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Yugoslavia: Other Faiths
Country Study > Chapter 2 > The Society and Its Environment > Religion > Other Faiths


During the Protestant Reformation, a number of Protestant communities arose in regions now included in Yugoslavia. Many initial Protestant conversions were later reversed in the Counterreformation, especially in Slovenia and Croatia. The most notable exceptions were the Calvinist communities of Vojvodina. The surviving Calvinist Reformed Church in Vojvodina was mostly Hungarian in membership. In 1987 it had forty-three parishes, ninety-two affiliated offices, about sixty churches and prayer houses, and over forty ministers trained at theological schools in Austria, Hungary, and Switzerland. In the twentieth century, numerous Protestant faiths, including newer groups such as the Seventh-Day Adventists and Jehovah's Witnesses, also found a foothold in Yugoslavia.

Much of Yugoslavia's prewar Jewish community was destroyed in the Holocaust, and many of the survivors emigrated to Israel after 1948. Yugoslavia's 1931 census recorded a Jewish population of 68,405. By contrast only 6,835 persons identified themselves as Jews by nationality in the census of 1948, and in 1980 the number of Jews had shrunk to 5,638. The remaining community is organized into twenty-nine communes affiliated with the Belgradebased Federation of Jewish Communities of Yugoslavia.

Data as of December 1990

Last Updated: December 1990

Editor's Note: Country Studies included here were published between 1988 and 1998. The Country study for Yugoslavia was first published in 1990. Where available, the data has been updated through 2008. The date at the bottom of each section will indicate the time period of the data. Information on some countries may no longer be up to date. See the "Research Completed" date at the beginning of each study on the Title Page or the "Data as of" date at the end of each section of text. This information is included due to its comprehensiveness and for historical purposes.

Note that current information from the CIA World Factbook, U.S. Department of State Background Notes, Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Country Briefs, the UK's Foreign and Commonwealth Office's Country Profiles, and the World Bank can be found on

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Section 71 of 208


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