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Yugoslavia: Preface
Country Study > Preface


In the 1980s, Yugoslavia passed through a time of political, social, and economic transition that changed many of its basic institutions and threatened the very political structure of the nation. Events occurring after the death of Josip Broz Tito in 1980, and especially those at the end of the 1980s, demanded a new and updated version of Yugoslavia: A Country Study. Because Yugoslavia was already the most open of East European communist nations, large amounts of reliable information about events there have been available throughout the post-Tito period. A number of useful monographs and a host of scholarly articles and periodical reports have provided the basis for this new treatment of the country. The most useful of those sources are cited at the end of each chapter.

The authors of this edition have described changes in the last ten years against the historical, political, and social background of Yugoslavia. Each of the six Yugoslav republics and two provinces is treated separately in some respects, because of substantial differences in their social and political makeup and their history before 1918. The authors have attempted to describe the centrifugal impact of those differences on the history of the Yugoslav state, and especially on its current condition. With that in mind, several tables in the Appendix break down ethnographic and economic statistics by republic and province.

Yugoslav personal names are uniformly rendered in the Latin orthography used in Croatia and Slovenia, with the single exception that the spelling "dj" is used to replace the single letter that represents that sound in the Croatian system. As was not the case in the preceding edition, diacritics are supplied wherever appropriate. Geographical names United States Board on Geographical Names, with the exception of commonly used international spellings such as Belgrade (Beograd) and Bosnia (Bosna). On maps English-language generic designations such as river, plain, and mountain are used. Organizations commonly known by their acronyms (such as LCY, the League of Communists of Yugoslavia) are introduced first by their full English names.

Measurements are given in the metric system; a conversion table is provided in the Appendix. A glossary and a bibliography are also included at the end of the book.

Data as of December 1990

Last Updated: December 1990

Editor's Note: Country Studies included here were published between 1988 and 1998. The Country study for Yugoslavia was first published in 1990. Where available, the data has been updated through 2008. The date at the bottom of each section will indicate the time period of the data. Information on some countries may no longer be up to date. See the "Research Completed" date at the beginning of each study on the Title Page or the "Data as of" date at the end of each section of text. This information is included due to its comprehensiveness and for historical purposes.

Note that current information from the CIA World Factbook, U.S. Department of State Background Notes, Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Country Briefs, the UK's Foreign and Commonwealth Office's Country Profiles, and the World Bank can be found on

Yugoslavia Main Page Country Studies Main Page

Section 4 of 208


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