Implications for U.S. Policy. Washington: GPO, 1985.

United States. Defense Intelligence Agency. Handbook of the Cuban Armed Forces. (Defense Research Reference series.) Washington: May 1986.

United States. Department of State. Bureau of International Narcotics Matters. International Narcotics Strategy Report, 1985. Washington: February 1, 1985.

United States. Department of State and Department of Defense. Grenada: A Preliminary Report. Washington: December 16, 1983.

-- -- -- . The Soviet-Cuban Connection in Central America and the Caribbean. Washington: March 1985.

Valenta, Jiri. "Soviet Strategy in the Caribbean Basin," United States Naval Institute Proceedings, 108, No. 5, May 1982, 169-81.

Volsky, George. "The Eastern Caribbean." Pages 131-42 in Robert Wesson (ed.), Communism in Central America and the Caribbean. Stanford University: Hoover Institution Press, 1982.

Wagner, Jacqueline A. Braveboy. "Changes in the Regional Foreign Policies of the English-Speaking Caribbean." Pages 223-38 in Elizabeth G. Ferris and Jennie K. Lincoln (eds.), Latin American Foreign Policies: Global and Regional Dimensions. Boulder: Westview Press, 1981.

Watson, Bruce W. Red Navy at Sea. Boulder: Westview Press, 1982.

Appendixes

Abrams, Elliot. "CBI and the U.S. National Interest," Department of State Bulletin, April 1986, 84-89.

Arnold, Guy. Economic Co-operation in the Commonwealth. Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1967.

Banks, Arthur S. (ed.). Political Handbook of the World, 1985-86. Binghamton, New York: CSA, 1986.

Blake, Byron, and Kenneth Hall. "The Caribbean Community: Administrative and Institutional Aspects," Journal of Common Market Studies [London], 16, No. 3, March 1978, 211-28.

"Caribbean Community and Common Market -- CARICOM." Pages 108-09 in The Europa Year Book, 1987, I. London: Europa, 1987.

Caribbean Community Secretariat. Report of the Secretary General of the Caribbean Community, 1985. Georgetown, Guyana: 1986.

"Caribbean Leaders Back New Moves for Economic Integration," Caribbean Insight [London], 9, No. 7, July 1986, 1-2.

Chernick, Sidney E. The Commonwealth Caribbean: The Integration Experience. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1978.

"The Commonwealth." Pages 114-20 in The Europa Year Book, 1987, I. London: Europa, 1987.

Day, Alan J. (ed.). Treaties and Alliances of the World. (3d ed.) Detroit: Gale Research, 1981.

"Glimmer of Hope for CARICOM Trade," Caribbean Insight [London], 10, No. 7, March 1987, 1.

Gonzalez, Anthony P. "Future of Caricom: Collective Self-Reliance in Decline?" Caribbean Review, 13, No. 4, Fall 1984, 8-11.

Hall, H. Duncan. Commonwealth: A History of the British Commonwealth of Nations. London: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1971.

Inter-American Development Bank. Economic and Social Progress in Latin America: Economic Integration, 1984. Washington: 1984.

-- -- -- . Ten Years of Caricom. Georgetown, Guyana: 1983.

"In the Caribbean," Washington Post, November 3, 1986, A14.

Margain, Eduardo. Development Challenges and Cooperation in the Commonwealth Caribbean. Washington: Inter-American Development Bank, 1983.

Overseas Development Council. "The Caribbean Basin Initiative: Update," Policy Focus, No. 3, 1985, 1-8.

Palmer, Ransford W. Problems of Development in Beautiful Countries: Perspectives on the Caribbean. Lanham, Maryland: North-South, 1984.

Pastor, Robert. "Sinking in the Caribbean Basin," Foreign Affairs, 60, No. 5, Summer 1982, 1038-58.

Payne, Anthony. "Whither Caricom? The Performance and Prospects of Caribbean Integration in the 1980s," International Journal [Toronto], 40, No. 2, Spring 1985, 207-28.

Payne, Anthony, and Paul Sutton (eds.). Dependency under Challenge: The Political Economy of the Commonwealth Caribbean. London: Butler and Tanner, 1984.

Powers, Kevin P. Caribbean Basin Trade and Investment Guide. Washington: Washington International Press, 1984.

Ramsaran, Ramesh. "Caricom: The Integration Process in Crisis?" Journal of World Trade Law, 12, 1978, 208-17.

Raymond, Nicholas. "Caribbean Basin Revisited," Editorial Research Reports, 1, No. 5, February 1985, 83-100.

"The Reagan Caribbean Basin Initiative, Pro and Con," Congressional Digest, 62, No. 3, March 1983, 69-96.

Sanford, Jonathan, and Lawrence Silverman. Caribbean Basin Initiative, 1983. (Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service, Major Issues System, MB83222.) Washington: February 1984.

Schiavone, Giuseppe (ed.). International Organizations: A Dictionary and Directory. Chicago: St. James Press, 1983.

Stokes, Bruce. "Reagan's Caribbean Basin Initiative on Track, but Success Still in Doubt," National Journal, 17, January 26, 1985, 205-10.

Taylorm, Jeffrey H. "Efforts Toward Economic Integration: CARICOM as a Case Study." (Master's thesis.) Washington: George Washington University, 1985.

United States. Congress. 98th, 1st Session. House of Representatives. Committee on Ways and Means. Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery. Washington: GPO, 1983.

-- -- -- . Congress. 99th, 2d Session. House of Representatives. Committee on Ways and Means. Subcommittee on Oversight. Review of the Impact and Effectiveness of the Caribbean Basin Initiative. (Hearings.) Washington: GPO, 1986.

United States. Department of Commerce. International Trade Administration. Caribbean Basin Initiative: 1986 Guidebook. Washington: 1986.

United States. Department of State. Background on the Caribbean Basin Initiative. (Special Report, No. 97.) Washington: March 1982.

-- -- -- . GIST: Caribbean Basin Initiative. Washington: March 1987.

United States. International Trade Commission. Annual Report on the Impact of the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act on U.S. Industries and Consumers: First Report, 1984-85. Washington: September 1986.

Wylie, Scott. "CBI: One Year Later," Business America, January 7, 1985, 2-4.

Zegaris, Bruce. "The Caribbean Basin Initiative," Tax Notes, 28, August 26, 1985, 1021-25.




Last Updated: November 1987


Editor's Note: Country Studies included here were published between 1988 and 1998. The Country study for Trinidad and Tobago was first published in 1987. Where available, the data has been updated through 2008. The date at the bottom of each section will indicate the time period of the data. Information on some countries may no longer be up to date. See the "Research Completed" date at the beginning of each study on the Title Page or the "Data as of" date at the end of each section of text. This information is included due to its comprehensiveness and for historical purposes.

Note that current information from the CIA World Factbook, U.S. Department of State Background Notes, Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Country Briefs, the UK's Foreign and Commonwealth Office's Country Profiles, and the World Bank can be found on Factba.se.

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